Meaning of Patta:
A Patta is a legal document issued by the Government in the name of the actual owner of a particular plot of land. It can also be issued for lands having buildings or individual houses etc. constructed on them. But for these types of properties, it can be shown that the property is being continuously occupied which is not possible for any barren tract of land.
In most cases, it can be obtained from the Tehsildar’s office in the concerned administrative district. If there are several owners for a single property, separate Pattas will not be issued. In such cases, there will be one Patta with the name of all the co-owners mentioned clearly. It is also important to remember that Patta will not be issued for lands having undivided shares.
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How to obtain a Patta?
The normal procedure is to apply to the concerned Tehsildar or any appropriate administrative authority in a format prescribed by the Revenue Department.
The details of the owner or owners as the case may be, must be enclosed along with the documents that pertain to the plot in question. An interview might be sought by the Tehsildar with the applicant if needed. Or if the Tehsildar is so convinced, an on-site visit is also possible. But these are generally for lands that are entangled in legal disputes.
The Importance of Patta
It is a very important record of ownership. Transactions involving the land in question require a Patta. It can also be used to establish the right of ownership in a court of law. Compensation from land acquired by the Government is a major problem.
But it can be easily solved if the owner of the property has a Patta in her/his name. This proves, beyond doubt, ownership of the property and remuneration could be obtained without much of a hassle.
In some cases, Patta can be transferred from one person to the other. These are usually special situations where, for example, there is no Will drafted by a person before his death. In such cases, the next of kin are automatically entitled to the Patta and can apply for the transfer to their name(s).
A convenient feature of Patta is the fact that it need not be renewed from time-to-time. A renewal must be done only after a transfer or a transaction has taken place with respect to the property.