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India's total population at 1.21 billion, up 17.7% : Census

India's total population stands at 1.21 billion, which is 17.7 percent more than the previous decade and growth of women was higher than that of men.

May 01, 2013 / 12:54 PM IST

India's total population stands at 1.21 billion, which is 17.7 percent more than the previous decade and growth of women was higher than that of men.

According to the final census released by home minister Sushilkumar Shinde on Tuesday, India's total population as on March 1, 2011 is 1,210,726,932 or 1.21 billion — an increase of 181.96 million persons in absolute number of population during 2001-11. There was an increase of 90.97 million men and increase of 90.99 million women.

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The growth rate of women is 18.3 percent and is higher than that of men which stands at 17.1 percent. India's population grew by 17.7 percent during 2001-11, against 21.5 per cent in the previous decade.

Among the major states, highest decadal growth in population has been recorded in Bihar (25.4 percent) while 14 states and Union Territories recorded population growth above 20 percent. Altogether, 833.5 million persons live in rural areas as per Census 2011, and is more than two-thirds of the total population, while 377.1 million persons live in urban areas.

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Urban proportion has gone up from 17.3 percent in 1951 to 31.2 percent in 2011. Empowered Action Group (EAG) states have lower urban proportion (21.1 per cent) in comparison to non-EAG states (39.7 percent). Highest proportion of urban population is in NCT Delhi (97.5 percent).

The top five states in share of urban population are Goa (62.2 per cent), Mizoram (52.1 percent), Tamil Nadu (48.4 percent), Kerala (47.7 percent) and Maharashtra (45.2 per cent).