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SENSEX NIFTY India | Accounting Policy > Engines > Accounting Policy followed by Swaraj Engines - BSE: 500407, NSE: SWARAJENG

Swaraj Engines

BSE: 500407|NSE: SWARAJENG|ISIN: INE277A01016|SECTOR: Engines
Dec 13, 16:00
15.85 (1.52%)
Dec 13, 15:50
19.2 (1.84%)
VOLUME 1,212
Mar 17
Accounting Policy Year : Mar '18


1.1 Company’s Overview

Swaraj Engines Limited (SEL) is a public limited company incorporated and domiciled in India. SEL has its works / principal place of business at Plot No. 2, Phase-IX, Industrial Area, S.A.S. Nagar (Mohali), Punjab, India and registered office at Phase-IV, Industrial Area, S.A.S. Nagar (Mohali), Punjab, India.

SEL is in the business of manufacturing diesel engines and hi-tech engine components. Diesel Engines are specifically designed for tractor application.

The Shares of the Company are listed on both BSE Limited and National Stock Exchange of India Limited.

1.2 Basis of Preparation and Presentation

These financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis except for certain financial instruments, which are measured at fair values. The financial statements of the Company have been prepared to comply with the Indian Accounting Standards (''Ind AS''), including the rules notified under the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.

The financial statements are approved by the Company''s Board of Directors and authorised for issue on 23rd April, 2018.

1.3 Property Plant and Equipment

i) Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost of construction or acquisition, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Subsequent costs are included in the asset''s carrying amount or recognised as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the entity and the cost can be measured reliably.

ii) When an asset is scrapped, or otherwise disposed off, the cost and related depreciation are removed from the books of account and resultant profit (including capital profit) or loss, if any, is reflected in Profit and Loss Account.

iii) Depreciation on Tangible Assets (except Land ) is provided on Straight Line Method, pro-rata monthly rests, as per the life prescribed in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 except for fixed assets mentioned in para (iv) below.

iv) In the following cases, Lower useful life is considered than those prescribed in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013

v) The assets'' residual value, useful lives and methods of depreciation are reviewed at each financial year end, and adjustment if any, is made prospectively.

1.4 Investment Properties

Investment Properties are properties held to earn rentals and/or for capital appreciation. Investment properties are measured at cost and the same is derecognized upon disposal or when it is permanently withdrawn from use with no future economic benefits are expected from the disposal.

Depreciation is provided on Straight Line Method, pro-rata monthly rests, as per the life prescribed for Building in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

1.5 Inventories

Inventories are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower. Cost of inventories comprises of cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs including manufacturing overheads and is ascertained on monthly weighted average basis, net of recoverable taxes incurred in bringing them to their respective present location and condition. Cost of raw materials and stores and spares are determined on weighted average basis.

1.6 Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at rates of exchange prevailing on the date of transaction. The exchange difference between the rate prevailing on the date of transaction and on the date of settlement as also on translation of monetary items at the end of year is recognized as income or expense, as the case may be.

1.7 Employee Benefit

Company''s contributions paid/payable during the year to Employee State Insurance Corporation and Labour Welfare Fund are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Company contributes to the appropriate authorities its share of the Members Provident Fund Account as per the Employees'' Provident Fund Act, 1952.

Company contributes to a trust, which has taken Master Policy with the Life Insurance Corporation of India to cover its liability towards employees'' gratuity. Provisions in respect of liabilities of gratuity and leave encashment are made based on actuarial valuation made by an independent actuary as at the balance sheet date. Gains and Losses through re-measurements of the net defined benefit liability are recognized in other comprehensive income. The actual return of the plan assets, in excess of the yields computed by applying the discount rate used to measure the defined benefit obligation is recognized in other comprehensive income.

In respect of Employee Stock Option Scheme:

The compensation cost of stock options granted to employees is measured by the Fair Value Method. The fair value, determined at the grant date of the underlying equity shares, is recognized and amortised on straight line basis over the vesting period.

1.8 Revenue Recognition Sale of Goods

Revenue from sale of goods is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable, and excluding taxes or duties collected on behalf of the government.

Revenue from the sale of goods is recognised when the goods are delivered and titles have passed, at which time all the following conditions are satisfied:

- The Company has transferred to the buyer the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods;

- The Company retains neither continuing managerial involvement to the degree usually associated with ownership nor effective control over the goods sold;

- The amount of revenue can be measured reliably;

- It is probable that the economic benefits associated with the transaction will flow to the Company; and

- The costs incurred or to be incurred in respect of the transaction can be measured reliably.

Dividend and Interest Income

Dividend income from investments is recognised when the right to receive payment has been established.

Interest income is recognized when it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the amount of income can be measured reliably. Interest income is accrued on a time basis, by reference to the deposits and at the interest rate settled with the Bank.

1.9 Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are carried at cost and amortized on Straight line method, so as to reflect the pattern in which the assets economic benefits are consumed.

i) Development expenditure:

Development expenditure incurred on technical services and other project/product related expenses are amortized over the estimated period of benefit, not exceeding five years. Amortization commences as and when the asset is available for use.

ii) Software Expenditure:

Software Expenditure incurred is amortized on pro-rata basis over a period not exceeding four years, commencing from the year in which the expenditure is incurred.

1.10 Taxes on Income

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of the taxable income for the year.

Deferred tax is recognised on temporary differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities in the financial statements and the corresponding tax bases used in the computation of taxable profit. Deferred tax liabilities are generally recognised for all taxable temporary differences. Deferred tax assets are generally recognised for all deductible temporary differences to the extent that it is probable that taxable profits will be available against which those deductible temporary differences can be utilised.

Deferred tax liabilities and assets are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the period in which the liability is settled or the asset realised, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period

1.11 Financial Instruments Financial Assets

Initial recognition and measurement

All financial assets and liabilities are initially recognized at fair value. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets and financial liabilities, which are not at fair value through profit or loss, are adjusted to the fair value on initial recognition.

Subsequent measurement

Financial assets carried at amortised cost (AC)

A financial asset is measured at amortised cost if it is held within a business model whose objective is to hold the asset in order to collect contractual cash flows and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding. For trade receivables and other financial assets maturing within one year from the balance sheet date, the carrying amounts approximate fair value due to the short maturity of these instruments.

Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVTOCI)

A financial asset is measured at FVTOCI if it is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL)

A financial asset which is not classified in any of the above categories are measured at FVTPL.

Financial liabilities

Initial recognition and measurement

All financial liabilities are recognized at fair value.

Subsequent measurement

Financial liabilities are carried at amortized cost using the effective interest method. For trade and other payables maturing within one year from the balance sheet date, the carrying amounts approximate fair value due to the short maturity of these instruments.

Derecognition of financial instruments

The Company derecognizes a financial asset when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the financial asset expire or it transfers the financial asset and the transfer qualifies for derecognition under Ind AS 109. A financial liability (or a part of a financial liability) is derecognized from the Company''s Balance Sheet when the obligation specified in the contract is discharged or cancelled or expires.

1.12 Impairment of Assets

The carrying value of assets at each balance sheet date are reviewed for Impairment .If any indication exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognized if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount.

1.13 Provisions

Provisions are recognised when the Company has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

In respect of warranty on sale of engines, the estimated cost of warranty is accrued at the time of sale. The estimate for accounting of warranty is periodically reviewed and revisions are made as and when required.

1.14 Use of estimates and judgments

The preparation of the Company''s financial statements requires management to make judgement, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities and the accompanying disclosures. Uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in outcomes that require a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets or liabilities affected in future periods.

Depreciation / amortisation and useful lives of property plant and equipment / intangible assets:

Property, plant and equipment / intangible assets are depreciated / amortised over their estimated useful lives, after taking into account estimated residual value. Management reviews the estimated useful lives and residual values of the assets annually in order to determine the amount of depreciation / amortisation to be recorded during any reporting period. The useful lives and residual values are based on the Company''s historical experience with similar assets and take into account anticipated technological changes. The depreciation / amortisation for future periods is revised if there are significant changes from previous estimates.

Provision for product warranty

The Company recognizes provision for product warranties in respect of its products that it sells. Provisions are discounted, where necessary to its present value based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjust to reflect the current best estimates.

1.15 Accounting Policies not specifically referred above are consistent with generally accepted Accounting practices.

Proposed Dividend

The Board of Directors, in their meeting held on 23rd April, 2018, proposed a total dividend of Rs. 50/- per equity share (including Rs.25/- per share as special dividend) for the financial year ended on 31 st March 2018, subject to the approval of shareholders at the Annual General Meeting and if approved, would result in a cash outflow of Rs. 7309.68 lakhs including corporate dividend tax of Rs. 1246.34 lakhs.

Buyback of Equity Shares

The Board, at its meeting held on 28th November 2017, approved a proposal for the Company to buy back its fully paid-up equity shares of face value of Rs.10/- each from the eligible equity shareholders of the Company on a proportionate basis by way of tender offer for an amount not exceeding Rs.70.74 Crores in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and SEBI (Buy back of Securities) Regulations,1998. The shareholders approved the said proposal of buyback of Equity Shares through the postal ballot, the result of which was declared on 3rd January 2018. The Buyback offer comprises a purchase of upto 2,94,746 Equity Shares aggregating to 2.37% of the paid-up equity share capital of the Company at a price of Rs.2,400/- per equity share. The buyback was offered to all eligible equity shareholders of the Company as on the Record Date i.e. 12th January, 2018. The Company concluded the buyback procedures on 26th February 2018 and 2,94,746 shares were extinguished.

In the last 5 years, the Company has not :

- allotted any shares as fully paid-up pursuant to contract(s) without payment being received in cash,

- allotted any bonus shares.

(iii) Employee Stock Option

Under the Employee Stock Option Scheme - 2015 (ESOS-2015), 31,000 Equity Shares of the face value of Rs. 10/- are available for being granted to eligible employees on the recommendation of the Nomination and Remuneration Committee. Further, to grant given in financial year 2015-16, in the current year Company has granted 3571 Equity Shares at face value to the eligible employee(s). As per the ESOS-2015, Options granted vest in four instalments on the expiry of 18 months, 30

2.26 Financial Instruments

(Refer Note 1.11)

Capital management

Company''s capital management objectives are to:

- ensure the company''s ability to continue as a going concern

- provide an adequate return to shareholders by pricing products and services commensurately with the level of risk.

For the purposes of the Company''s Capital Management, capital includes issued capital and all other equity reserves. Company manages its capital structure and makes adjustments in the light of changes in economic environment and the requirements of the financial covenants.

Financial Risk Management Framework

Company''s activities expose it to financial risks viz credit risk and liquidity risk.

Credit Risk

Majority of Company''s Receivables pertains to Mahindra & Mahindra Limited, an Associate Company. Based on the overall credit worthiness of Receivables, coupled with their past track record, Company expect No / Minimum Risk with regard to its outstanding receivables. Also, there is mechanism in place to periodically track the outstanding amount and assess the same with regard to its realisation. Company expect all the debtors to be realised in full, accordingly no provision has been made in the books of account.

Credit risk on cash and cash equivalents is limited as Company generally invest in deposits with banks. Further, Investments are primarily in debt based liquid mutual funds only and the same are fairly spread across various schemes.

Liquidity Risk

(i) Liquidity Risk Management

The Company manages liquidity risk by maintaining adequate reserves, banking facilities and by continuously monitoring forecast & actual cash flows, and by matching the maturity profiles of financial assets and liabilities.

(ii) Maturities of Financial Liabilities

The following tables detail the Company’s remaining contractual maturity for its non-derivative financial liabilities with agreed repayment periods. The amount disclosed in the tables have been drawn up based on the earliest date on which the Company can be required to pay. Financial Liabilities include Trade Payables, Capital Purchases, Unpaid/Unclaimed Dividend etc. which are in the normal course of business having maturity plan of less than 1 year and non-interest bearing.

As at 31st March, 2018, the Company had a working capital of Rs. 129.13 crores which includes cash and bank balance & bank deposits of Rs. 80.53 crores, investment of Rs. 76.1 crores and other corporate deposits of Rs. 20.00 crores.

As at 31 st March 2017, the Company had a working capital of Rs. 196.60 crores which includes cash and bank balance & bank deposits of Rs. 178.27 crores and investment of Rs. 48.91 crores.

Accordingly, company do not perceive any liquidity risk.

2.27 Fair Value Measurement

The fair values of the Financial Assets and Liabilities are included in the amount at which the instrument could be exchanged in a current transaction between willing parties, other than in a forced or liquidation sale

The Company uses the following hierarchy for determining and disclosing the fair value of financial instruments by valuation technique

Source : Dion Global Solutions Limited
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