From time immemorial, appearance has been one of the greatest obsessions of humanity. Whether in personal looks, material possessions or natural surroundings, external facades have always been pivotal points of importance. So it is only natural that, even in the construction of buildings, appearance should play a major role.
Traditionally, architecture and construction in India has been limited to drab buildings, without any spectacular beauty. However, recent years have seen the advent of many modern techniques, such as glass construction, to improve this aspect.
Especially in the metros and IT parks of the country, it is now quite common to see high-rises with glass glazing, which have a modern and sophisticated look. A number of companies have been offering solutions in glass glazing for the Indian construction industry.
From world famous MNCs like Saint Gobain or DM Wall Systems Co. Ltd. to smaller Indian establishments, a plethora of products are being offered in this booming sector. Some of the more famous Indian establishments include Sejal Architectural Glass, Glazing Technologies Pvt. Ltd. and Sai Alutek Pvt. Ltd.
These companies are from cities all over India, and many new firms are opening up to make use of this new segment.
But why has glass glazing caught on in such an impressive fashion in the country? There are a number of reasons for this. As explained earlier, one primary reason is of course the fact that the appearance of the building is greatly enhanced by glass glazing.
There are practical reasons as well - glass is a far lighter material than concrete or wood, and so the weight of the building is reduced by using glass. This leads to lesser stress on the building and its foundations.
Use of glass allows outside greenery and natural beauty to be enjoyed inside the building, and it ensures a better working environment.
It has also been shown that using the optimum kind of glass can greatly reduce the energy consumption of the building. Glass does not require a great amount of maintenance like other materials. The large range of glass glazing products also ensures that strong, durable and reliable glass can be used which will not break or fracture when under stress.
The choices offered by glass glazing companies are numerous and, according to the specific projects, the right decisions can be made about what kind of glass to use for durability, strength and appearance. Some of the techniques used are suspended glazing, spider glazing, curtain walling, cable-supported glazing and fin-supported glazing.
Structural glazing involves the use of adhesives of silicone to join the various glass parts together and give it support. Cable-supported uses high-strength cables to meet the same requirements.
In bolt-gazing, mechanical connectors like bolts and screws are used to set up the glass structures, giving it more strength. However, workmanship and engineering are considered the most important factors by all major constructors in the industry.
Apart from this, glass buildings are eco-friendly as compared to others. Some such green buildings present in India are Wipro Technologies Gurgaon Development Centre, Grundfos Pumps India Ltd, Chennai LEED and CII-Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre and ITC Green Centre, Gurgaon. These buildings have emphasised form as well as functionality and glass glazing seems to be a promising industry for the future.