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COVID-19 Vaccination Phase 2: List of comorbidities that allow people above 45 years to register on Co-WIN, get the jab

In phase 2 of the vaccination drive against COVID-19, the vaccine will be administered for free at government facilities and for a charge at a number of private hospitals. Eligible beneficiaries will have to register on Co-WIN platform

March 01, 2021 / 09:23 AM IST
File image: AP

File image: AP

India is set to begin the second phase of the vaccination drive in which everyone above 60 years of age and those over 45 years with comorbidities will be able to get the COVID-19 vaccine from March 1.

In phase 2 of the inoculation drive against coronavirus infection, the vaccine will be administered for free at government facilities. Private hospitals can charge up to Rs 250 per dose of COVID-19 vaccine, the Union Health Ministry has said.

"Rs 250 will be the ceiling -- Rs 150 per dose of vaccine plus Rs 100 service charge. This arrangement will remain effective till further orders," according to an official source.

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In the vaccination drive beginning March 1, around 10,000 private hospitals empanelled under Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojana (AB-PM JAY), more than 600 hospitals empanelled under Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS) and other private hospitals empanelled under State Governments Health Insurance Schemes can participate as COVID vaccination centres (CVCs).

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COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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In addition, there will be government health facilities, which will be used as CVCs such as medical college hospitals, district hospitals, sub-divisional hospitals, community health centres, primary health centres, health sub-centres and health and wellness centres.

Also read | COVID-19 vaccination phase 2: Eligible beneficiaries, how to register, documents required and more

The ministry has also specified 20 comorbidities among people aged between 45 and 59 years who will get the vaccine, which are as follows:

> Heart failure with hospital admission in the past one year

> Post cardiac transplant/ Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD)

> Significant Left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVEF < 40 percent)

> Moderate or Severe Valvular Heart Disease

> Congenital heart disease with severe PAH or Idiopathic PAH

> Coronary Artery Disease with past CABG/ PTCA/ MI and Hypertension/ Diabetes on treatment

> Angina and Hypertension/ Diabetes treatment

> CT/MRI documented stroke and Hypertension/ Diabetes on treatment

> Pulmonary artery hypertension and Hypertension/ Diabetes on treatment

> Diabetes (>10 years or with complication) and Hypertension on treatment

> Kidney/Liver/ Hematopoietic stem cell transplant: Recipient/ On wait-list

> End-stage Kidney Disease on haemodialysis/ CAPD

> Current prolonged use of oral corticosteroids/ immunosuppressant medications

> Decompensated cirrhosis

> Severe respiratory disease with hospitalisations in last two years/ FEVI <50 percent

> Lymphoma/ Leukaemia/ Myeloma

> Diagnosis of any solid cancer on or after July 1, 2020, or currently on any cancer therapy

> Sickle Cell Disease/ Bone marrow failure/ Aplastic Anemia/ Thalassemia Major

> Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases/ HIV infection

Persons with disabilities due to Intellectual disabilities/ Muscular Dystrophy/ Acid attack with the involvement of respiratory system/ Persons with disabilities having high support needs/ Multiple disabilities including deaf-blindness

The certificate of comorbidity, signed by any registered medical practitioner, can either be uploaded on Co-WIN 2.0 by the beneficiary while self-registering or a hard copy can be carried by the beneficiary to the CVC.

Follow our full coverage on COVID-19 here.
Moneycontrol News
first published: Feb 28, 2021 08:35 am

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