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COVID-19 second wave | Kerala government issues new guidelines to improve patient care

All fever clinics that are present in hospitals across the state are now to be converted into COVID clinics, as per the prescribed protocol.

May 09, 2021 / 04:25 PM IST

The Kerela government has issued fresh guidelines to improve patient care during the COVID-19 pandemic.

According to the new norms, all fever clinics that are present in hospitals across the state are now to be converted into COVID clinics, as per the prescribed protocol.

COVID OPs in the state are required to provide any necessary consultation, lab services and medicines for all COVID patients, adhering to protocol.

All government hospitals to focus on managing COVID cases and provide non-COVID emergency services during the surge time until May 31. Instructions regarding this will be provided by the government, it said.

As for Taluka hospitals, they are required to arrange for oxygen beds. Wherever possible, they must also arrange at least 5 beds with Bipap ventilators to provide oxygen support to referred patients.


COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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In case the patient is bedridden, an oxygen concentrator may be arranged for them and home care can be administered as per the advice given. Any other support can be given via the support of palliative volunteers or RRTs at a panchayat.

For patients that are currently under home isolation, the telemedicine units and counsellors of the DMH programmes are advised to ensure calls to patients regularly and assess their health status.

The government has also asked private hospitals in the state to increase COVID oxygen and ICU beds to a minimum of 50 percent capacity. It has also asked that these establishments start COVID OP with necessary investigations and treatments.

Read the full list of regulations here:


Moneycontrol News
first published: May 9, 2021 04:25 pm

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