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Last Updated : Oct 09, 2020 08:04 PM IST | Source: Moneycontrol.com

Coronavirus wrap October 9 | State of emergency declared in Madrid; Russia might register second potential COVID vaccine

Globally, there have been over 3.62 crore confirmed cases of COVID-19. More than 10.54 lakh people have died so far.

India has recorded more than 69.06 lakh cases of the novel coronavirus and 1,06,490 deaths. Of these, more than 8.9 lakh are active cases while over 59 lakh have recovered.

With over 14.9 lakh cases, Maharashtra's COVID-19 tally remains the highest among Indian states and union territories, according to the Union Health Ministry's latest update.

The health ministry updates its numbers a day after states release their data.


Globally, there have been over 3.62 crores of confirmed COVID-19 cases. More than 10.54 lakh people have died so far.

COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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Here are all the latest updates:

>> The Maharashtra government told the Bombay High Court that it does not have any objection to now increase the frequency of local trains in Mumbai and said the services may be used by the general public provided they wear masks and follow social distancing norms.

>> Moderna has said it would not enforce patents related to its experimental COVID-19 vaccine while the pandemic continues, a move that would allow other drugmakers to develop shots using the company's technology.

>> Sanitisation of rides, staggered timings, allowing 50 percent seating capacity at theatres and food courts, natural ventilation while keeping swimming pools closed are some of the government's guidelines on preventive measures to be followed in entertainment parks and similar places to contain the spread of COVID-19.

>> The Spanish government invoked a state of emergency to impose a partial lockdown on Madrid, one of Europe's worst COVID-19 hotspots, after a court had struck down the measures, state TV reports said.

>> Next year's Tokyo marathon has been rescheduled from March to until after the delayed Olympics due to the ongoing concerns caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, organisers said on Friday.

>> Russia is expected to register a second potential vaccine against COVID-19 on October 15, the vaccine’s developer said on October 9. The vaccine has been developed by Siberia’s Vector Institute, which completed early-stage human trials of the vaccine last month.

>> More than 1,800 students and staff from universities across the north-east of England, currently under tougher localised lockdowns, tested positive for coronavirus over the past week.

>> China joined the COVAX alliance for the global distribution of its COVID-19 vaccines.
First Published on Oct 9, 2020 08:04 pm