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Health Ministry deploys teams in Punjab, Chandigarh to help review public health measures

The two-member Central teams will guide the Punjab government and Chandigarh administration in effectively addressing challenges related to timely diagnosis and follow up, the Union Health Ministry said.

September 06, 2020 / 02:04 PM IST
Representative Image

Representative Image

The Centre is deploying high-level teams to Punjab and Chandigarh for 10 days to assist their administrations in managing the COVID-19 situation.

According to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, these teams will help strengthen public health measures for containment, surveillance, testing and efficient clinical management of COVID-19 patients with the aim to reduce fatalities.

The two-member teams will also guide the state and Union Territory administrations in effectively addressing challenges related to timely diagnosis and follow up.

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The teams comprise a community medicine expert from Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh and an epidemiologist from National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC).

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COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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As of September 6, Punjab had reported a total of 61,527 COVID-19 cases. Of these, 15,870 were categorised as “active” by the state. The state has registered 1,739 deaths. The Union Health Ministry said that Punjab was testing 37,546 persons per 10 lakh population – above India’s average figure of 34,593. The state’s positivity rate stands at 4.9 percent.

Chandigarh had reported 5,502, including 2,143 active cases.

Check the full coronavirus state-wise tally for September 6 here

India has so far recorded more than 41.1 lakh cases COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus. Of these, over 8.6 lakh are active cases while more than 31.8 lakh patients have recovered. The death toll from the infectious disease stands at 70,626.

With more than 8.6 lakh COVID-19 cases, Maharashtra has reported the highest infections so far followed by Andhra Pradesh (4.8 lakh) and Tamil Nadu (4.5 lakh).

Click here for Moneycontrol’s full coverage of the novel coronavirus pandemic
Moneycontrol News
first published: Sep 6, 2020 02:04 pm

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