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Gold Gains As Rapid Spread Of Virus Spurs Safe-Haven Demand

Spot gold gained 0.3% to $1,644.11 per ounce as of 0044 GMT.

Feb 27, 2020 / 07:57 AM IST

Gold prices rose on Thursday as fears of a pandemic heightened after coronavirus infections surged in Italy and Iran, triggering a move away from riskier assets.

FUNDAMENTALS

- Spot gold gained 0.3% to $1,644.11 per ounce as of 0044 GMT.

- U.S. gold futures was up 0.2% at $1,646.

- The number of new infections inside China - the source of the outbreak - was for the first time overtaken by fresh cases elsewhere on Wednesday, with Italy and Iran emerging as epicentres of the rapidly spreading illness.

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COVID-19 Vaccine

Frequently Asked Questions

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How does a vaccine work?

A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.

How many types of vaccines are there?

There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.

What does it take to develop a vaccine of this kind?

Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.

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- Italy has reported more than 400 cases and Iran has reported only 139 cases, but epidemiologist say the true number of cases must be many times higher.

- Financial markets have been reacting to news of the virus' spread because of its potential impact on the global economy.

- The benchmark U.S. 10-year Treasury yields were holding close to a record low touched in the previous session, while S&P 500 e-mini futures also fell.

- Public health officials on Wednesday warned Americans to prepare for more virus cases and New York City announced plans to provide up to 1,200 hospital beds if needed.

- Germany is also at the beginning of an epidemic after new cases sprung up which can no longer be traced to the virus's original source in China, Health Minister Jens Spahn said on Wednesday.

- Sales of new U.S. single-family homes raced to a 12-1/2-year high in January, pointing to housing market strength that could help to blunt any hit on the economy from the epidemic and keep the longest economic expansion in history on track.

- South Korea's central bank kept its key interest rate unchanged on Thursday, defying expectations for a cut amid growing pressure to ease policy as the outbreak hits demand in the export-reliant economy.

- SPDR Gold Trust, the world's largest gold-backed exchange-traded fund, said its holdings fell 0.5% to 935.70 tonnes on Wednesday.

- Palladium rose 1.4% to $2,829.12 per ounce, while platinum inched up 0.2% to $912.44, having touched its lowest level since December earlier this session.

- Silver edged up 0.3% to $17.93 an ounce, after having touched a one-week low in the previous session.
Reuters
first published: Feb 27, 2020 07:57 am

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