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COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker: Over 31 lakh people in India get jabbed on April 22, 13.54 crore shots administered so far

More than 13.54 crore COVID-19 vaccine doses have been administered across India so far.

April 23, 2021 / 09:05 AM IST
Govt has allowed COVID-19 vaccination for all aged 18 years and above from May 1. (Representative image)

Govt has allowed COVID-19 vaccination for all aged 18 years and above from May 1. (Representative image)

As many as 31.47 lakh COVID-19 vaccine doses were administered in India on April 22, according to the Union Health Ministry's latest provisional report.

With that, more than 13.54 crore COVID-19 vaccine doses have been administered across the country so far. On April 22, 19.25 lakh beneficiaries received their first shot and 12.21 lakh people were given their second dose. This included healthcare and frontline workers, people aged over 60 and beneficiaries above the age of 45 with or without comorbidities.

The government had earlier revised the gap between the two doses for the Oxford-AstraZeneca's Covishield, being manufactured by the Serum Institute of India, to six-eight weeks. However, the interval for the second dose of Bharat Biotech's Covaxin remains unchanged.

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the nationwide vaccination drive on January 16, with healthcare workers at the frontline of India's COVID-19 battle getting their first jabs.

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COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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The country began the second phase of the vaccination drive from March 1 in which everyone above 60 years of age and those over 45 years with comorbidities could start getting the vaccine.

From April 1, vaccination was opened for everyone above the age of 45 with or without comorbidities.

Everyone above 18 years of age will be eligible to get vaccinated against COVID-19 from May 1, the central government announced on April 19 as it liberalised the vaccination drive to allow states, private hospitals and industrial establishments to procure the doses directly from manufacturers.

Here are key developments related to the COVID-19 vaccination process:

> Jharkhand Chief Minister Hemant Soren on April 22 said that his government will provide COVID-19 vaccine to people above 18 years of age for free. Soren's statement came after the Centre announced a 'liberalised' policy making all adults above 18 years of age eligible to get inoculated from May 1 and allowing state governments and private hospitals to purchase vaccines from manufacturers.

> Over 1,700 doses of COVID-19 vaccine that were stolen from a government hospital in Haryana's Jind district were returned hours later by the unidentified thief with a note that stated that he did not know that these were coronavirus jabs. A total of 1,270 doses of Covishield and 440 doses of Covaxin were stolen from the hospital, SHO of Civil Lines police station Rajender Singh said on the day.

> The Himachal Pradesh government on the day said it will provide COVID vaccine free of cost to people between 18 and 44 years from May 1. Following a meeting of the state cabinet chaired by Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur, Parliamentary Affairs Minister Suresh Bhardwaj told reporters that the decision was made keeping in mind the welfare of the general public although it would be a huge burden on the exchequer.

> The Karnataka government decided on the day to purchase 1 crore doses of Covishield vaccine at a cost of Rs 400 crore.

> The Civil Aviation Ministry on the day permitted the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) to conduct a feasibility study on using drones to deliver COVID-19 vaccine, according to an official statement. The ICMR will conduct this study in collaboration with Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur, the ministry's press release said.

> Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel has sought information from Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the availability and cost of vaccines to be provided to the state for the third phase of the vaccination drive commencing May 1.

Here's the vaccination count in some states:
StatesTotal Beneficiaries
Andhra Pradesh53,30,080
Arunachal Pradesh1,97,578
Assam19,00,839
Bihar61,71,493
Chandigarh1,63,872
Chhattisgarh52,13,264
Delhi28,55,750
Goa 2,81,429
Gujarat 1,10,99,586
Haryana33,45,415
Himachal Pradesh 14,51,370
Jharkhand 29,02,019
Karnataka81,91,052
Kerala65,04,117
Madhya Pradesh 77,38,469
Maharashtra 1,36,75,149
Odisha53,99,333
Punjab 27,15,479
Rajasthan 1,18,36,328
Tamil Nadu50,76,978
Telangana36,06,921
Uttar Pradesh 1,14,41,728
Uttarakhand 17,67,551
West Bengal 95,58,932

(With inputs from PTI)

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first published: Apr 23, 2021 09:05 am

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