A day after Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray's address to the state, Maharashtra government on May 19 has eased coronavirus lockdown rules significantly in the non-red zones.
It allowed e-commerce of non-essential goods from today.
The state government has also allowed public transport services to start functioning in non-red zones.
The state government has allowed opening of stadiums, sports complexes and public places in non-red zones. However, no events shall be held with spectators, the government has said.
In addition to this, shops, malls, establishments and industries, too, have been allowed to open in red zones, but that will only be for upkeep and maintenance purposes and no commercial activities will be allowed.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.
Rickshaws, taxis and cabs will not be allowed to ply in red zones, the state government has said, adding that intra-district transport will be allowed with 50 percent capacity.
Maharashtra lockdown 4.0 guidelines | People's movement in red zones:
Taxi/cab aggregators: No
Four wheelers: Only for essential purpose (one driver + 2).
Two wheelers: Only for essential purpose (one rider).
The state government has also redrawn the red zones, with municipal corporations of Mumbai, MMR, Pune city, Solapur city, Aurangabad city, Malegaon, Dhule, Nasik city, Jalgaon, Akola and Amravati falling in red zones.
In his televised address to the people, a day after the state government extended the coronavirus-induced lockdown till May 31, Thackeray had said that 50,000 industrial units have already resumed their activities in the state.
"I appeal to residents of green zones, especially youths, to come forward to work in various industries and make the state 'Atmanirbhar'," the chief minister said.