There are several trends which have helped India remain resilient amidst global turmoil. We will have to build on these to remain one of the fastest-growing economies over the next decade.
The world economy is going through a tumultuous phase. Aggressive tightening by major advanced economies’ central banks has led to a bleak outlook for global growth. Against this backdrop, the World Bank recently cut India's GDP forecast for FY23 to 6.5 percent (from 7.5 percent earlier). However, India will still remain one of the fastest-growing major economies in the world. This brings us to the question that what has worked in India’s favour for it to maintain decent growth amidst global gloom. We identify five reforms/policies which have helped India to grow faster and will continue to aid growth in the medium term.
India's low external debt
The first and the most important has been India’s low external debt which has insulated it from external volatility in times like these. In recent weeks there has been a lot of buzz around India's inclusion in the global bond indices. Historically, India has always been uncomfortable about foreign investors owning Indian debt, hence through capital controls, has kept foreign ownership at bay.