One week back there were concerns about the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) buying dollars in the forward market to stem the appreciation in the rupee.
Markets were concerned about excess liquidity coming into the system and heaved a sigh of relief as the RBI turned towards the forwards and not spot market. But post RBI credit policy, the rupee has gone downhill. It has crossed the Rs 75/$ mark today and one is not sure where it will go.
The fundamentals appeared to be strong, and our call was Rs 74-74.5/$ for the first quarter under ceteris paribus conditions. What has changed?
The RBI policy of providing even more liquidity to the system through the GSAP, though positive for the bond market (where yields have softened by 5-8 bps) is not so for the currency.
There is now excess liquidity of Rs 7 lakh crore in the reverse repo basket and there will be an infusion of Rs 25,000 crore on the 15th of this month. So much liquidity in the system is not good news for the rupee.
Add to this the panic attack of the pandemic-induced lockdown and the news of shortage of vaccine, the economy does not look as strong as was conjectured.
The IMF has spoken (probably too early) of growth of 12.5% and there is serious doubt on this being attained as one month of the year will be associated with lessened economic activity. And more importantly uncertainty will prevail. This has gotten reflected in the rupee-dollar rate.
How does this work? A lot of liquidity means interest rates will remain low. If we look at the US 10-years yield, it is now 1.66% and has been going up, while our bonds are being driven down. For an investor India becomes less attractive and we have already seen FPI for the month being marginally negative so far at - USD 131 million.
The trade deficit has been widening and will continue to do so as the economy recovers, and imports pick up. Global commodity prices are rising which will widen the deficit. Exports need to pick up, but one cannot be sure. Therefore, the fundamentals will tend to point towards depreciation. The RBI promise of ample liquidity has hastened this process.
India has reported an all-time high FDI inflow till January which does reinforce the India story. FDI of USD 72.1 billion came in which was the highest in the last five years. ECBs were a different story as approvals were down to just USD 26 billion in the first 11 months of the year compared with USD 45.5 billion in FY20. This is because of a fall in investment and a drop in overall borrowings. A turnaround here will be contingent on how the investment cycle performs as well as movement in interest rates in overseas markets.
On the external side, it is expected that the dollar will strengthen and exert pressure on other currencies. This is exogenous to our system and has to be buffered. Better growth prospects as well as orderly rollout of the vaccine is good news for the USA economy and the dollar.
Therefore, choppy times are ahead for the rupee which was definitely not expected as the liquidity dimension added by the RBI and the commentary provided has spooked the market.
We need to see how the rupee moves and with the 75-mark reached there should be some correction post the first GSAP auction. We still maintain Rs 74-74.5/$ is the fair rate, but the market may prove us wrong.Disclaimer: The views and investment tips expressed by experts on Moneycontrol.com are their own and not those of the website or its management. Moneycontrol.com advises users to check with certified experts before taking any investment decisions.