Disasters and epidemic like Covid-19 can be best handled by the executive and the courts will intervene if citizens' lives are in danger due to the actions of the executive, Chief Justice of India (CJI) S A Bobde said on Monday. The CJI said all the three organs of the State should act in harmony at the times of the crisis but it was for the executive to decide as to how "men, money and material" have to be prioritised and used in a crisis like this.
"Epidemic or any disaster can be best handled by the executive. In all cases relating to COVID-19, we have asked executive as to what steps have been taken," Justice Bobde told a TV channel.
The CJI said judiciary will "intervene" if citizens' lives are in danger due to any executive action and stressed that courts are functioning even during this hour of crisis when number of litigations have decreased.
After the nation-wide lockdown imposed on March 25 to contain spread of COVID-19, the apex court has been hearing urgent cases through video-conferencing and has heard 593 matters and delivered judgement in 215 of them in a month.
On the use of technology in holding virtual courts, the CJI said that video conferencing proceedings are here to stay.
Frequently Asked Questions
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
There are broadly four types of vaccine — one, a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine); two, a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV; three, nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine; and four, protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
Vaccine development is a long, complex process. Unlike drugs that are given to people with a diseased, vaccines are given to healthy people and also vulnerable sections such as children, pregnant women and the elderly. So rigorous tests are compulsory. History says that the fastest time it took to develop a vaccine is five years, but it usually takes double or sometimes triple that time.