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COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker: Over 16.38 lakh people get the jab on April 4, 7.91 crore shots given so far

From April 1, COVID-19 vaccination launched for everyone above the age of 45.

April 05, 2021 / 09:06 AM IST
COVID-19 vaccination in India (Representative image)

COVID-19 vaccination in India (Representative image)

As many as 16,38,464 doses of coronavirus vaccines were administered in India on April 4, according Union Health Ministry's latest provisional report, as the country widens the vaccination drive to include everyone above the age of 45 to contain spiralling infections.

More than 7.91 crore beneficiaries have been vaccinated for COVID-19 so far. On April 4, 15,40,676 beneficiaries were given the first shot, while 97,788 people received their second doses, the report said. It included healthcare workers, frontline workers, people aged above 60 and beneficiaries above the age of 45 with or without co-morbidities.

The second dose is being given to those who have completed 28 days after receiving the first shot. The emergency use approval granted by the Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) allows four-six weeks for the second dose to be administered.

The government recently revised the gap for the Oxford-AstraZeneca's Covishield, being manufactured by the Serum Institute of India, to six-eight weeks but the interval for Bharat Biotech's Covaxin remains unchanged.

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COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the nationwide vaccination drive on January 16, with healthcare workers at the frontline of India's COVID-19 battle getting their first jabs.

The country began the second phase of the vaccination drive from March 1 in which everyone above 60 years of age and those over 45 years with comorbidities can get the vaccine.

From April 1, vaccination launched for everyone above the age of 45.

Here are all developments related to the COVID-19 vaccine in India:

> As many as 34,304 vaccine doses were administered across Haryana on April 4, taking the total number of shots given so far to 18.68 lakh, officials said. The Haryana Health Department has set up 524 vaccination centres across the state, they said, adding most of the beneficiaries were above 45 years. According to the data, so far 1,89,767 healthcare and 1,19,586 frontline workers have been administered the first dose of vaccine, while 1,14,157 healthcare and 42,455 frontline workers have been administered the second dose. While 10,08,390 senior citizens have been administered the first dose, 6,548 above 60 years have been given the second dose of the vaccine. Within the age group of 45 to 60 years the first dose of the vaccine has been given to 3,85,289 beneficiaries and the second dose to 1,938 people, officials said.

> A woman, whose age according to her Aadhaar card is 118 years, has received her first dose of COVID-19 vaccine in Sagar district of Madhya Pradesh. She was administered the dose at an inoculation facility in Khimlasa area.

> After a controversy arose over reports of a woman purportedly getting two shots of an anti-Covid vaccine in one go at a primary health centre in Akbarpur area of Kanpur Dehat district, health officials claimed that only one dose was administered. The condition of a woman, who was allegedly administered two shots of the vaccine, is stable, officials said. A senior official, meanwhile, ruled out the possibility of two doses being given in one go.

Here is the state-wise vaccination count:
StatesTotal Beneficiaries
Andhra Pradesh30,53,542
Arunachal Pradesh1,06,266
Himachal Pradesh6,33,532
Madhya Pradesh42,27,270
Tamil Nadu31,86,597
Uttar Pradesh67,61,287
West Bengal61,12,805

(With inputs from PTI)

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first published: Apr 5, 2021 09:06 am

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