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India's New COVID-19 Vaccine Milestone: 50% eligible population fully vaccinated

The COVID-19 vaccination for 50 percent adult population of India was completed on the 323rd day of the nationwide vaccination drive on December 4 when over one crore jabs were inoculated across the country.

December 05, 2021 / 11:33 AM IST
Union Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya. (File image)

Union Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya. (File image)

India has covered over half of the eligible population for COVID-19 vaccination, which means more than 50 percent of the people over the age of 18 years have received both doses of the COVID-19 vaccine, said Union health minister Mansukh Mandaviya.

The minister congratulated the country for achieving the milestone in a tweet on December 5. “Congratulations India…It is a moment of great pride as over 50% of the eligible population are now fully vaccinated…We will win the battle against COVID-19 together,” Mandaviya tweeted.

The vaccination for 50 percent adult population of India was completed on the 323rd day of the nationwide vaccination drive on December 4 when over one crore jabs were inoculated across the country. India administered more than 1.04 crore COVID-19 vaccine doses in the last 24 hours, taking the vaccination count beyond 127.61 crore amid the potential threat of Omicron variant of coronavirus, according to the Union Health Ministry update on December 5.

On the 323rd day of the vaccination drive, over 29.06 lakh people received their first shot and 75.12 lakh their second dose, according to health ministry data. Cumulatively, 79,90,71,752 individuals in the age group of 18-44 years have received their first dose and 47,71,11,313 their second dose since the beginning of the vaccination drive.

India’s 50 percent of the eligible population was inoculated with the first dose of the COVID-19 vaccine on August 26.

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COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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Meanwhile, Himachal Pradesh has become the first state to fully vaccinate 100 percent of its adult population against COVID-19, an official spokesperson claimed on December 4. As many as 53,86,393 eligible adults have been administered the second dose, he said, adding Himachal Pradesh was also the first state to achieve the 100 percent first dose vaccination of adult population by the end of August.
Moneycontrol News
first published: Dec 5, 2021 11:33 am

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