Karnataka Chief Minister BS Yediyurappa on April 26 announced that his government will provide COVID-19 vaccines free of cost to citizens between 18 and 44 years of age.
Free vaccine doses will be administered at the state government’s vaccination centres, Yediyurappa said in a tweet.
The Centre’s vaccination drive for citizens above 45 years of age will continue, the chief minister further said. “I urge all eligible to register themselves from April 28,” he added.
Earlier in the day, the Karnataka government also announced that a 'COVID curfew' will be implemented across the state for a 14-day period. The curfew will come into force at 9 pm on April 27. All essential shops will be allowed to function from 6 am to 10 am.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.
Everyone above 18 years of age will be eligible to get vaccinated against COVID-19 from May 1, the central government had announced on April 19 as it liberalised the vaccination drive to allow states, private hospitals and industrial establishments to procure the doses directly from manufacturers.
Registration for the same on the purpose-built CoWIN platform will begin on April 28. The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare said on April 25 that no walk-in facilities will be available for the 18-45 age group initially. Those aged above 45 years can continue to avail the on-site registration facility to get their COVID-19 vaccine jab.
India has granted emergency use approval to three COVID-19 vaccines -- Covishiled, Covaxin and Sputnik V. All three jabs have a two-dose regimen.
Several states including Gujarat, Rajasthan, Telangana, Odisha, Tamil Nadu and Delhi, among others have said they will provide free vaccination to eligible beneficiaries in this age group. Maharashtra has also hinted the same.Follow Moneycontrol’s full coverage of the coronavirus pandemic here