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NIM = (Interest Income - Interest Expense) / Interest earning assets

Spread, on the other hand, is the difference between yield and cost of borrowing, where yield is the interest income earned on interest earning assets and cost of borrowing is interest expense charged on interest bearing liabilities.

Spread = (Interest Income/ Interest earning assets) (Interest Expense/ Interest bearing Liabilities)

E.g. If Interest income = Rs. 150 crore

Interest expense = Rs. 80 crore

Interest earning assets = Rs. 2,250 crore

Interest bearing liabilities = Rs. 3,000 crore

NIM = (150 80) / 2250

= 3.11%

Spread = (150 / 2,250) (80 / 3,000)

= 4%

Source: sptulsian.com

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