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Coronavirus Daily Update: COVID-19 cases explained in charts

India reported over 36,000 new cases according to the official update, on December 4. Active cases in India slide further below the 4.2 lakh mark, with a fall of over 6,000 cases in a day. Recoveries now above 90 lakh with a recovery rate of 94.2 percent.

December 04, 2020 / 09:40 PM IST

Source: Reuters

As many as 36,595 new cases of novel coronavirus were reported, with India’s total COVID-19 cases above 95 lakh, as per health ministry’s December 4 update. 

India reported 540 new deaths (above 500-mark for the third day in a row) and 42,916 recoveries in the last 24 hours, the latest release show. After seeing a rise, active cases now continue to drop for the seventh day, to 4,16,082 with a fall of 6,861 cases in a day. 

Kerala reported the most (5,376) new cases in the last 24 hours, followed by Maharashtra (5,182), Delhi (3,734), West Bengal (3,246) and Rajasthan (2,086). These top five states account for more than half (54 percent) of all the new cases in India. 

covid-19-update_Dec 4

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COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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Maharashtra reported the most (115) deaths, followed by Delhi (82), West Bengal (49), Haryana (32), Kerala (31) and Uttar Pradesh (31). These six states account for 63 percent of all the new deaths reported across the country.

About nine states and union territories like Andaman and Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli/Daman and Diu, Ladakh, Mizoram Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura did not report any deaths today. 

India’s recovery rate is now at 94.2 percent. Dadra Nagar Haveli/Daman & Diu record the highest (99.5 percent) recovery rate, while Himachal Pradesh reports the lowest (79.4 percent). In terms of cases, Maharashtra recorded 8,066 new recoveries, the most, followed by Kerala (5,590), Delhi (4,834), West Bengal (3,257) and Rajasthan (3,232). 

covid-19-Dec 4

The total number of COVID-19 cases in India now at 95,71,559 with 90,16,289 recoveries and 1,39,188 deaths as on December 4, 2020. The mortality rate in the country stands at 1.5 percent with Punjab reporting the highest (3.2 percent). More than 11 lakh daily tests were reported on December 3 with more than 14.47 crore tests carried out till date.
Chaitanya Mallapur
first published: Dec 4, 2020 11:08 am

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