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Urja Global

BSE: 526987|NSE: URJA|ISIN: INE550C01020|SECTOR: Trading
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Notes to Accounts Year End : Mar '18

1.1 Corporate information

Urja Global Limited was incorporated in India on May 29, 1992 and is a company registered under the Companies Act, 1956. The registered office of the Company is located at Office No.915, Pearl Omaxe Tower 2, Netaji Subhash Place, Pitampura Delhi- 110034 India. The principal place of business of the Company is in India.

The Company is primarily engaged in the business of “Design, Consultancy, integration, supply, installation, commissioning & maintenance of off-grid and grid connected Solar Power Plants and decentralized Solar Application.

1.2 Basis of Preparation

The financial statements (“Financial Statements”) of the Company have been prepared in accordance with Indian Accounting Standards (“Ind AS”) notified under the Companies’ (Indian Accounting Standard) Rules, 2015, as amended from time to time.

For all periods up to and including the year ended 31 March, 2017, the Company prepared its financial statements in accordance with accounting standards notified under Companies Accounting Standard Rules, 2006 as amended, read together with paragraph 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (“Indian GAAP”).

These financial statements are covered by Ind AS 101, First time adoption of Indian Accounting Standards, as they are part of the period covered by the Company’s first Ind AS financial statements for the year ending 31 March, 2017.

The transition was carried out from the accounting principles generally accepted in India (Indian GAAP) which is considered as Previous GAAP as defined in Ind AS 101. An explanation of how the transition to Ind AS has impacted the Company’s equity and profits is provided in Note 35. The preparation of these financial statements resulted in changes to the accounting policies as compared to most recent annual financial statements prepared under Indian GAAP. Accounting policies have been applied consistently to all periods presented in the financial statements. They have also been applied in preparing the Ind AS opening Balance Sheet as at 1 April, 2016 for the purpose of transition to Ind AS and as required by Ind AS 101. All the Ind AS impact as on the date of transition i.e. 1 April, 2016 has been adjusted with Retained Earnings.

(B) Terms and rights attached to equity shares Equity Shares

* The Company has only one class of Equity Shares having a par value of Re. 1/- per share. Each holder of Equity Share is entitled to one vote per share.

** In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

Notes:

1. Trade payables are non-interest bearing.

2. For explanations on the Company’s credit risk management processes, refer to Note

3. Based on the information available with the Company, the balance due to Micro and Small Enterprises as defined under the MSMED Act, 2006 is Rs. Nil (Previous year Rs. Nil) and interest during the year Rs. Nil (Previous year Rs. Nil) has been paid or is payable under the terms of the MSMED Act, 2006. The information provided by the Company has been relied upon by the auditors.

2 Earnings per Share

Basic and Diluted EPS amounts are calculated by dividing the profit for the year attributable to equity holders of the company by the weighted average number of Equity shares outstanding during the year.

Diluted EPS amounts are calculated by dividing the profit attributable to equity holders of the company (after adjusting for employee stock options) by the weighted average number of Equity shares outstanding during the year plus the weighted average number of Equity shares that would be issued on conversion of all the dilutive potential Equity shares into Equity shares.

The following reflects the income and share data used in the basic and diluted EPS computations:

3 Contingent liabilities (to the extent not provided for)

The Income Tax demand of Rs. 3,68,443/- ( 31st March 2017 : Rs. 3,68,443 ) for the A.Y. 2006-2007 against which the company has filed an appeal with CIT (A) VI, New Delhi.

4 Related Party Transactions

In accordance with the requirement of Ind AS 24 on Related Parties notified under the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015, the name of related parties where control exists and /or with whom transactions have taken place during the year and description of relationships, as identified and certified by the Management are:

5 Income Tax

Deferred Tax Assets for the year of Rs. 29,180/- as per Indian Accounting Standards 12 on Accounting for Taxes on income pertaining to the timing between the accounting income and the taxable income has been recognized by the management in the Profit & Loss Account.

6 Significant accounting judgments, estimates and assumptions

The preparation of the company’s financial statements requires management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities, and the accompanying disclosures, and the disclosure of contingent liabilities. Uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in outcomes that require a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets or liabilities affected in future periods.

Judgements

In the process of applying the company’s accounting policies, management has made the following judgements, which have the most significant effect on the amounts recognised in the financial statements:

ESTIMATES AND ASSUMPTIONS

The key assumptions concerning the future and other key sources of estimation uncertainty at the reporting date, that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year, are described below. Existing circumstances and assumptions about future developments, however, may change due to market changes or circumstances arising that are beyond the control of the company. Such changes are reflected in the assumptions when they occur.

Taxes

Deferred tax assets are recognised for unused tax losses to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the losses can be utilised. Significant management judgement is required to determine the amount of deferred tax assets that can be recognised, based upon the likely timing and the level of future taxable profits together with future tax planning strategies.

The management assessed that cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables, other bank balances and trade payables approximate their carrying amounts largely due to the short-term maturities of these instruments. The fair value of the financial assets and liabilities is included at the amount at which the instrument could be exchanged in a current transaction between willing parties, other than in a forced or liquidation sale.

The Company determines fair values of financial assets and financial liabilities by discounting the contractual cash inflows/ outflows using prevailing interest rates of financial instruments with similar terms. The initial measurement of financial assets and financial liabilities is at fair value. The fair value of investment is determined using quoted net assets value from the fund. Further, the subsequent measurement of all financial assets and liabilities (other than investment in mutual funds) is at amortised cost, using the effective interest method.

7 Financial risk management objectives and policies

The Company’s principal financial liabilities comprise trade payables, employee related liabilities, etc. The main purpose of these financial liabilities is to finance the Company’s operations. The Company’s principal financial assets include trade and other receivables, cash and cash equivalents, security deposits, etc. that derive directly from its operations. The Company also holds FVTPL investments.

The Company is exposed to market risk, credit risk and liquidity risk. The company’s senior management oversees the management of these risks. The company’s senior management is responsible for formulating an appropriate financial risk governance framework for the Company and periodically reviewing the same. The company’s senior management ensures that financial risks are identified, measured and managed in accordance with the Company’s policies and risk objectives. The company’s senior management reviews and agrees policies for managing each of these risks, which are summarised below.

(a) Market Risk

Market risk is the risk that the fair value of future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in market prices. Market prices comprise three types of risk: interest rate risk, foreign currency risk and price risk. Financial instruments affected by market risk include fixed deposits and FVTPL investments.

(i) Interest Rate Risk

The company does not have any borrowings or significant interest bearing assets. So, the Company is not exposed to such risk.

(ii) Foreign currency risk

The Indian Rupee is the Company’s most significant currency. As a consequence, the Company’s results are presented in Indian Rupee. Foreign currency risk is the risk that fair value or future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in foreign exchange rates. The Company transacts business majorly in local currency and there is no significant foreign currency transactions, therefore do not pose a significant foreign currency risk on the company.

(b) Credit Risk

Credit risk is the risk that counterparty will not meet its obligations under a financial instrument or customer contract, leading to a financial loss. The Company is exposed to credit risk from its operating activities (primarily trade receivables) and from its investing activities, including deposits with banks and financial institutions. Management has a credit policy in place and the exposure to credit risk is monitored on an ongoing basis. Credit evaluations are performed on all customers requiring credit over a certain amount.

Trade receivables

Customer credit risk is managed by each business unit subject to the Company’s established policy, procedures and control relating to customer credit risk management. Outstanding customer receivables are regularly monitored.

An impairment analysis is performed at each reporting date on an individual basis for major clients. The maximum exposure to credit risk at the reporting date is the carrying value of each class of financial assets disclosed in note below. The Company does not hold collateral as security. The Company evaluates the concentration of risk with respect to trade receivables as low, as its customers are located in several jurisdictions and has been rated highly by credit rating agencies.

Financial instruments and cash deposits

Credit risk from balances with banks and financial institutions is managed by the Company’s treasury department in accordance with the Company’s policy. Investments of surplus funds are made only with approved counterparties and within credit limits assigned to each counterparty. The limits are set to minimise the concentration of risks and therefore mitigate financial loss through counterparty’s potential failure to make payments.

The Company’s maximum exposure to credit risk for the components of the Balance Sheet at reporting dates are the carrying amounts as illustrated in note below.

The carrying amount of financial assets represents the maximum credit exposure. The maximum exposure to credit risk at the reporting date was:

8 First time adoption of Ind AS

As stated in note 1, the financial statements for the year ending 31 March 2018 would be the first annual financial statements prepared in accordance with Ind AS.

The adoption was carried out in accordance with Ind AS 101 using Balance Sheet as at 1 April 2016 as the transition date. The transition was carried out from Indian GAAP, which was considered as the Previous GAAP. All applicable Ind AS have been applied consistently and retrospectively, wherever required except for exceptions and exemptions mentioned below. The resulting difference between the carrying amounts of the assets and liabilities in the financial statements under both Ind AS and Indian GAAP as of the transition date are recognized directly in equity (Retained Earnings) at the date of transition to Ind AS.

Accordingly, the Company has prepared financial statements which comply with Ind AS applicable for periods ending on or after 1 April 2016, together with the comparative period data as at 31 March 2017.

This note explains the principal adjustments made by the Company in restating its Indian GAAP financial statements, including the opening Balance Sheet as at 1 April 2016, the financial statements for the year ended 31 March 2017.

(i) Exemptions from retrospective application:

Deemed cost exemption

The Company has elected to continue with the carrying value for all of its property, plant and equipment and intangible assets as recognised in the financial statements as at the date of transition to Ind AS, measured as per the previous GAAP and used it as its deemed cost as at the date of transition.

(ii) Exceptions from full retrospective application:

Estimates exception

Upon an assessment of the estimates made under Previous GAAP, the Company has no necessity to revise such estimates under Ind AS.

Footnotes to the reconciliation of equity as at 1 April 2016, 31 March 2017 and profit or loss for the year ended 31 March 2017

1) Investments in National Saving Certificates

The company had made Investments in National Saving Certificates before the date of Transition and were carried at their initial amount in Financials as per IGAAP. Now, under Ind AS, such Investments in National Saving Certificates have now been shown at their Present value by calculating Internal Rate of Return taking into consideration the maturity amount of such investments. Therefore, Such Investments have been shown at their computed present values and difference has been shown under Reserves and Surplus as Interest on National Saving Certificates.

2) Security Deposits

Under Indian GAAP, the security deposits paid for lease rent are shown at the transaction value whereas under Ind AS, the same are recognised initially at fair value and subsequently recorded at amortized cost. Accordingly, the difference between the transaction value and fair value of the security deposits paid towards lease rent is recognized as deferred lease rent and is amortized over the period of the lease term on straight line basis as rent expense. Further, interest is accreted on the fair value of the security deposits and interest income is recognised over the tenure of security deposit.

3) Statement of cash flows

The transition from Indian GAAP to Ind AS has not had a material impact on the statement of cash flows.

Source : Dion Global Solutions Limited
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