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COVID-19 Omicron Cases: 9 more test positive in Rajasthan; India's total tally at 21

State's Health Secretary Vaibhav Galriya confirmed 9 people have been found infected, after their samples were sent for genome sequencing. A few hours ago seven people were found positive from Maharashtra.

December 05, 2021 / 09:29 PM IST
Representative Image (Image: AFP)

Representative Image (Image: AFP)

Soon after 7 people had tested positive with the Omicron variant in Maharashtra, now 9 more people have tested positive with the Variant of Concern (VoC) from Jaipur, Rajasthan on December 5.

State's Health Secretary Vaibhav Galriya confirmed 9 people from the same family from South Africa, were found infected after their samples were sent for genome sequencing. The total cases now stand at 21 in India, as of  December 5.

Galeria in an official statement informed that the department had already got the four members of the family from South Africa admitted to Rajasthan University of Health Sciences (RUHS). Five other people who came in contact with the infected were found COVID positive, post which they were admitted as well.

He said that samples of 34 people who came in contact with the family from South Africa were taken, out of which 9 people have been found positive with the new variant of corona infection, while the remaining 25 people are negative.

He also mentioned a family of Ajitgarh in Sikar district had also come in contact with the family. The department traced all those 8 people in Sikar, all of whom have been found negative. The health secretary further informed that contract tracing is being done on a large scale for all who came in contact.

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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Earlier today, seven people from Maharashtra had tested positive, taking the total count in the state to 8 cases of the Omicron variant. Other than Maharashtra, Karnataka detected India's first two cases, followed by a case in Gujarat's Jamnagar and then a case detected from Delhi's LNJP hospital.
Moneycontrol News
first published: Dec 5, 2021 08:06 pm

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