We have audited the accompanying standalone financial statements of Petronet LNG Limited (the “Company”), which comprise the balance sheet as at March 31, 2021 and the statement of profit and loss (including Other Comprehensive Income), statement of changes in equity and statement of cash flows for the year then ended, and notes to the standalone financial statements, including a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory information prepared based on relevant records (hereinafter referred to as the “Standalone Financial Statement”).
In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us, the aforesaid standalone financial statements give the information required by the Companies Act, 2013 (the “Act’) in the manner so required and give a true and fair view in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India, of the state of affairs of the Company as at March 31,2021, and its total comprehensive income, its changes in equity and its cash flows for the year then ended.
Basis for opinion
We conducted our audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing (SAs) specified under Section 143(10) of the Act. Our responsibilities under those Standards are further described in the Auditor’s responsibilities for the audit of the standalone financial statements section of our report. We are independent of the Company in accordance with the Code of Ethics issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the standalone financial statements under the provisions of the Act and the Rules thereunder, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements and the Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.
Key audit matters
Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgment, were of most significance in our audit of the standalone financial statements of the current period. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the standalone financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters.
Description of Key Audit Matter
Audit Procedures Undertaken to address the Key Audit Matter & conclusions thereon
Impairment testing of Kochi Plant
The recoverable value of the Property Plant and Equipment’s capitalized under Kochi Plant of the Company are dependent on future demand from Kochi Plant.
The determination of recoverable amount of Kochi Plant is based on the value-in use derived from future free net cash flow based on management assumptions of operations for the coming years and from the terminal period. Significant judgement is required by the Management in determining value-in-use, including discount rate to be applied and cash flow projections based on availability of pipeline, demand of gas etc.
Accordingly, the impairment evaluation of Kochi Plant is considered to be a key audit matter.
We assessed the Company’s process of assessing the impairment requirement for Kochi Plant by reviewing the Impairment Study Report, carried out by an outside consultant appointed by the Company, and for verification of the same, following tests were performed::
• Considered if the discounted cash flow models used to estimate the recoverable amount of Kochi Plant, based on “Value in Use” (VIU) were in consistent with Indian Accounting Standard.
• Considered whether the forecasted cash flows in the impairment model were reasonable and based upon supportable assumptions
• Performed tests of the mathematical accuracy of the impairment model calculations.
We found management’s assessment that there is no immediate case of impairment of Kochi Plant based on VIU is reasonable.
Description of Key Audit Matter
Audit Procedures Undertaken to address the Key Audit Matter & conclusions thereon
Accuracy of recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosures of revenues and other related balances in view of requirement of Ind AS 115 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”
The application of Ind AS 115 requires certain key judgements including identification of distinct performance obligations and transaction price
We assessed the Company’s process of identification of distinct performance obligations and transaction price and for the same we selected sample contracts, covering all type of revenue recognized by the Company and performed the following procedures:
• Considered the terms of the contracts to determine the transaction price specially to ascertain if there is any financing component in the arrangement where advances have been received from the customers.
• Read, analysed and identified the distinct performance obligations in these contracts.
• Compared these performance obligations with that identified and recorded by the Company.
• Performed analytical procedures for reasonableness of revenues disclosed by type and service offerings..
Based on the work performed, we found the management’s assessment of determination of transaction price and identification of distinct performance obligation is reasonable
Determination of credit impairment on trade receivables
Trade Receivables are significant to the Company’s financial statements. The Collectability of trade receivables is a key element of the company’s working capital management. Due to complexity of contractual terms, as well as ongoing negotiations with customers, significant judgements are required to estimate whether any impairment provision is required against such receivable and accordingly, it was determined to be a key audit matter in our audit.
Our audit procedures in this area included the following:
• Assessed the design, implementation and operating effectiveness of internal controls over Management’s evaluation of the Expected Credit Loss on trade receivables including historical credit loss.
• Reviewed contractual terms subject to which revenue recognised and trade receivables outstanding in the books.
• Reviewed documents related to ongoing negotiation with the customers.
• Discussion with management over recoverability of outstanding dues
• Reviewing the adequacy and completeness of the disclosures in financial statement.
Contingent liabilities; There are various pending cases against which demand has been raised by different authority.
For legal and regulatory matters, our procedures included
• •Assessing the processes and control over legal matters;
• Reviewing the Group’s significant legal matters and other contractual claims;
• Performing substantive procedures on the underlying calculations of potential liability;
• Where relevant, reading external legal opinions obtained by management;
• Where relevant, obtaining written confirmation from external legal counsels on the status of the cases
• Reviewing the adequacy and completeness of the company’s disclosures.
Based on the work performed, we found the disclosures made by
the management in note 38(B) of the financial statements are
The Company’s Board of Directors is responsible for the other information. The other information comprises the information included in the Company’s annual report (mainly Director’s Report, Corporate Governance Report, Business Responsibility Report and Management Discussion and Analysis of annual report) but does not include the standalone financial statements and our auditor’s report thereon. The other information in annual report except Corporate Governance Report i.e. Directors report, Business Responsibility report and Management Discussion and Analysis of Annual report is expected to be made available to us after the date of this auditors’ report.
Our opinion on the standalone financial statements does not cover the other information and we do not and will not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.
In connection with our audit of the standalone financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the standalone financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated.
If, based on the work we have performed on the other information that we have obtained prior to the date of this auditor’s report, we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this other information, we are required to report that fact. We have nothing to report in this regard.
When we read the information included in, Management Discussion and Analysis, Directors’ Report, and Business Responsibility Report and Other Information in Annual Report, if we conclude that there is material misstatement therein, we are required to communicate the matter to those charged with the governance and other appropriate action as may be required.
Responsibilities of management and those charged with governance for the standalone financial statements
The Company’s Board of Directors is responsible for the preparation and presentation of these standalone financial statements that give a true and fair view of the Standalone financial position, Standalone financial performance, Standalone cash flows and changes in equity of the Company in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India, including the Accounting Standards specified under section 133 of the Act This responsibility also includes maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Act for safeguarding of the assets of the Company and for preventing and detecting frauds and other irregularities; selection and application of appropriate accounting policies; making judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; and design, implementation and maintenance of adequate internal financial controls, that were operating effectively for ensuring the accuracy and completeness of the accounting records, relevant to the preparation and presentation of the standalone financial statements that give a true and fair view and are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, which have been used for the purpose of preparation of standalone financial statement by the directors of the Company, as aforesaid.
In preparing the standalone financial statements, management is responsible for assessing the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, mailers related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless management either intends to liquidate the Company or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so. The Board of Directors are also responsible for overseeing the Company’s financial reporting process.
Auditor’s Responsibilities for the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements
Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the standalone financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor’s report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with SAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these standalone financial statements.
As part of an audit in accordance with SAs, we exercise professional judgment and maintain professional scepticism throughout the audit. We also:
• Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the standalone financial statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and
appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.
• Obtain an understanding of internal financial control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances. Under Section 143(3)(i) of the Act, we are also responsible for expression our opinion on whether the company has adequate internal financial controls with reference to financial statements in place and the operating effectiveness of such controls.
• Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.
• Conclude on the appropriateness of management’s use of the going concern basis of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor’s report to the related disclosures in the standalone financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor’s report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Company to cease to continue as a going concern.
• Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the standalone financial statements, including the disclosures, and whether the standalone financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.
We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.
We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.
From the matters communicated with those charged with governance, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the standalone financial statements of the current period and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditor’s report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosures about the matters or when, in extremely rare circumstances, we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.
Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements
1. As required by the Companies (Auditor’s Report) Order, 2016 (“the Order”) issued by the Central Government of India in terms of sub-section (11) of Section 143 of the Act, we give in the “Annexure A”, a statement on the matters specified in paragraphs 3 and 4 of the Order
2. As required by Section 143(3) of the Act, we report that:
(a) We have sought and obtained all the information and explanations which to the best of our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purposes of our audit of the aforesaid Standalone financial statement.
(b) In our opinion, proper books of account as required by law relating to preparation of the aforesaid Standalone financial statement have been kept so far as it appears from our examination of those books.
(c) The Standalone Balance Sheet, the Standalone Statement of Profit and Loss (including Other Comprehensive income), the Standalone Statement of Changes in Equity and the Standalone Cash Flow Statement dealt with by this report are in agreement with the books of account and the records maintained for the purpose of preparation of Standalone financial statements.
(d) In our opinion, the aforesaid Standalone financial statements comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Act, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014.
(e) On the basis of the written representations received from the directors as on 31st March, 2021 taken on record by the Board of Directors, none of the directors is disqualified as on 31st March, 2021 from being appointed as a director in terms of Section 164 (2) of the Act.
(f) With respect to the adequacy of the internal financial controls over financial reporting of the Company and the operating effectiveness of such controls refer to our separate report in Annexure B.
(g) With respect to the other matters to be included in the Auditor’s Report in accordance with Rule 11 of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules, 2014, in our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us:
a. The Company has disclosed the impact of pending litigations on its financial position in the standalone financial statement (Refer Note 38B to the standalone Ind AS financial statements).
b. The Company did not have any long-term contracts including derivative contracts for which there were any material foreseeable losses on. Refer Note 38 A (b) to the financial statements
c. There has been no delay in transferring the amounts, required to be transferred to the Investor Education and Protection Fund by the Company.
3. With respect to the other matters to be included in the Auditor’s Report in accordance with the requirements of section 197(16) of the Act, as amended:
In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us by the Company, the remuneration paid by the Company to its directors during the year is in accordance with the provisions of section 197 of the Act.
For T.R. Chadha & Co LLP
(Firm Registration No. 006711N/N500028
Membership No. 502955 UDIN- 21502955AAAADI6744
Date: 8th June 2021 Place: New Delhi