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Kerala accounts for 51% of India’s total COVID-19 cases: Health Ministry

Kerala reported 31,445 COVID-19 cases and 215 deaths in the past 24 hours. The last time Kerala's COVID-19 cases crossed the 30,000-mark was on May 20 when it logged 30,491 cases. The state currently has more than one lakh active COVID-19 cases.

August 26, 2021 / 05:12 PM IST
Representative image: Reuters

Representative image: Reuters

Union Health Secretary Rajesh Bhushan said at a Health Ministry press briefing on August 26 that out of the 46,000 new COVID-19 cases that were reported in the country on August 25, up to 58 percent were from Kerala. The rest of the states are still exhibiting a declining trend vis-à-vis daily coronavirus case count.

Kerala reported 31,445 COVID-19 cases and 215 deaths in the past 24 hours. The last time Kerala's COVID-19 cases crossed the 30,000-mark was on May 20 when it logged 30,491 cases. The state currently has more than one lakh active COVID-19 cases, Bhushan added.

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The Health Secy further said: “Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh have 10,000 to one lakh active COVID-19 cases.”

“Kerala contributes to 51 percent, Maharashtra 16 percent, and the rest of the three states contribute to four to five percent of the cases in the country.”

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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Union Health Secretary Rajesh Bhushan then went on to point out that 80 lakh doses of the COVID-19 vaccine were administered in the country in the last 24 hours. He added: “As we speak, more than 47 lakh doses have been administered so far today.”

The cumulative number of coronavirus vaccine doses administered in India has surpassed the 60-crore mark.

Follow our coverage of the coronavirus crisis here
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first published: Aug 26, 2021 05:12 pm
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