Around 57 percent of respondents expressed concern about exorbitant charges for COVID-19 treatment at private hospitals, while 46 percent fear of contracting a secondary infection in a government facility, a survey said.
The survey conducted by LocalCircles, a community social media platform, received around 40,000 responses on five questions related to public perception of government and private hospitals for COVID-19 treatment.
It also said that 61 percent of respondents want the government to fix a price cap or standardise coronavirus treatment related room charges in private hospitals.
According to the survey, 46 percent of people expressed concern over catching secondary infection due to crowd and poor adherence to infection prevention control standards in hospitals, while 32 percent highlighted the lack of adequate medical infrastructure, as their topmost concern regarding COVID-19 treatment available in the country.
It said 16 percent of people pointed at long waiting time and inefficiencies as major issues.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.
On being asked where would they prefer to go for treatment if they contracted the disease, 32 percent of respondents said they would prefer a private hospital. While, 22 percent said they would want to go to a government hospital, 32 percent of respondents did not want to go to a hospital, the survey said, adding 14 percent were unsure about it.
When the country started reporting a surge in COVID-19 cases, government hospitals were initially designated to treat such cases. The treatment for the same was made available in private hospitals later.
According to the survey, in Red Zones, especially the high virus load districts, many people expressed concern over limited capacity in private hospitals and long waiting time for admission in government facilities for COVID-19 treatment.
"That explains why 32 percent citizens say they would rather stay home and take treatment at home and not go to the hospitals unless it is an emergency situation," Akshay Gupta, General Manager, LocalCircles said.
On the COVID-19 treatment available in private hospitals, 57 percent of the respondents said exorbitant charges in such facilities was their topmost concern.
Additionally, unnecessary tests, lack of knowledge of COVID-19 treatment protocols and difficulty in getting admission were other major concerns expressed by 26 percent of respondents.
“Even today, many private hospitals, especially in smaller towns, do not break up the charges of rooms, consumables and services, and it is offered as a single package.
"According to the respondents (of the survey), given that COVID-19 is already having a major economic impact on people's lives, most cannot sustain the high cost of treatment. Therefore, need of the hour is for the central and state governments to cap the treatment charges or at least standardise them based on hospital categories or ratings," Gupta said.
He added that the findings of the survey would be submitted to the Union health ministry so that action can be taken against the concerns raised by people.Follow our full coverage of the coronavirus pandemic here.