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Last Updated : Sep 17, 2020 01:27 PM IST | Source: PTI

Aiming to bring down mortality rate to less than 1%: Health Minister Harsh Vardhan

Replying to a debate in the Rajya Sabha, he said India''s recovery rate of 78-79 percent is one of the highest in the world.

PTI

Health Minister Harsh Vardhan on Thursday said India''s COVID-19 mortality rate at 1.64 percent is lowest in the world and the government is targeting to bring it down to less than 1 percent.

Replying to a debate in the Rajya Sabha, he said India''s recovery rate of 78-79 percent is one of the highest in the world.

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He said though total cases may have crossed 50 million, active cases are less than 20 percent.

COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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Deaths in India due to coronavirus pandemic are less than many nations in Europe, he said, adding the government was determined to cross the US in testing rate as well.
First Published on Sep 17, 2020 01:09 pm
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