Amid the coronavirus pandemic that has hit the country, Gujarat has reported 3,774 COVID-19 cases, according to the official website of the state’s Health and Family Welfare Department.
Ahmedabad tops the chart in the state with 2,543 cases, followed by Surat (570) and Vadodara (255). These three districts account for nearly 90 percent of the total coronavirus positive cases in Gujarat.
Apart from these three, districts of Anand (60), Rajkot (55), Bhavnagar (41), Gandhinagar (36), Bharuch (31), Banaskantha (28), Panchmahal (20), Botad (19), Aravalli (18), Patan (17), Chhota Udaipur (13), Narmada (12) and Mahisagar (10) have reported cases in double digits.
However, there are three out of 33 districts in Gujarat that have not reported even a single coronavirus case. These districts are Amreli, Devbhoomi Dwarka and Junagadh, according to the state health department data.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.
The government is carrying out coronavirus testing in the three districts and thousands of people have been quarantined.
According to the government data, 516 people have been tested in Amreli, 198 in Devbhoomi Dwarka and 388 in Junagadh. As many as 3,531, 902 and 1,630 people are under quarantine in the three districts, respectively.
The death toll in Gujarat stands at 181. Of these, Ahmedabad records 128 deaths.
The total number of people discharged after recovering from COVID-19 in the state is 434 so far. Among those who have recovered from the coronavirus infection is a 90-year-old man from Bhavnagar who was undergoing treatment at the hospital since April 5 and was on oxygen support, according to Principal Secretary (Health) Jayanti Ravi.
Other patients included a woman from Kutch who remained in the hospital for nearly 36 days and tested positive repeatedly ten times before finally testing negative, she said.Follow our full coverage on COVID-19 here.