Uttar Pradesh's Kanpur has reported 123 cases of Zika virus so far, Lucknow reported three and Kannauj one, a senior official has said.
“A total of 123 cases of Zika virus have been reported in Kanpur district so far, out of which 96 cases are active,” reported news agency ANI citing additional chief secretary (health) Amit Mohan Prasad.
Prasad has instructed the officials concerned to take all measures to check spread of the disease. "We are taking necessary steps and doing contact tracing,” he added.
During his visit to Kanpur on November 10, Chief Minister Yogi Adityanth held discussions with the district and health authorities and reviewed the efforts to deal with the Zika virus in the district.
What is Zika virus and how does it transmits?
Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus. It is primarily transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito from the Aedes genus, mainly Aedes aegypti, in tropical and subtropical regions.
Aedes mosquitoes usually bite during the day. This is the same mosquito that transmits dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever.
It is transmitted from mother to fetus during pregnancy, through sexual contact, transfusion of blood and blood products, and organ transplantation.
The symptoms of Zika virus are generally mild including fever, rash, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise, and headache, and usually last for 2 to 7 days, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
As per the international health body, the incubation period, or the time from exposure to symptoms, is estimated to be 3 to 14 days.
The disease may be suspected based on symptoms of persons living in or visiting areas with Zika virus transmission and/or Aedes mosquito vectors. A diagnosis of Zika virus infection can only be confirmed by laboratory tests of blood or other body fluids, such as urine or semen.
TreatmentUnfortunately, there is no vaccine or treatment currently available for Zika virus infection or its associated diseases, said WHO.