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COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker: Over 88.13 lakh doses administered in India on August 16

Kerala's Wayanad has become the first district in Kerala to complete the administration of the first dose of vaccine to all above the age of 18 years.

August 17, 2021 / 10:10 AM IST
On the 213th day of the COVID-19 vaccination drive, 70.76 lakh beneficiaries received their first shot and 17.37 lakh people were given their second dose.(Representative image: Reuters)

On the 213th day of the COVID-19 vaccination drive, 70.76 lakh beneficiaries received their first shot and 17.37 lakh people were given their second dose.(Representative image: Reuters)

More than 88.13 lakh vaccine doses were administered in India on August 16, the Union Health Ministry's latest provisional report suggested. With that, the cumulative number of COVID-19 vaccine doses administered in the country crossed 55.47 crore.

On the 213th day of the vaccination drive on August 16, 70.76 lakh beneficiaries received their first shot and 17.37 lakh people were given their second dose.

The country took 85 days to touch the figure of 10 crore. It then took 45 days to cross the 20-crore mark and 29 more days to reach 30 crore. India took another 24 days to reach 40 crore and 20 more days to cross 50 crore vaccinations, Union Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya has said.

The government has revised the gap between the two doses for the Oxford-AstraZeneca's Covishield, manufactured by the Serum Institute of India (SII), to 12-16 weeks. However, the interval for the second dose of Bharat Biotech's Covaxin remains unchanged, i.e. four weeks.

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COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the nationwide vaccination drive on January 16, with healthcare workers at the frontline of India's COVID-19 battle getting their first jabs. The country began the second phase of the vaccination drive from March 1, in which, everyone above 60 years of age and those over 45 years with comorbidities could start getting the vaccine.

From April 1, vaccination was opened for everyone aged 45 and above with or without comorbidities.

India rolled out the third phase of its COVID-19 vaccination drive for those in the 18-44 age group on May 1.

The central government has 'liberalised' the vaccination drive to allow states, private hospitals, and industrial establishments to procure the doses directly from manufacturers. However, later it announced to provide free COVID-19 vaccines to everyone above the age of 18 years from June 21. The new COVID-19 vaccination policy is a significant shift from the government's 'liberalised and accelerated' policy, announced earlier.

Registration on CoWIN platform for the third phase began on April 28 and is mandatory for the 18-44 age group.

Here are key developments related to the COVID-19 vaccination process:

- Kerala has administered the first dose of COVID vaccine to more than half its population, state Health Minister Veena George said on August 16. She said the government has administered the first dose vaccine to 1,77,88,931 persons till now. Wayanad has become the first district in Kerala to complete the administration of the first dose of vaccine to all above the age of 18 years.

- The Delhi government has ordered the vaccination of staffers working at various institutions under the Directorate of Training and Technical Education (DTTE) since they have been at the forefront of the fight against the pandemic. The DTTE has also issued a list of dedicated vaccination sites where teaching and non-teaching staff can get inoculated.

- In an effort to ramp up the speed of vaccination in the country, the Union Health Ministry has approved another laboratory for testing and lot release of COVID-19 vaccines, it said on the day. The ministry has notified the National Institute of Animal Biotechnology (NIAB) as a Central Drug Laboratory (CDL) for testing and lot release of COVID vaccines, according to an official statement.

- Union Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya, who arrived in Kerala with a central team on the day to review the COVID-19 situation in the state, said the Centre has allocated Rs 267.35 crore to the state to strengthen its health infrastructure and will also provide it 1.11 crore vaccines in August and September. In a tweet, subsequent to his "intensive" meeting with Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan and state Health Minister Veena George, Mandaviya said that besides the Rs 267.35 crore an additional Rs one crore would be made available to each district of Kerala for creating a medicine pool.

Here's the vaccination count for some states:
StatesTotal Beneficiaries
Andhra Pradesh 2,53,51,368
Arunachal Pradesh9,05,843
Bihar 3,06,46,969
Chhattisgarh 1,30,82,774
Goa 14,56,645
Himachal Pradesh 65,52,796
Jharkhand 1,11,02,464
Madhya Pradesh 3,84,32,647
Odisha 1,97,69,269
Tamil Nadu2,71,25,146
Uttar Pradesh 5,98,06,936
West Bengal3,46,01,234

(With inputs from PTI)

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