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COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker: Over 1.1 crore Indians vaccinated so far

The second dose of COVID-19 vaccination is being given to those who have completed 28 days after receiving the first dose.

February 22, 2021 / 08:09 AM IST
Representative image: Reuters

Representative image: Reuters

At least 1,10,85,173 beneficiaries have been vaccinated for COVID-19 through 2,30,888 sessions in India, a provisional report of the Union Health Ministry has said, as the process of giving the second and final dose of the vaccine is underway.

The beneficiaries who have completed 28 days after the first jab are now being given the second dose as well. The DCGI accorded a window of four weeks to six weeks for the second dose.

The total COVID-19 vaccine beneficiaries include 63,91,544 healthcare workers (first dose), 9,60,642 healthcare workers (second dose) and 37,32,987 frontline workers (first dose).

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the vaccination drive with healthcare workers getting their first jabs on January 16.

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COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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India’s drug regulator has approved two vaccines—Covaxin developed by Hyderabad-based Bharat Biotech and Covishield from the Oxford-AstraZeneca stable being manufactured by the Serum Institute of India (SII) —for emergency use in the country.

According to the government, the shots will be offered first to an estimated one crore healthcare workers and around two crore frontline workers and then to persons above 50 years of age followed by persons younger than 50 with associated comorbidities.

Here are all developments related to the COVID-19 vaccine in India:

> Punjab Health Minister Balbir Singh Sidhu has warned healthcare workers who do not get the COVID-19 vaccine shot of not allowing them quarantine leave if they get infected at a later stage. He further said they will have to bear the cost of their treatment.

> Nepal has received the one million doses of Covishield vaccine it bought from India's Serum Institute, in a major boost to the country's fight against the COVID-19 pandemic.

> A total of 1,55,054 people have thus far received the first dose of COVID-19 vaccine across Assam, while 11,118 people were administered the second dose, said the National Health Mission (NHM). Meanwhile, an anganwadi worker, who received the jab on February 8 in neighbouring Lakhimpur district, died due to septicemia and multi-organ failure, but doctors claimed her death is not related to vaccination.

> The Kerala government has asked the Centre to release more doses of COVID 19 vaccine to the state and sought permission for health workers, who missed the opportunity, to register again to receive the shot. State Health Minister KK Shailaja shot off a letter to her counterpart at the Centre, Harsh Vardhan in this regard.

> UN chief Antonio Guterres has voiced appreciation for India's leadership in the global fight against the coronavirus pandemic and its efforts to bring a much-needed supply of the COVID-19 vaccines to the world market.

Here is the state-wise vaccination in the country:
StatesTotal Beneficiaries
Andhra Pradesh4,93,471
Arunachal Pradesh23,743
Assam1,64,309
Bihar5,61,343
Chandigarh13,748
Chhattisgarh3,61,225
Delhi3,11,410
Goa16,183
Gujarat8,82,070
Haryana2,32,295
Himachal Pradesh1,06,973
Jharkhand2,63,959
Karnataka6,54,298
Kerala4,37,893
Madhya Pradesh6,44,583
Maharashtra9,22,728
Odisha5,33,093
Punjab1,36,288
Rajasthan8,21,059
Tamil Nadu3,70,846
Telangana3,68,132
Uttar Pradesh11,52,042
Uttarakhand1,38,054
West Bengal6,83,057

(With inputs from PTI)

Follow our full coverage on COVID-19 here.
Moneycontrol News
first published: Feb 22, 2021 08:09 am

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