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COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker: Over 41.36 lakh jabs given on October 19, India closes in on 100 crore shots

As the country inches close to the 100-crore doses mark, the government is encouraging states and union territories to step up administering the second dose

October 20, 2021 / 09:31 AM IST
On the 277th day of the COVID-19 vaccination drive, 18.62 lakh people received their first shot and 22.73 lakh their second dose. (Representative image: Reuters)

On the 277th day of the COVID-19 vaccination drive, 18.62 lakh people received their first shot and 22.73 lakh their second dose. (Representative image: Reuters)

India administered more than 41.36 lakh COVID-19 vaccine doses in the last 24 hours, taking the vaccination count to over 99.12 crore, inching close to the 100-crore mark, the Union Health Ministry update on October 20 shows.

On the 277th day of the nationwide vaccination drive, 18.62 lakh people received their first shot and 22.73 lakh their second dose.

The vaccination drive has picked pace over the last few weeks. It took the country 85 days to give the first 10 crore doses, the next 10 crore took 45 days and, in another 29 days, India touched the 30-crore mark.

By the next 24 days, the count reached 40 crore and in the following 20 days, it crossed 50-crore mark on August 6. By September 13, 75 crore vaccines had been given. The biggest jump, however, came on September 17, when more than 2.1 crore doses were given in a day.

The government has revised the gap between the two doses for the Oxford-AstraZeneca's Covishield, manufactured by the Serum Institute of India (SII), to 12-16 weeks. However, the interval for the second dose of Bharat Biotech's Covaxin remains unchanged at four weeks.


COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the nationwide vaccination drive on January 16, with healthcare workers at the frontline of India's COVID-19 battle getting their first jabs. The next phase started on March 1 for people over 60 years and those aged 45 and above with specified co-morbid conditions. From April 1, the drive was expanded to include all aged 45 and above.

The government then decided to expand the vaccination drive by allowing everyone above 18 to be vaccinated from May 1.

Here are some major developments related to vaccination:

- The cumulative number of COVID-19 vaccine doses administered in the country crossed 99 core on October 19, the Union health ministry said. More than 37 lakh (37,92,737) vaccine doses were administered till 7 pm, it said.

- Highlighting that the nation is close to administering a billion COVID-19 vaccine doses, the Centre has urged states and Union Territories to focus on increasing the coverage of the second dose.

- India will soon create history by achieving the target of vaccinating over 100 crore people against COVID-19, Union Minister of State for Health Bharati Pawar said in Mumbai. Addressing a press conference, Pawar said vaccination was going on on a war footing in and she attributed the pace to teamwork.

- COVID-19 vaccines and prior coronavirus infections can provide broad immunity against other, similar coronaviruses, according to a study. The findings, published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, build a rationale for universal coronavirus vaccines that could prove useful in the face of future epidemics.

-India  India has delayed committing supplies of vaccine to the COVAX global sharing platform, two sources told Reuters on October 19, a day after one of its key backers, the WHO, said the agency could not "cut corners" to approve a domestically developed vaccine. The world's biggest vaccine maker resumed exports of COVID-19 doses this month for the first time since April. India has sent about 4 million to countries such as neighbouring Bangladesh and Iran, but none to COVAX.

- British Prime Minister Boris Johnson on the day singled out Mumbai-headquartered pharmaceutical and biotech company Wockhardt for praise among companies behind the country's successful COVID-19 vaccine rollout.

Here is the vaccination count for states/UTs
StatesTotal Beneficiaries
Andhra Pradesh4,77,28,693
Arunachal Pradesh 12,60,846
Assam 2,65,46,907
Chhattisgarh 2,03,05,796
Haryana 2,49,12,575
Himachal Pradesh88,03,652
Jammu and Kashmir 1,39,01,180
Kerala 3,74,80,054
Madhya Pradesh6,67,91,915
Odisha 3,46,67,537
Punjab 2,14,35,538
Tamil Nadu5,34,97,377
Uttar Pradesh12,08,84,032
West Bengal6,82,34,821
(With inputs from PTI)
Moneycontrol News
first published: Oct 20, 2021 09:31 am

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