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COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker: Over 73.76 lakh doses given on October 2

Over 88.14 crore COVID-19 vaccine doses have been provided to states and Union Territories so far through the Centre's free-of-cost channel and direct state procurement category, the Union health ministry said on October 2

October 03, 2021 / 10:14 AM IST
On the 260th day of the COVID-19 vaccination drive, 37.6 lakh beneficiaries received their first shot and 36.16 lakh their second dose. (Representative image)

On the 260th day of the COVID-19 vaccination drive, 37.6 lakh beneficiaries received their first shot and 36.16 lakh their second dose. (Representative image)

More than 73.76 lakh COVID-19 vaccine doses were administered in India on October 2, taking the total number of jabs to over 90.51 crore, the Union Health Ministry's latest report has said.

On the 260th day of the vaccination drive, 37.6 lakh beneficiaries received their first shot and 36.16 lakh their second dose.

After a slow start, India’s vaccination drive has picked up in the last few weeks. It took the country 85 days to give the first 10 crore doses. The next 10 crore took 45 days and in another 29 days, India touched the 30-crore mark.

The country took 24 days to reach 40 crore and 20 days to cross 50-crore doses on August 6. By September 13, 75 crore COVID-19 vaccines had been given. The biggest jump, however, came on September 17, when more than 2.1 crore doses were given in a day.

The government has revised the gap between the two doses for the Oxford-AstraZeneca's Covishield, manufactured by the Serum Institute of India (SII), to 12-16 weeks. However, the interval for the second dose of Bharat Biotech's Covaxin remains unchanged at four weeks.

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COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the nationwide vaccination drive on January 16, with healthcare workers at the frontline of India's COVID-19 battle getting their first jabs. The next phase of vaccination commenced from March 1 for people over 60 years and those aged 45 and above with specified co-morbid conditions. From April 1, the drive was expanded to include all aged 45 and above.

The government then decided to expand the vaccination drive by allowing everyone above 18 to be vaccinated from May 1

Here are key developments related to the COVID-19 vaccination:

- Over 88.14 crore COVID-19 vaccine doses have been provided to states and Union Territories so far through the Centre's free-of-cost channel and direct state procurement category, the Union health ministry said on October 2. More than 5.28 crore unutilised vaccine doses are still available with the states/UTs.

- All the barriers to register Russia's Sputnik V COVID-19 vaccine with the World Health Organization (WHO) have been cleared and only some paperwork remains to be completed, Russian Health Minister Mikhail Murashko said on the day. The Sputnik V shot, widely used in Russia and approved for use in over 70 countries, is undergoing a review by the WHO and the European Medicines Agency (EMA). Their approval could open up new markets for the shot, especially in Europe.

- California will become the first US state to require COVID-19 vaccinations for children to attend public and private schools in person in a mandate that could effect millions of students.

- The countries that are included on the UK's COVID-19 vaccine eligibility list for international travel are kept under constant review, said British government sources, in the backdrop of India taking reciprocal action against the UK's new international travel norms that do not recognise Indian vaccine certification. The British government is yet to officially respond to India's plans to impose quarantine restrictions on vaccinated British travellers from Monday, in a retaliatory move against India not being recognised on a list of 18 vaccine-eligible countries.

Here is the vaccination count for states/UTs:
StatesTotal Beneficiaries
Andhra Pradesh4,22,03,124
Arunachal Pradesh11,83,952
Assam2,47,94,562
Bihar 5,72,78,094
Chandigarh 13,62,067
Chhattisgarh1,85,21,695
Delhi1,82,02,932
Goa 19,48,748
Gujarat6,13,94,707
Haryana 2,33,56,484
Himachal Pradesh84,44,392
Jammu and Kashmir1,17,77,253
Jharkhand 1,79,73,171
Karnataka 5,69,07,801
Kerala 3,58,67,265
Madhya Pradesh6,39,28,707
Maharashtra8,35,32,081
Odisha3,12,08,139
Punjab1,96,15,995
Rajasthan 5,66,13,365
Tamil Nadu 4,76,98,052
Telangana2,63,34,510
Uttar Pradesh 10,91,52,448
Uttarakhand1,05,59,767
West Bengal 5,87,06,738
(With inputs from PTI)
Moneycontrol News
first published: Oct 3, 2021 10:14 am

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