India’s COVID-19 case tally exceeded 2.80 crores with 1,52,734 new cases reported (lowest in 50 days), as per the health ministry’s May 31 update.
As many as 3,128 new deaths reported in the last 24 hours (lowest in 34 days), new recoveries at 2,38,022 in the same period, the latest release showed. Recoveries continue to outnumber the daily new cases for the 18th day in a row.
More than 21.31 crore vaccinations have been administered across India, according to the May 31 update, with 10,18,076 new vaccinations.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.
Of the total vaccinations administered to date, 79 percent are recipients of their first dose while 21 percent have received the second dose. Among states, Maharashtra administered the most vaccine doses at 2.23 crore, followed by Uttar Pradesh at 1.80 crore and Gujarat at 1.69 crore.
India now has 20,26,092 active cases with a fall of 88,416 cases in 24 hours, as per the May 31 update. Karnataka has the highest number of active cases at 3,42,031 in the country followed by Tamil Nadu at 3,05,546 and Maharashtra at 2,74,601. These three states account for nearly 46 percent of active cases in the country.
Tamil Nadu reported the most new cases at 28,864 in the last 24 hours, followed by Karnataka (20,378), Kerala (19,894), Maharashtra (18,600) and Andhra Pradesh (13,400). These five states accounted for 66 percent of all the new cases reported in India.
Maharashtra also reported the most 814 new deaths, as per May 31 update, followed by Tamil Nadu (493), Karnataka (381), Kerala (186) and West Bengal (142). These five states accounted for 64 percent of all the new deaths reported across the country.
Only Dadra and Nagar Haveli/Daman and Diu did not report any deaths today.
The total recoveries in India now stand over 2.56 crore with the recovery rate at 91.6 percent. Tamil Nadu recorded the most 32,982 new recoveries, followed by Kerala (29,013), Karnataka (28,053), Maharashtra (22,532) and Andhra Pradesh (21,133).
Total COVID-19 deaths in India now stand at 3,29,100 as per May 31 update. The mortality rate is now at 1.2 percent with Punjab reporting the highest (2.6 percent). Over 16 lakh daily tests reported on May 30 with more than 34.48 crore tests carried out to date.
Globally, more than 17.10 crore COVID-19 cases have been recorded to date with 35.56 lakh deaths. Over 1.41 crore active cases have been reported across the world as on date with the US accounting for the most (39 percent), followed by India (14 percent).