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SENSEX NIFTY India | Notes to Account > Power - Generation & Distribution > Notes to Account from Torrent Power - BSE: 532779, NSE: TORNTPOWER

Torrent Power

BSE: 532779|NSE: TORNTPOWER|ISIN: INE813H01021|SECTOR: Power - Generation & Distribution
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Mar 18
Notes to Accounts Year End : Mar '19



1 Assets pledged as security:

Entire movable and immovable properties (including capital work-in-progress) with the net carrying amount of Rs,17,353.90 Crore (31st March, 2018 - Rs,17,183.03 Crore) have been mortgaged and hypothecated to secure borrowings of the Company [Refer note 22].

2 Capital commitment:

Refer note 44(c) for disclosure of contractual commitments for the acquisition of property, plant and equipment.

3 Adjustments during the year include capitalization of borrowing costs of ''7.28 Crore (Previous year - Rs,5.77 Crore), which are directly attributable to purchase / construction of qualifying assets in accordance with Ind AS - 23 “Borrowing Costs”.

4 Capital work-in-progress include borrowing costs of Rs,2.67 Crore (31st March, 2018 - ''0.71 Crore), which are directly attributable to purchase / construction of qualifying assets in accordance with Ind AS - 23 “Borrowing Costs.

5 The weighted average rate for capitalization of borrowing cost relating to general borrowing is 8.68% (Previous year 8.55%).

6 Additions to plant and machinery includes capitalization of directly attributable costs incurred by the Company under various headings.

7 Refer note 41(1) for impairment assessment of DGEN power plant.

8 Pro-rata cost of assets owned jointly with Torrent Pharmaceuticals Limited, a fellow subsidiary are as under:

Outstanding at the end of the year 48,06,16,784 48,06,16,784 2 . 25,74,22,311 equity shares (25,74,22,311 equity shares as at 31st March, 2018) of Rs,10 each fully paid up are held by the Parent Company - Torrent Private Limited.

3. Terms / Rights attached to equity shares :

The Company has only one class of equity shares having par value of Rs,10 per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share. The Company declares and pays dividends in Indian rupees. The dividend, if any, proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting, except in case of interim dividend.

In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.


1. Securities premium:

Securities premium reflects issuance of the shares by the Company at a premium, whether for cash or otherwise i.e. a sum equal to the aggregate amount of the premium received on shares is transferred to a “securities premium account” as per the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The reserve can be utilized in accordance with the provisions of the Act.

2. Debenture redemption reserve:

The Company has issued redeemable non-convertible debentures. Consequently, the Company is required under the Companies (Share capital and Debentures) Rules, 2014 (as amended), to create Debenture redemption reserve (DRR), equal to 25% of the value of debentures, out of profits of the Company available for payment of dividend. The Company creates DRR, for the required amount, over the tenure of the debentures, before redemption begins.

3. Contingency reserve:

As per the provisions of GERC MYT Regulations read with Tariff orders passed by GERC, the Company being a Distribution Licensee makes an appropriation to the contingency reserve to meet with certain exigencies. Investments in Bonds issued by Government of India have been made against such reserve.

4. Special reserve:

As per MYT Regulations (2007), the Company has created a reserve in FY 2011-12 and FY 2012-13, which represents one third amount of controllable gain shall be retained in a special reserve by the Generating Company or Licensee for the purpose of absorbing the impact of any future losses on account of controllable factors.

5. General reserve:

General reserve is used from time to time to transfer profits from retained earnings for appropriation purposes. The general reserve is created by a transfer from one component of equity to another and is not an item of other comprehensive income.

6. Retained earnings:

The retained earnings reflect the profit of the company earned till date net of appropriations. The amount that can be distributed by the Company as dividends to its equity shareholders is determined based on the balance in this reserve, after considering the requirements of the Companies Act, 2013.

1) DGEN Power Plant

Property, Plant & Equipment (“PPE”) includes carrying amount of Rs,4,365 Crore pertaining to 1,200 MW DGEN Mega Power Project located at Dahej, India (“DGEN”). DGEN started commercial operations from November 2014 (“COD”). Due to various factors such as unavailability of domestic gas, high prices of imported gas and non-availability of power purchase agreements DGEN was not operated after COD, except for intermittent periods during FY 2015-16. During the periods of non-operation, DGEN was maintained in cold standby mode for immediate start-up, as and when required.

In view of above conditions, the Company carried out an assessment to test whether the carrying amount as at 31st March, 2019 of PPE of Rs,4,365 Crore in respect of DGEN was required to be impaired in accordance with Indian Accounting Standard 36 (“Ind AS 36”). The assessment was carried out with the help of an external valuer (“expert”). The expert estimated value-in-use by adopting discounted cash flow method for the balance useful life of the DGEN project as at 31st March, 2019 under two scenarios i.e the management case and an alternate case by taking varied sets of assumptions reflective of likely future operating scenarios. The value in use in both the scenarios is higher than the carrying amount of the PPE pertaining to DGEN and accordingly no impairment provision is considered necessary as at 31st March, 2019.

The assessment of value-in-use involved several key assumptions including expected demand, future price of fuel, expected tariff rates for electricity, discount rate, exchange rate and current electricity market scenario which the management considered reasonable based on past trends and the current and likely future state of the industry. Management intends to review such assumptions periodically to factor updated information based on events or changes in circumstances in order to make fresh assessment of impairment, if any. Changes in such key assumptions in future may have a material adverse impact on the value-in-use.

2) Investment in Torrent Pipavav Generation Limited

Torrent Pipavav Generation Limited (“TPGL”), a subsidiary of the Company, had paid for acquisition of land in Amreli, Gujarat for the purpose of developing a coal based power plant of 1,000 MW. Due to non-availability of fuel linkage, the Government of Gujarat vide its letter dated 6th December, 2017 has communicated that the said project may not be developed and accordingly, the joint venture between Torrent Power Limited and Gujarat Power Corporation Limited (GPCL) is intended to be dissolved. The cost of land would be reimbursed through disposal by state government. With reference to this, in the month of March 2019, GPCL has written a letter to Collector, Amreli stating that land is surrendered to the Government and requested Energy and Petroleum Department, Government of Gujarat to take further action in the matter. The management has made an impairment assessment of the land valuation by comparing the carrying value of such land in the books with the stamp value as prescribed by the Superintendent of Stamps, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, on the basis of which it has been concluded that there is no impairment. The recovery of the amount invested as equity and loan aggregating Rs,105.12 Crore is dependent on the ability of the Government to find a buyer for the land.

(a) Contribution received from consumers

(1) Nature of contribution received from consumers

Contributions received from consumers towards property, plant and equipment has been recognized as deferred revenue.

(b) Government grant

(1) Nature of government grant

Ministry of Power, Government of India (GoI), had introduced the Accelerated Power Development & Reforms Programme (APDRP) to achieve reduction in AT&C losses, to strengthen the T&D network and to ensure reliable and quality power supply with adequate consumer satisfaction. The projects approved for financing under the programme are eligible for a grant and soft loan each equivalent to 25% of the project cost from the GoI. The Balance 50% was required to be funded by the Company. There are no unfulfilled conditions or other contingencies attached to these grants.

The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact of the Supreme Court (“SC”) judgment dated 28th February, 2019 in the case of Regional Provident Fund Commissioner (II) West Bengal v/s Vivekananda Vidyamandir and Others, in relation to non-inclusion of certain allowances within the definition of “basic wages” of the relevant employees for the purposes of determining contribution to Provident Fund (“PF”) under the Employees’ Provident Fund & Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952. There are interpretation issues relating to the said SC judgment and review petitions are pending before the SC in this matter. In the assessment of the management, the aforesaid matter is not likely to have a significant impact and accordingly, no provision has been made in the financial statements.


In respect of the above, the expected outflow will be determined at the time of final resolution of the dispute / matters. No reimbursement is expected._

iii) Notation agreement with lender for short term finance facilities obtained by associates :

During the year, the Company has entered into an agreement to novate with a lender in respect of two short term finance facilities obtained by two of its associates against which an aggregate amounts of Rs,98.00 Crore is outstanding as on 31st March, 2019. As per the terms of the said agreement, in certain circumstances, the Company will be obligated to purchase the outstanding loan balances if the right is so exercised by the lender, as per the terms of the agreement._

1. Other than above, the Company has not given any loans or advances in the nature of loan to any of its subsidiaries and associates or firms / companies, in which Directors are interested.

2. The above loans were given to the subsidiaries for their normal business activities.

The Company is engaged in the business of providing infrastructural facilities as per Section 186 (11) of the Act. Accordingly, disclosure under Section 186 (4) of the Act, is not applicable to the Company.


Micro and small enterprises under the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006 (MSMED Act, 2006) have been determined based on the information available with the Company and the required disclosures are given below:

The Company’s significant leasing arrangements, other than land, are in respect of residential flats, office premises, plant and machinery and equipment taken on lease. The arrangements range between 11 months and 10 years generally and are usually renewable by mutual consent on mutually agreeable terms. Under these arrangements, generally refundable interest free deposits have been given. The Company has not entered into any material financial lease. The Company does not have any non-cancellable lease.

Leasing arrangements with respect to land range between 25 years to 99 years.

NOTE 7: EMLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS 48.1 Defined contribution plan:

The Company has defined contribution retirement benefit plans for its employees.

The Company’s contributions to provident fund, pension scheme and employee state insurance scheme are made to the relevant government authorities as per the prescribed rules and regulations. The Company’s superannuation scheme for qualifying employees is administered through its various superannuation trust funds. The Company’s contributions to the above defined contribution plans are recognized as employee benefit expenses in the statement of profit and loss for the year in which they are due. The Company has no further obligation in respect of such plans beyond the contributions made.

The Company’s contribution to provident, pension and superannuation funds aggregating to ''35.77 Crore and to employees state insurance scheme of Rs,1.29 Crore (Previous year - ''33.48 Crore & Rs,1.33 Crore respectively) has been recognized in the statement of profit and loss under the head employee benefits expense [Refer note 37].

8 Defined benefit plans:

(a) Gratuity

The Company operates a gratuity plan covering all its employees. The benefit payable is the greater of the amount calculated as per the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 or the Company scheme applicable to the employee. The benefit vests upon completion of five years of continuous service and once vested it is payable to employees on retirement or on termination of employment. The gratuity benefits payable to the employees are based on the tenure of employee’s service and last drawn salary at the time of leaving. The employees do not contribute towards this plan and the full cost of providing these benefits are met by the Company. In case of death while in service, the gratuity is payable irrespective of vesting.

The Company makes annual contribution to the gratuity schemes administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India through its various Gratuity Trust Funds. The liability in respect of plan is determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation.

(b) Risk exposure to defined benefit plans

The plans typically expose the Company to actuarial risks such as: asset volatility, interest rate risk, longevity risk and salary risk as described below :

Asset volatility

The present value of the defined benefit plan liability is calculated using a discount rate which is determined by reference to market yields at the end of the reporting period on Indian government securities; if the return on plan asset is below this rate, it will create a plan deficit.

Interest risk

A decrease in the bond interest rate will increase the plan liability; however, this will be partially offset by an increase in the return on the plan’s debt investments.


Longevity risk

The present value of the defined benefit plan liability is calculated by reference to the best estimate of the mortality of plan participants both during and after their employment. An increase in the life expectancy of the plan participants will increase the plan’s liability.

Salary risk

The present value of the defined benefit plan liability is calculated by reference to the future salaries of plan participants. As such, an increase in the salary of the plan participants will increase the plan’s liability.

The most recent actuarial valuation of the plan assets and the present value of the defined benefit obligation was carried out at 31st March, 2019. The present value of the defined benefit obligation, and the related current service cost and past service cost, were measured using the projected unit credit method.

(e) Expenses recognized for defined benefit plan and movement of plan assets and liabilities

Following are the amounts recognized in statement of profit and loss, other comprehensive income, movement in defined benefit liability and movement in plan assets:

(f) Category wise plan assets

Contributions to fund the obligations under the gratuity plan are made to the Life Insurance Corporation of India.

(g) Sensitivity analysis

Significant actuarial assumptions for the determination of the defined obligation are discount rate and expected salary increase. The sensitivity analysis given below have been determined based on reasonably possible changes of the respective assumptions occurring at the end of the reporting period, while holding all other assumptions constant.

The sensitivity analysis presented above may not be representative of the actual change in the defined benefit obligation as it is unlikely that the change in assumptions would occur in isolation of one another as some of the assumptions may be correlated.

Furthermore, in presenting the above sensitivity analysis, the present value of the defined benefit obligation has been calculated using the projected unit credit method at the end of the reporting period, which is the same as that applied in calculating the defined benefit obligation liability recognized in the balance sheet.

(h) The weighted average duration of the gratuity plan based on average future service is 13 years (Previous year -13 years).


(i) Expected contribution to the plan for the next annual reporting period is Rs,18.34 Crore (Previous year - Rs,11.04 Crore).

(j) Cash flow projection from the fund

Projected benefits payable in future years from the date of reporting

10. Other long-term employee benefit obligations :

The lease obligation covers the Company’s liability for sick and earned leave. Under these compensated absences plans, leave encashment is payable to all eligible employees on separation from the Company due to death, retirement or resignation; at the rate of daily last drawn salary, multiplied by leave days accumulated as at the end of relevant period. Refer notes 25, 31 and 37 for the leave encashment provision / change in the balance sheet and statement of profit and loss.

The Chief Operating Decision Maker (CODM) evaluates the Company’s performance and applies the resources to whole of the Company’s business viz. “Generation, Transmission and Distribution of Power” as an integrated utility. Further, the Company’s cable business is not a reportable segment in terms of revenue, profit, assets and liabilities. Hence the Company does not have any reportable segment as per Ind AS - 108 “Operating Segments.


The Company manages its capital structure in a manner to ensure that it will be able to continue as a going concern while optimizing the return to stakeholders through the appropriate debt and equity balance.

The Company’s capital structure is represented by equity (comprising issued capital, retained earnings and other reserves as detailed in notes 20, 21) and debt (borrowings as detailed in note 22).

The Company’s management reviews the capital structure of the Company on an annual basis. As part of this review, the management considers the cost of capital and the risks associated with each class of capital. The Company’s plan is to ensure that the gearing ratio (debt equity ratio) is well within the limit of 2:1.

Loan covenants

The company has complied with financial covenants specified as per the terms of borrowing facilities.

(c) Fair value measurement

The fair value hierarchy is based on inputs to valuation techniques that are used to measure fair value that are either observable or unobservable and consists of the following three levels:

Level 1 : Quoted (unadjusted) market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2 : Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is directly or indirectly observable.

Level 3 : Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is unobservable.

The following table summarizes financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis and financial assets and liabilities that are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis (but fair value disclosures are required) :

(d) Financial risk management objectives

The Company’s principal financial liabilities, other than derivatives, comprise borrowings, trade and other payables. The main purpose of these financial liabilities is to finance the Company’s operations, routine and projects capital expenditure. The Company’s principal financial assets include loans, advances, trade and other receivables and cash and cash equivalents that derive directly from its operations.

The Company’s activities expose it to a variety of financial risks viz foreign currency risk, commodity price risk, interest rate risk, credit risk, liquidity risk etc. The Company’s primary focus is to foresee the unpredictability of financial markets and seek to minimize potential adverse effects on its financial performance. The Company’s senior management oversees the management of these risks. It advises on financial risks and the appropriate financial risk governance framework for the Company.

Foreign currency risk

The Company is exposed to foreign currency risks arising from various currency exposures, primarily with respect to the USD and EURO. Foreign currency risks arise from future commercial transactions and recognized assets and liabilities, when they are denominated in a currency other than Indian Rupee.

The Company’s exposure with regards to foreign currency risk which are not hedged are given below. However, these risks are not significant to the company’s operation and accordingly sensitivity analysis is not given.

Commodity price risk

The commodity exposure is mainly on account of fuel, a substantial part of which is a pass through cost and hence the commodity price exposure is not likely to have a material financial impact on the Company.

The Company has exposure to USD / INR exchange rate arising principally on account of import of LNG and import of coal. The extant tariff regulations do not permit the cost of hedging such exposure as a cost to be passed through to the off-takers / beneficiaries. As a result, the Company does not follow a policy of hedging such exposures and actual rupee costs of import of fuel are substantially passed on to the off-takers / consumers, because of which such commodity price exposure is not likely to have a material financial impact on the Company.

Interest rate risk

Most of the Company’s borrowings are on a floating rate of interest. The Company has exposure to interest rate risk, arising principally on changes in Marginal Cost of Funds based Lending Rate (MCLR). The Company uses a mix of interest rate sensitive financial instruments to manage the liquidity and fund requirements for its day to day operations like non-convertible debentures and short term credit lines besides internal accruals.

Interest rate risk sensitivity:

The below mentioned sensitivity analysis is based on the exposure to interest rates for floating rate borrowings. For this it is assumed that the amount of the floating rate liability outstanding at the end of the reporting period was outstanding for the whole year. If interest rates had been 50 basis points higher or lower, other variables being held constant, following is the impact on profit before tax .

Credit risk

Trade receivables

(1) Exposures to credit risk:

The Company is exposed to the counterparty credit risk arising from the possibility that counterparties (primarily trade receivables, suppliers, contractors etc.) might fail to comply with contractual obligations. This exposure may arise with regard to unsettled amounts and the cost of substituting products and services that are not provided.

(2) Credit risk management:

Credit risk is managed and limited in accordance with the type of transaction and the creditworthiness of the counterparty. The Company has established criteria for admission, approval systems, authorization levels, exposure measurement methodologies, etc. The concentration of credit risk is limited due to the fact that the customer base is large. None of the customers accounted for more than 10% of the receivables and revenue for the year ended 31st March, 2019 and 31st March, 2018. However, the Company is dependent on the domestic market for its business and revenues.

The Company’s credit policies and practices with respect to distribution areas are designed to limit credit exposure by collecting security deposits prior to providing utility services or after utility service has commenced according to applicable regulatory requirements. In respect to generation business, Company generally has letter of credits / bank guarantees to limit its credit exposure.

(3) Other credit enhancements

The Company does not hold any collateral or other credit enhancements to cover its credit risks associated with its financial assets.

(4) Age of receivables and expected credit loss

The Company has used a practical expedient by computing the expected credit loss allowance for trade receivables based on a provision matrix. The provision matrix takes into account historical credit loss experienced and adjusted for forward- looking information. The expected credit loss allowance is based on ageing of the days the receivables are due.

The age of receivables and provision matrix at the end of the reporting period is as follows.

Other financial assets

The Company is having balances in cash and cash equivalents, term deposits with banks, investments in government securities and investment in mutual funds. With respect to investments, the Company limits its exposure to credit risk by investing in liquid securities with counterparties depending on their Composite Performance Rankings (CPR) published by CRISIL. The Company’s investment policy lays down guidelines with respect to exposure per counterparty, rating, processes in terms of control and continuous monitoring. The Company therefore considers credit risks on such investments to be negligible.

Liquidity risk

Liquidity risk is the risk that the Company will encounter difficulty in meeting the obligations associated with its financial liabilities that are required to be settled by delivering the cash or another financial asset. The Company manages liquidity risk by maintaining adequate reserves, banking facilities and unused borrowing facilities, by continuously monitoring projected / actual cash flows.

Maturities of financial liabilities

The Company’s remaining contractual maturity for its non-derivative financial liabilities with agreed repayment periods is given below. The tables have been drawn up based on the undiscounted cash flows of financial liabilities based on the earliest date on which the Company can be required to pay. The tables include both interest (accrued upto 31st March, 2019) and principal cash flows. The contractual maturity is based on the earliest date on which the Company may be required to pay.

The Company has adopted Ind AS 115, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, from 1st April, 2018. The adoption has resulted changes in accounting policies and adjustment to the amounts recognized in the financial statements. Prior to adoption of Ind AS 115, the company had been recognizing the Fuel and Power Purchase Price Adjustment (“FPPPA’) claims as and when approved by the regulatory authorities and the truing up adjustment claims as and when these were billed to consumers subsequent to approval by the regulatory authorities.

The Company has adopted Ind AS 115 retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initial application recognized in the opening retained earnings on 1st April, 2018. The Company has in the current year recognized revenue on FPPPA claims and other true up adjustments, as per the applicable tariff regulations, management’s probability estimate and the past trends of approval, by applying the guidance on variable consideration under Ind AS 115.

The Company has not recognized those truing up adjustment claims which are subject of dispute and for which the company is in appeal with regulatory authorities.

Due to the application of Ind AS 115, as at 1st April, 2018, retained earnings are higher by Rs,649.42 Crore, unbilled revenue higher by Rs,63715 Crore and sundry payables lower by Rs,12.27 Crore.

Consequent to adoption of Ind AS 115, revenue from operations and profit for the year ended 31st March, 2019, are higher by ''320.00 Crore. Accordingly, as at 31st March, 2019, retained earnings are higher by Rs,969.42 Crore, unbilled revenue higher by Rs,955.71 Crore and sundry payables lower by Rs,13.71 Crore.

NOTE 12:

The figures for the previous year have been regrouped / recast, wherever necessary, to make them comparable with the figures for the current year.


The financial statements were approved for issue by the board of directors on 15th May, 2019.

Source : Dion Global Solutions Limited
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