Expressing concern over growing consolidation of internet-based economic activities among a few companies in many sectors, the government on Monday said there is a need to protect the consumers' interest and prevent them from being exploited. The government also said consumer complaints related to online transactions are rising and pointed out that of the total complaints registered last month on the National Consumer Helpline (NCH), 38-40 per cent pertained to e-commerce trade.
Addressing a national workshop for effective and speedy consumer disputes redressal, Food and Consumer Affairs Minister Piyush Goyal said that consumer commissions are the only hope for consumers who are need of justice. However, growing pendency of cases and delayed justice is a cause of concern which need to be addressed with "collective effort," he said.
The minister suggested that reducing the number of adjournments, augmenting infrastructure in district courts, promoting mediation, e-filing and e-disposal should help reduce the pendency of cases. Asserting that consumer courts have greater role to play in safeguarding the consumer rights amid growing consolidation of internet-based economic activity, Consumer Affairs Secretary Rohit Kumar Singh said: "With the consolidation, the power of major players is increasing and there is imbalance in power towards consumers."
When internet came in 2000, it was felt it would lead to democratisation and decentralisation but today all economic activities are slowly getting consolidated, he said. For example in e-commerce, taxi aggregators, food and beverages businesses, there are two-three major players. In telecom services too, there are four major players, he said.
To ensure the growing power imbalance of major players does not affect consumers' interest, the secretary said, "… it is important for us to stand firm beside consumers and through commissions ensure that consumers are not cheated and their rights are not violated." In this backdrop, Singh emphasised on the need to focus on reducing the pendency of cases in consumer courts and provide speedy and affordable justice to consumers.
National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission President Justice R K Agrawal cited inadequate strength of judges, delay in filling up vacancies in consumer forums, lack of resources and manpower, unnecessary adjournments taken by lawyers on flimsy grounds etc as key reasons for pendency of cases. There were 6 lakh cases pending as on March 31, 2022 in the national, state and district commissions despite the overall disposal rate of 89 per cent, he said.Minister of State for Consumer Affairs Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti, and Additional Secretary Nidhi Khare were also present at the workshop.