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Last Updated : May 18, 2020 05:49 PM IST | Source: Moneycontrol.com

Coronavirus pandemic | Lockdown 4.0 guidelines: How it’s different from 3.0 and what remains unchanged

Lockdown 4.0 guidelines: India has been under lockdown since March 24. However, restrictions have been eased considerably in the fourth phase of lockdown.


In a bid to contain the spread of the novel coronavirus pandemic, the Centre on May 17 extended the nationwide lockdown till May 31.

India has been under lockdown since March 24 and this will be the fourth phase. But, there were considerable easing of restrictions this time.

So, how is Lockdown 4.0 different from Lockdown 3.0?

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What has changed:

COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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> States and UTs have been asked to define red, orange and green zones based on guidelines issued by the Union Health Ministry.
> Inter-state movement of passenger vehicles and buses with mutual consent of the states and Union Territories. This was not possible earlier.
> Sports complexes and stadiums will be allowed to remain open. But, spectators will not be allowed.
> All shops, except those in shopping malls, can re-open. However, they have to adhere to social distancing norms. Local authorities have been asked to ensure that shops and markets open with staggered timings.

> The Aarogya Setu mobile application is no longer mandatory. However, the government is advising its use for contact-tracing purpose. However, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has said: “With a view to ensure safety in offices and work places, employers on best effort basis should ensure that the application is installed by all employees having compatible mobile phones.”

Also read | Lockdown 4.0: All your questions answered

What remains unchanged:

> The guidelines also state that night curfew between 7.00 pm and 7.00 am will continue, with the exception of essential activities.
> Vulnerable persons, i.e., those above 65 years of age, persons with co-morbidities, pregnant women and children below the age of 10 years, shall stay at home, except for meeting essential requirements and for health purposes.
> Cinema halls, gymnasiums, swimming pools, shopping malls, theatres, bars and auditoriums shall remain closed.
> Schools, colleges and coaching institutions will remain closed. The guidelines encourage online teaching.
> Hotels and hospitality services to remain closed. Restaurants can remain open only for home delivery.
> Domestic and international air travel, except those which are permitted.
> Metro rail service.
> All will have to wear face masks in public places and offices.
> Spitting in public remains a punishable offence.

> All religious places of worship will remain closed. Religious congregations remain strictly prohibited.

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First Published on May 18, 2020 12:34 pm
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