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COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker: 6.91 lakh people receive jab on May 16, over 18.29 crore shots administered in India so far

The Centre has revised the gap between the two doses of Covishield COVID-19 vaccine to 12-16 weeks.

May 17, 2021 / 09:01 AM IST
India rolled out the third phase of its COVID-19 vaccination drive for those in the 18-44 age group on May 1. (Representative image)

India rolled out the third phase of its COVID-19 vaccination drive for those in the 18-44 age group on May 1. (Representative image)

More than 6.91 lakh COVID-19 vaccine doses were administered in India on May 16, according to the Union Health Ministry's latest provisional report.

With that, over 18.29 crore COVID-19 vaccine doses have been administered across the country so far. On May 16, 6.14 lakh beneficiaries received their first shot and 76,925 people were given their second dose.

The government has revised the gap between the two doses for the Oxford-AstraZeneca's Covishield, being manufactured by the Serum Institute of India, to 12-16 weeks. However, the interval for the second dose of Bharat Biotech's Covaxin remains unchanged.

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the nationwide vaccination drive on January 16, with healthcare workers at the frontline of India's COVID-19 battle getting their first jabs. The country began the second phase of the vaccination drive from March 1 in which everyone above 60 years of age and those over 45 years with comorbidities could start getting the vaccine.

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COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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From April 1, vaccination was opened for everyone above the age of 45 with or without comorbidities.

India rolled out the third phase of its COVID-19 vaccination drive for those in the 18-44 age group on May 1. The central government has liberalised the vaccination drive to allow states, private hospitals and industrial establishments to procure the doses directly from manufacturers.

Registration on CoWIN platform for the third phase began on April 28 and is mandatory for the 18-44 age group.

Here are key developments related to the COVID-19 vaccination process:

> No COVID vaccine dose was administered in 10 districts of the Kashmir region on May 16 due to a shortage, officials said. State Immunisation Officer Dr Shahid Hussain acknowledged that there was a shortage of vaccines in the valley, but said the Union Territory was hopeful of getting vaccines sooner.

> A total of 85 private hospitals have been allowed to administer COVID-19 vaccines by the Thane Municipal Corporation in order to cover more people quickly, civic officials said on the day.

> Hester Biosciences said on the day that it has tied up with the Gujarat government to explore production of COVID-19 vaccine through technology transfer from Bharat Biotech. The Ahmedabad-based firm said it has already initiated the discussions with Bharat Biotech in this regard.

> As many as 60,000 doses of the second batch of Russia's COVID-19 vaccine Sputnik V landed at Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad on the day, said Dr Reddy's Laboratories.

> Amid a severe vaccine shortage, Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh has directed authorities to explore the possibility of procuring Sputnik V COVID vaccine for inoculating people in the 18-44 age group. Addressing a virtual COVID review meeting on the day, the chief minister said one lakh doses of Covishield, received initially for the 18-44 years category, had almost been completely utilized.

> More than 1.84 crore COVID-19 vaccine doses are still available with states and union territories, while nearly 51 lakh doses are in the pipeline and will be received by them within the next three days, the Union Health Ministry said on the day. The Centre has so far provided more than 20 crore vaccine doses to states and UTs free of cost, it said.

> BJP's Rajya Sabha member Jyotiraditya Scindia said on the day that vaccination was the only way to tackle coronavirus, and 200 crore vaccine doses, enough for all, would be made available in India by December.

Here's the vaccination count for some states:
StatesTotal Beneficiaries
Andhra Pradesh 75,13,031
Arunachal Pradesh2,95,256
Assam33,78,305
Bihar 88,24,306
Chandigarh 2,80,216
Chhattisgarh60,62,047
Delhi45,81,779
Goa 4,36,820
Gujarat1,48,63,551
Haryana 48,56,328
Himachal Pradesh 21,80,999
Jharkhand35,44,955
Karnataka1,11,91,709
Kerala84,15,457
Madhya Pradesh 90,83,720
Maharashtra1,97,33,314
Odisha65,79,069
Punjab 41,48,231
Rajasthan1,51,06,597
Tamil Nadu69,41,944
Telangana54,47,805
Uttar Pradesh1,47,66,904
Uttarakhand 26,21,366
West Bengal 1,25,66,596

(With inputs from PTI)

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first published: May 17, 2021 09:01 am

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