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Nikhil Adhesives

BSE: 526159|ISIN: INE926C01014|SECTOR: Chemicals
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Nikhil Adhesives is not listed on NSE
Mar 15
Accounting Policy Year : Mar '18

1. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

1.1 Statement of Compliance

In accordance with the notification issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, the Company has adopted with effect from April 1, 2016, Indian Accounting Standards (referred to as Ind AS) notified under the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules 2015 and complied with the requirement under Para 3 of Ind AS lOl. These financial statements are the first financial statements of the Company under Ind AS. The date of transition to Ind AS is April 1, 2016.

1.2 Basis of Preparation

1.2.1 The financial statements of the Company are consistently prepared and presented under historical cost convention on an accrual basis in accordance with Ind AS except for certain financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair values. 1.2.2 The Company''s functional currency and presentation currency is Indian Rupees (INR)1.2.3 Classification of Assets and Liabilities into Current and Non-Current The Company presents its assets and liabilities in the Balance Sheet based on current / non-current classification. An asset is treated as current when it is:

a) expected to be realised or intended to be sold or consumed in normal operating cycle;

b) held primarily for the purpose of trading;

c) expected to be realised within twelve months after the reporting period; ord) cash or cash equivalent unless restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period.AU other assets are classified as non-current. A liability is treated as current when:

a) it is expected to be settled in normal operating cycle;

b) it is held primarily for the purpose of trading;

c) it is due to be settled within twelve months after the reporting period; ord) there is no unconditional right to defer the settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period. All other liabilities are classified as noncurrent.

1.3 Use of judgements, estimates and assumptions

The preparation of the Company''s financial statements required management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities, and the accompanying disclosures, and the disclosures of contingent liabilities. Uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in outcomes that require a material adjustment in the future periods in the carrying amount of assets or liabilities affected. The Company''s accounting policies, management has made judgements in respect of evaluation of recoverability of deferred tax assets, which has the most significant effect on the amounts recognised in the financial statements.

The following are the key assumptions concerning the future, and other key sources of estimation uncertainty at the end of the reporting period that may have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within:

a) Useful life of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets: The Company has estimated useful life of the Property Plant and Equipment as specified in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. However the actual useful life for individual equipments could turn out to be different, there could be technology changes, breakdown, unexpected failure leading to impairment or complete discard. Alternately the equipment may continue to provide useful service well beyond the useful life assumed.

b) Fair value measurement of financial instruments: When the fair values of financial assets and financial liabilities cannot be measured based on quoted prices in active market, the fair value is measured using valuation techniques including the discounted cash flow (DCF) model. The inputs to these models are taken from observable markets where possible, but where this is not possible, a degree of judgement is required in establishing fair values.

c) Impairment of financial and non-financial assets: The impairment provisions for financial assets are based on assumptions about risk of default and expected loss rates. The Company uses judgement in making these assumptions and selecting the input for the impairment calculations, based on Company’s past history, existing market conditions, technology, economic developments as well as forward looking estimates at the end of each reporting period..

d) Taxes:

Taxes have been paid / provided, exemptions availed, allowances considered etc. are based on the extant laws and the Company''s interpretation of the same based on the legal advice received wherever required. These could differ in the view taken by the authorities, clarifications issued subsequently by the government and courts, amendments to statutes by the government etc.

e) Defined benefit plans:

The cost of defined benefit plans and other post -employment benefits plans and the present value of such obligations are determined using actuarial valuations. An actuarial valuation involves making various assumptions that may differ from actual developments in the future.

f) Provisions:

The Company makes provision for gratuity based on report received from the independent actuary. These valuation reports use complex valuation models using not only the inputs provided by the Company but also various other economic variables. Considerable judgement is involved in the process.

g) Contingencies:

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are measured at the present value of management’s best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligations at the end of the reporting period. However the actual liability could be considerably different.

1.4 Property, Plant and Equipment:

Freehold land is carried at historical cost. All other property, plant and equipment are stated at cost, net of recoverable taxes, trade discounts and rebates less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. The cost of tangible assets comprises of its purchase price, borrowing cost, any costs directly attributable to bringing the asset into the location and condition necessary for it to be capable of operating in the manner intended by management, initial estimation of any decommissioning obligations and finance cost.

Stores and spares which meet the definition of Property, Plant and Equipment and satisfy recognition criteria of Ind AS 16 are capitalised as Property, Plant and Equipment An item of Property, Plant and Equipment and any significant part initially recognised is derecognised upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use. Any gain or loss arising on derecognition of the asset is included in the Statement of Profit and Loss when the asset is derecognised.

Capital work-in-progress includes cost of Property, Plant and Equipment which are not ready for their intended use.

The residual values and useful lives of Property, Plant and Equipment are reviewed at each financial year end, and changes, if any, are accounted prospectively.

Depreciation on the Property, Plant and Equipment is provided over the useful life of assets as specified in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 using straight line method. Property, Plant and Equipment which are added / disposed off during the year, depreciation is provided on pro rata basis with reference to the month of addition / deletion.

In line with the provisions of Schedule II of the Companies Act 2013, the Company depreciates significant components of the main asset (which have different useful lives as compared to the main asset) based on the individual useful life of those components. Useful life for such components has been assessed based on the historical experience and internal technical inputs.

1.5 Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are recognised only if they are separately identifiable and the Company expects to receive future economic benefits arising out of them. Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition net of recoverable taxes less accumulated amortisation/ depletion and impairment loss, it any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs, and any cost directly attributable to bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use.

Intangible assets with finite lives are amortised on straight line basis over their useful economic life and assessed for impairment whenever there is an indication that the intangible asset may be impaired. The amortisation period and the amortisation method for an intangible asset with a finite useful life are reviewed at each year end. The amortised expense on intangible assets with finite lives and impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. ''(The useful lives of intangible assets are assessed as either finite or indefinite. Gains or losses arising from derecognition of an intangible asset are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss when the asset is derecognised.

Intangible assets with indefinite useful lives, are not amortised, but are tested for impairment annually. The assessment of indefinite life is reviewed annually to determine whether the indefinite life continues to be supportable. If not the change in useful life from indefinite to finite is made on a prospective basis. The impairment loss on intangible assets with indefinite life is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.6 Impairment of non - financial assets

At each Balance Sheet date, the Company assesses whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired and also whether there is an indication of reversal of impairment loss recognised in the previous periods. If any indication exists, or when annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the Company determines the recoverable amount and impairment loss is recognised when the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount.

An asset’s recoverable amount is the higher of an asset’s or cash-generating unit’s (CGU) fair value less costs of disposal and its value in use. Recoverable amount is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets.

When the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount.

In assessing the value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset In determining fair value less costs of disposal, recent market transactions are taken into account. If no such transactions can be identified, an appropriate valuation model is used.

1.7 Inventories

Inventories are valued as under:

Raw materials, packing material, stores and spares are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above manufacturing cost.

Stock in process is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Finished goods (including in transit) are valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is lower. Cost for this purpose includes direct materials, direct labour utilities, other variable direct costs and manufacturing overheads, based on the normal operating capacity and depreciation.

1.8 Cash and cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalent in the Balance Sheet comprise cash at banks and on hand and short-term deposits with an original maturity of three months or less, which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

For the purpose of statement of cashflows, cash and cash equivalents consist of cash and short-term deposits as defined above, net of outstanding bank overdrafts as they are considered as an integral part of the Company’s cash management.

Bank Balances other than above

Dividend escrow account balances, deposits with banks as margin money for guarantees issued by the banks, deposits kept as security deposits for statutory authorities are accounted as bank balances other than Cash and Cash equivalents.

Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit for the period is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

1.9 Financial Instruments

A financial instrument is any contract that gives rise to a financial asset of one entity and a financial liability or equity instrument of another entity.

A. FinancialAssets:

(i) Classification:

The Company classifies financial assets as subsequently measured at amortised cost, fair value through other comprehensive income, or fair value through profit and loss on the basis of its business model for managing the financial asset and the contractual cash flow characteristics of the financial asset.

(ii) Initial recognition and measurement:

All financial assets are recognised initially at fair value plus, in the case of financial assets not recognised at fair value through profit and loss, transaction costs that are attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset.

(iii) Financial assets measured at amortised cost:

Financial assets are subsequently measured at amortised cost using effective interest rate method (EIRJ, if these financial assets are held within a business whose objective is to hold these assets in order to collect contractual cash flows and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal outstanding. The losses arising from the impairment are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(iv) Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income:

Financial assets are measured at fair value through other comprehensive income if these financial assets are held within a business whose objective is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets and the contractual terms give rise to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal outstanding.

(v) Financial assets measured at fair value through profit and loss :

Financial assets under this category are measured initially as well as at each reporting date at fair value. Fair value movements are recognised in profit and loss.

(vi) Derecognition of financial assets :

A financial asset is primarily derecognised when the rights to receive cash flows from the asset have expired or the Company has transferred its rights to receive cash flows from the asset.

B. Impairment of Financial Assets:

In accordance with Ind-AS 109, the Company applies Expected Credit Loss (ECL) model for measurement and recognition of impairment loss. The Company follows ''simplified approach'' for recognition of impairment loss allowance on trade receivables. The application of simplified approach does not require the Company to track changes in credit risk. Rather, it recognises impairment loss allowance based on lifetime ECLs at each reporting date, right from its initial recognition.

C. Financial Liabilities

(i) Classification:

The Company classifies all financial liabilities as subsequently measured at amortised cost, except for financial liabilities at fair value through profit and loss. Such liabilities, including derivatives that are liabilities, shall be subsequently measured at fair value.

(ii) Initial recognition and measurement:

All financial liabilities are recognised initially at fair value, in the case of loans, borrowings and payables, net of directly attributable transaction costs. Financial liabilities include trade and other payables, loans and borrowings including bank overdrafts and derivative financial instruments.

(iii) Subsequent measurement:

All financial liabilities are re-measured at fair value through statement of profit and loss and include financial liabilities held for trading and financial liabilities designated upon initial recognition as at fair value through statement of profit and loss. Financial liabilities are classified as held for trading if they are incurred for the purpose of repurchasing in the near term.

(iv) Loans and borrowings :

Interest bearing loans and borrowings are subsequently measured at amortised cost using Effective Interest Rate (EIR) method. Gains and losses are recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss when the liabilities are derecognised as well as through EIR amortisation process. The EIR amortisation is included as finance cost in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(v) Derecognition of financial liabilities :

A financial liability is derecognised when the obligation under the liability is discharged or canceled or expires. When an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms, or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as the derecognition of the original liability and the recognition of a new liability. The difference in the respective carrying amounts is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(vi) Derivative financial instruments :

The Company uses derivative financial instruments such as forward currency contracts and options to hedge its foreign currency risks. Such derivative financial instruments are initially recognized at fair value on the date on which a derivative contract is entered into and are subsequently re-measured at fair value. The gain or loss in the fair values is taken to Statement of Profit and Loss at the end of every financial year. Profit or loss on cancellations / renewals of forward contracts and options are recognised as income or expense of the financial year.

1.10 Fair value measurement

The Company measures certain financial assets and financial liabilities including derivatives and defined benefit plans at fair value.

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.

The fair value measurement is based on the presumption that the transaction to sell the asset or transfer the liability takes place either:

(a) In the principal market for the asset or liability; or

(b) In the absence of a principal market, in the most advantageous market for the asset or liability.

The fair value of an asset ora liability is measured using the assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability, assuming that market participants act in their best economic interest.

1.11 Borrowing cost

Borrowing costs, if any, directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period in which they occur.

Borrowing costs consist of interest and other costs that an entity incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds. Borrowing cost also includes exchange differences to the extent regarded as an adjustment to the borrowing costs.

1.12 Provisions, Contingent liabilities, Contingent Assets

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are measured at the present value of management’s best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligations at the end of the reporting period. If the effect of the time value of money is material, provisions are discounted using a current pre-tax rate that reflects, when appropriate, the risks specific to the liability. When discounting is used, the changes in the provision due to the passage of time are recognised as a finance cost. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the case of:

(a) a present obligation arising from the past events, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation;

(b) a present obligation arising from the past events, when no reliable estimate is possible;

(c) a possible obligation arising from past events, unless the probability of outflow of resources is remote. Contingent assets are not recognised but disclosed in the financial statements when an inflow of economic benefit is probable.

1.13 Employee Benefits

Employee benefits include Provident Fund, Gratuity Fund, and Compensated Leave.

(i) Provident Fund:

The Company contributes to a recognised provident fund which is a defined contribution scheme. The contributions are accounted for on an accrual basis and recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(ii) Gratuity:

The employees of the Company are eligible for gratuity in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, and is a Defined Employee Benefit. The above benefit is not funded but provision is made in the accounts. The Company''s net obligation in respect of the gratuity benefit is calculated by estimating the amount of future benefit that the employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods, that benefit is discounted to determine its present value. The present value of the obligation under such benefit plans is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method which recognises each period of service that give rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to built up the final obligation. The obligation is measured at present values of estimated future cash flows. The discounted rates used for determining the present value are based on the market yields on Government Securities as at the balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(iii) Compensated Leave:

Unutilised leave of staff lapses as at the year end and is not encashable. Accordingly, no provision is made for compensated absences.

1.14 Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue when the amount of revenue can be reliably measured and it is fairly certain that it will be realised.

Sale of Goods:

Sales are accounted on passing of risks, rewards and control of ownership attached to the goods to external customers. Gross sales measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable include excise duty and are net of returns and discounts.

Dividend Income:

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive is established and there is a reasonable certainty of its collection.

Contract Revenue:

Revenue from goods manufactured under contractual arrangement is recognised on completion of the contractual performance.

Interest Income:

Interest income is recognised using the effective interest rate method. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts through the expected life of the financial asset to the gross carrying amount of a financial asset. When calculating the effective interest rate, the Company estimates the expected cash flows by considering all the contractual terms of the financial instruments (for example, prepayment, extension, call and similar options) but does not consider the expected credit loss.

Insurance compensation:

Compensation in respect of insurance claims is recognised on acceptance basis or when there is reasonable certainty that the ultimate collection will be made.

Others:

Income in respect of other claims and commissions are measured at fair value and recognised when there is reasonable certainty that the ultimate collection will be made.

1.15Taxeson Income

Income tax expenses comprise current tax expenses and the net change in the deferred tax asset or liabilities during the year. Current and Deferred tax are recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss, except when they relate to items that are recognised in Other Comprehensive Income or directly in equity, in which case, the current and deferred tax are also recognised in Other Comprehensive Income or directly in equity respectively.

Current Tax:

The Company provides for current tax based on the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 applicable to the Company.

Deferred Tax:

Deferred tax is recognised using the balance sheet approach. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognised for deductible and taxable temporary differences arising between the tax base of assets and liabilities and their carrying amount

Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all taxable temporary differences.

Deferred tax assets are recognised for all deductible temporary differences, the carry forward of unused tax credits and any unused tax losses. Deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences, and the carry forward of unused tax credits and unused tax losses can be utilised.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each reporting date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or part of the deferred tax asset to be utilised. Unrecognised deferred tax assets are re-assessed at each reporting date and are recognised to the extent that it has become probable that future taxable profits will allow the deferred tax assets to be recovered.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the year when the asset is realised or liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantially enacted at the reporting date.

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.

1.16 Earnings per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the profit after tax or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. In case there are any dilutive securities during the period presented, the impact of the same is given to arrive at diluted earnings per share.

1.17 Segment Reporting

The operating segments have been identified on the basis of nature of products and same are accordingly evaluated by the Manager and Board of Directors. Company’s operating segments are Manufacturing of Adhesives & Emulsions and Trading in Chemicals & Others. Company accordingly reports its financials under two segments i.e. Manufacturing of Adhesives & Emulsions and Trading in Chemicals & Others.

1.18 Leases

Determination of whether an arrangement is, or contains, a lease is based on the substance of the arrangement at the inception date, whether the arrangement qualifies as lease is dependent on the use of a specific asset(s) or where the arrangement conveys right to use the asset, even if that right is not explicitly specified in an arrangement.

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the rights and benefits of ownership of the leased assets are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight line basis.

1.19 Foreign exchange transactions

Foreign currency transactions are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. All monetary foreign currency assets and liabilities are converted at the exchange rates prevailing at the reporting date. All exchange differences arising on translation of monetary items are dealt within the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.20 First-time adoption - mandatory exceptions, optional exemptions

The Company has prepared the opening Balance Sheet as per Ind AS as of the transition date which is 1st April 2016, by

(a) recognising all assets and liabilities whose recognition is required by Ind AS;

(b) not recognising items of assets or liabilities which are not permitted by Ind AS;

(c) reclassifying items from Previous GAAP to Ind AS as required under Ind AS; and

(d) applying Ind AS in measurement of recognised assets and liabilities.

However, this principle is subject to certain exceptions and certain optional exemptions availed by the Company as detailed below:

(a) Derecognition of financial assets and liabilities

The Company has applied the derecognition requirements of financial assets and liabilities prospectively for transactions occurring on or after April 1,2016 (date of transition).

(b) Impairment of financial assets

The Company has applied the impairment requirements of Ind AS 109 retrospectively; however, as permitted by Ind AS 101, it has used reasonable and supportable information that is available without undue cost or effort to determine the credit risk at the date that financial instruments were initially recognised in order to compare it with the credit risk at the transition date. Further, the Company has not undertaken an exhaustive search for information when determining, at the date of transition to Ind AS, whether there have been significant increases in credit risk since initial recognition, as permitted by Ind AS 101.

(c) Deemed cost for property, plant and equipment, investment property and intangible assets.

The Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all of its plant and equipment, investment property and intangible assets recognised as of April 1,2016 measured as per Previous GAAP and use that carrying value as its deemed cost as of the aforesaid transition date.

Source : Dion Global Solutions Limited
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