In charts | What you need to know about India's COVID-19 surge right now

India reported more than 1,26,000 COVID-19 new cases on April 8, the highest since the outbreak. Active cases have risen to 9.10 lakh while more than 9.01 crore vaccine doses have been administered so far.

April 08, 2021 / 12:12 PM IST

India reported 1,26,789 new coronavirus infections, the highest since the outbreak, in the last 24 hours, the health ministry’s April 8 update shows, taking the country's COVID-19 tally to above 1.29 crore.

In a single day, India's cases are up by 10 percent. India also reported 685 new deaths and 59,258 recoveries during the period, the data shows. More than 9.01 crore vaccine doses have been administered so far, with 29,79,292 new jabs given in the last 24 hours. 

Of the total jabs, 87 percent are first doses, while 13 percent are second doses. Maharashtra has administered the most 8.9 million doses followed by Rajasthan (8.3 million) and Gujarat (8.1 million).

India now has 9,10,319 active cases, with an increase of 66,846 cases (an all-time high) in 24 hours as per the April 8 update. Maharashtra continues to reports the highest (5,02,982 or 55 percent) active cases in the country followed by Chhattisgarh (58,883) and Karnataka (49,273).

April8_covid-charts

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COVID-19 Vaccine

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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Maharashtra reported the most (59,907 or 47 percent) new cases in the last 24 hours followed by Chhattisgarh (10,310), Karnataka (6,976), Uttar Pradesh (6,002) and Delhi (5,506). These five states account for 70 percent of all the new cases reported in India.

Maharashtra also reported the most 322, or 47 percent, new deaths followed by Punjab (62), Chhattisgarh (53), Uttar Pradesh (40) and Karnataka (35). These five states account for 75 percent of all the new deaths reported across the country.

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About 13 states and union territories did not report any deaths. These include Andaman and Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Dadra and Nagar Haveli/Daman and Diu, Ladakh, Lakshadweep, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura.

India’s recovery rate further slipped to 91.7 percent, positivity rate is at 10.24 percent. Maharashtra recorded the most 30,296 new recoveries, followed by Chhattisgarh (3,819), Delhi (3,363), Punjab (2,959) and Karnataka (2,794).

covid-charts_April8

The total recoveries in India are now over 1.18 crore, while total deaths stand at 1,66,862 as per April 8 update. The mortality rate in the country is at 1.3 percent with Punjab reporting the highest (2.8 percent). More than 12 lakh daily tests were reported on April 7 with more than 25.26 crore tests carried out till date.

covid-charts (2)_April8

Despite the high number of cases and deaths reported by India, the country fares better when compared with other nations in terms of per million population.
Chaitanya Mallapur
first published: Apr 8, 2021 12:11 pm

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