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COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker News: 6.31 lakh beneficiaries given coronavirus vaccine so far in India

Total 6.31 lakh people have so far been vaccinated for COVID-19 in India. Of these, 1,77,368 people received the vaccine on January 19.

January 20, 2021 / 08:09 AM IST
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India has started exporting COVID-19 vaccines from January 20, paving the way for many mid-and lower-income countries to get supplies of the easy-to-store Oxford/AstraZeneca drug, of which the Centre said it plans to ship millions of doses within days.

According to the foreign ministry officials, the first doses would go to Bhutan and Maldives. Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar, and Seychelles will also get supplies in this week's first phase, the ministry said.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the vaccination drive with healthcare workers at the frontline of India's COVID-19 battle getting their first jabs on January 16.

India’s drug regulator has approved two vaccines -- Covaxin developed by Bharat Biotech and Covishield from the Oxford/AstraZeneca stable being manufactured by the Serum Institute of India -- for emergency use in the country.

According to the government, the shots will be offered first to an estimated one crore healthcare workers and around two crore frontline workers, and then to persons above 50 years of age, followed by persons younger than 50 years of age with associated comorbidities.

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

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There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

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Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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A total of 6.31 lakh beneficiaries have so far been vaccinated for COVID-19 through 11,660 sessions held till the evening of the fourth day of the immunisation drive, according to a provisional report of the Union Health Ministry.

On January 19, 1,77,368 beneficiaries were vaccinated till 6 pm through 3,800 sessions, the ministry said. Here is the state-wise vaccination on the day:
StatesTotal Beneficiaries
Delhi12,441
Bihar42,085
Assam7,418
Karnataka80,686
Kerala23,855
Madhya Pradesh18,174
Tamil Nadu25,251
Telangana69,405
West Bengal42,093
Gujarat17,581
Uttar Pradesh22,644

Here are all developments related to the COVID-19 vaccine in India:

> At least 13,693 frontline health workers received the Covishield vaccine on January 20 at 200 centres in West Bengal, a senior health department official said. Eleven cases of adverse events following Immunisation (AEFI) were reported, of which 10 cases were minor while only one person in Jhargram was undergoing treatment at the district hospital there, he said.

> The Maharashtra government said that 14,883 healthcare staffers, or 52.68 percent of the targeted beneficiaries for the day, were administered COVID-19 vaccine doses across 274 centres in the state as the inoculation drive resumed after two days.

> An expert panel of India's drug regulator CDSCO has recommended granting permission for conducting phase 1 clinical trial of an intranasal vaccine against COVID-19 developed by Bharat Biotech, official sources said.

> On the third day of the nationwide inoculation drive in Kerala, as many as 8,548 healthcare workers have taken the Covishield vaccine, taking the total vaccinated in the state to 24,558, state health minister KK Shailaja said.

> A total of 232 healthcare workers were vaccinated for COVID-19 in Himachal Pradesh on the day, Special Secretary (Health) Nipun Jindal said.

> SpiceJet has said it transported 122 boxes of COVID-19 vaccine, weighing total 4.1 tonnes, from Pune to five cities across India. This was the second round of COVID-19 vaccine transportation flights operated by SpiceJet, said the airline's spokesperson in a statement. The first round took place on January 12 and 13.

(With inputs from PTI)

Follow our full coverage on COVID-19 here.
Moneycontrol News
first published: Jan 20, 2021 08:09 am

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