The AYUSH Ministry has directed Patanjali Ayurved to stop advertising or publicising claims related to their new coronavirus medicine till the issue is duly examined.
Taking cognizance of Patanjali launching an Ayurvedic medicine, which the company claims can treat COVID-19 in seven days, the AYUSH Ministry said the facts of the claim as well as details of the scientific study are not known to the ministry.
Yoga guru Ramdev's herbal medicine company on June 23 claimed to have discovered a cure for coronavirus in two Ayurved-based medicines – Coronil and Swasari – curing the highly contagious disease within seven days.
The firm claimed that the two medicines have shown 100 percent favourable results during clinical trials on COVID-19 infected patients, except those on life support system.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.
Citing the provisions under Drugs and Magic Remedies (Objectionable Advertisements) Act, 1954, as well as the directives issued by the Centre in the wake of the novel coronavirus outbreak, the AYUSH Ministry asked Patanjali Ayurved to provide the details of the name and composition of the medicines "at the earliest".
The ministry also asked Ramdev's firm to provide details of the site or hospital, where the research study was conducted for COVID-19; the protocol, sample size, Institutional Ethics Committee clearance, CTRI registration and results data of the study.
The AYUSH Ministry has requested the concerned State Licensing Authority of Uttarakhand government to provide copies of the licence and product approval details of the Ayurvedic medicines being claimed for the treatment of COVID -19.