Roy is best remembered for campaigning against Sati, polygamy, infanticide, child marriage and the caste system.
Google honoured the 246th birth anniversary of social reformer Raja Ram Mohan Roy with a doodle on Tuesday.
Roy is best remembered for putting up a fighting against Sati — a practice where widowed wives would immolate themselves on the funeral pyres of their husbands.
He also championed an end to polygamy, infanticide, child marriage and the caste system. Roy also sought to secure property rights as part of the inheritance for women as well as the right to remarry.
Roy was born on May 22, 1772, in the erstwhile Bengal Presidency. He was known to be familiar with several languages including Persian and Arabic, and had a deep understanding of Hindu scripture. In reaction to the prevalent practices in Hinduism at the time, Roy formed the Brahmo Samaj in 1828.
The Samaj believed in the worship of a single and supreme god whose worship was not fixed by any place or time. Roy also served with British East India Company and was an important figure to forward education.
He helped set up the Hindu College, now known as the Presidency college, the Anglo-Hindu School and the Vedanta College. Roy died in 1833 near Bristol.Roy shares his birthday with Sir Arthur Conan Doyle — the author famous for creating the legendary detective Sherlock Holmes. The creator of the famous Tintin comics, Georges Prosper Remi, known as "Herge" was also born on this day.