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SENSEX NIFTY India | Notes to Account > Auto Ancillaries > Notes to Account from Munjal Showa - BSE: 520043, NSE: MUNJALSHOW

Munjal Showa

BSE: 520043|NSE: MUNJALSHOW|ISIN: INE577A01027|SECTOR: Auto Ancillaries
Nov 15, 16:00
1.75 (1.37%)
VOLUME 6,388
Nov 15, 15:57
2.35 (1.84%)
VOLUME 25,200
Mar 17
Notes to Accounts Year End : Mar '18

B. Terms/Rights attached to equity shares

1. The Company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs. 2 per share. Each holder of equity share is entitled to one vote per share. The Company declares and pays dividend in Indian rupees.

2. In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive the remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

As per records of the Company, including its register of shareholders/ members and other declarations received from shareholders regarding beneficial interest, the above shareholding represents both legal and beneficial ownerships of shares.

The general reserve is used from time to time to transfer profits from retained earnings for appropriation purposes. As the general reserve is created by transfer from one component of equity to another and is not an item of other comprehensive income, items included in the general reserve will not be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss.


After the reporting date, the following dividends were proposed by the directors subject to the approval at the annual general meeting; the dividends have not been recognised as a liability. Dividends would attract dividend distribution tax (DDT) when declared or paid.

A provision is recognised for expected warranty claims on products sold during the last one to five years as per warranty period on respective models, based on past experience of level of repairs and returns. Assumption used to calculate the provision for warranties are based on current sales level and current information available about past returns based on the warranty period for all products sold. The table above gives information about movement in warranty provision.

Provision for contingency

The Company had received a show-cause notice from Haryana State Pollution Control Board (‘HSPCB’) in 2009-10 towards contamination of ground water caused due to higher concentration of chromium used by the Company as compared to the minimum expected level. Pursuant to the show cause notice, the management had submitted a time bound remediation plan as per which specified milestones were to be achieved at the end of each quarter till December 2010. A bank guarantee of Rs. 500 lacs had also been submitted to HSPCB. The management had initiated adequate steps suggested by the experts and had completed the plan within the overall time frame. Against the appeal filed by the Company with Appellate Authority, HSPCB, the case had been decided by the appellate authority on November 4, 2011 and as per the order of the appellate authority, bank guarantee of Rs. 375 lacs had been released and bank guarantee of Rs. 125 lacs had been forfeited by HSPCB. The Company had filed a writ petition against the order of the appellate authority before the Hon’ble High Court of Punjab and Haryana, which gave the decision for transfer of the case to National Green Tribunal, New Delhi. National Green Tribunal has disposed off our Appeal vide Judgment dated 03.11.2016 stating that we see no reason to interfere with the order dated 09.08.2010 passed by the HSPCB, partially encashing the bank guarantee furnished by the appellant industry to the extent of Rs.125 lacs and directed the Chairman of the HSPCB to personally conduct an inquiry into the matter, fix responsibility and take action in accordance with law. Provision of Rs. 75 lacs (March 31, 2017: Rs. 75 lacs, April 1, 2016; Rs. 75 lacs), over and above the amount already forfeited by HSPCB, had been retained towards any contingency, as per management’s assessment of the costs to be incurred.

* Includes diminution in value of investments in Taurus Ultra Short Term Bond Fund of Rs. Nil (for the year ended March 31, 2017: Rs. 172.37 lacs)

# Government grants have been received for the purchase of certain items of property, plant and equipment. There are no unfulfilled conditions or contingencies attached to these grants. The grant set up as deferred income is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a systematic basis over the useful life of the property, plant & equipment.

3. Critical accounting judgements and key sources of estimation uncertainty

In the application of the Company accounting policies, which are described in note 2, the management of the Company are required to make judgements, estimates and assumptions about the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. The estimates and associated assumptions are based on historical experience and other factors that are considered to be relevant. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

The estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised in the period in which the estimate is revised if the revision affects only that period, or in the period of the revision and future periods if the revision affects both current and future periods.

The following are the areas of estimation uncertainty and critical judgements that the management has made in the process of applying the Company’s accounting policies:

(a) Impairment of non-financial assets

The carrying amounts of the Company’s non-financial assets, other than deferred tax assets, are reviewed at the end of each reporting period to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If any such indication exists, then the asset’s recoverable amount is estimated.

The recoverable amount of an asset or cash-generating unit (‘CGU’) is the greater of its value in use and its fair value less costs to sell. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset or CGU. For the purpose of impairment testing, assets that cannot be tested individually are grouped together into the smallest group of assets that generates cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows of other assets or groups of assets (‘CGU’).

The Company’s corporate assets do not generate separate cash inflows. If there is an indication that a corporate asset may be impaired, then the recoverable amount is determined for the CGU to which the corporate asset belongs.

(b) Useful life of depreciable assets

Management reviews the useful lives of depreciable assets at each reporting. As at March 31, 2018 management assessed that the useful lives represent the expected utility of the assets to the Company. Further, there is no significant change in the useful lives as compared to previous year.

(c) Provision and contingent liabilities

(i) Provision for contingent liabilities

On an on-going basis, the Company reviews pending cases, claims by third parties and other contingencies. For contingent losses that are considered probable, an estimated loss is recorded as an accrual in financial statements. Loss contingencies that are considered possible are not provided for but disclosed as Contingent liabilities in the financial statements. Contingencies the likelihood of which is remote are not disclosed in the financial statements. Gain contingencies are not recognized until the contingency has been resolved and amounts are received or receivable. Gain contingencies are, however disclosed in the financial statements.

(ii) Estimation of defined benefits and compensated absences

The present value of the gratuity and compensated absence obligation are determined using actuarial valuations. An actuarial valuation involves making various assumptions that may differ from actual developments in the future. These include the determination of the discount rate, future salary increases and mortality rates. Due to the complexities involved in the valuation and its long-term nature, a defined benefit obligation is highly sensitive to changes in these assumptions. All assumptions are reviewed at each reporting date.

The parameter most subject to change is the discount rate. In determining the appropriate discount rate for plans operated in India, the management considers the interest rates of government bonds in currencies consistent with the currencies of the post-employment benefit obligation. The mortality rate is based on publicly available mortality tables for the specific countries. Those mortality tables tend to change only at interval in response to demographic changes. Future salary increases and gratuity increases are based on expected future inflation rates. Further details about gratuity and leave encashment obligations are given in Note 29.

(iii) Provision for warranty

A provision is recognised for expected warranty claims on products sold during the last one to five years as per warranty period on respective models, based on past experience of level of repairs and returns. Assumption used to calculate the provision for warranties are based on current sales level and current information available about past returns based on the warranty period for all products sold.

4. Employee benefits

Defined Contribution Plans - General Description

The Company makes contribution towards employees’ provident fund, superannuation fund & employees state insurance. Under the schemes, the Company is required to contribute a specified percentage of payroll cost, as specified in the rules of the schemes to these defined contribution schemes. The Company has recognised Rs. 591.32 lacs (201617: Rs. 539.54 lacs) as an expense towards contribution to these plans.

Defined Benefit Plans - General Description Gratuity:

The gratuity plan is governed by the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. Under the Act, employees who have completed five years of service are entitled to specific benefit. The level of benefit provided depends on the member’s length of service, salary and retirement age. The employee is entitled to a benefit equivalent to 15 days salary last drawn for each completed year of service with part thereof in excess of six months. The same is payable on termination of service or retirement or death whichever is earlier.

This is a funded benefit plan for qualifying employees. The Company makes contributions to LIC policy to cover the liability of the Company. The scheme provides for a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service.

These plans typically expose the Company to actuarial risks such as: investment risk, inherent interest rate risk, longevity risk and salary risk.

The most recent actuarial valuation of the plan assets and the present value of the defined benefit obligation were carried out as at March 31, 2018 by Mr. K. K. Wadhwa (Membership no. 00209), Fellow of the Institute of Actuaries of India. The present value of the defined benefit obligation, and the related current service cost, were measured using the projected unit credit method.

The following tables summarise the components of net benefit expense recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss and the funded status and amounts recognised in the Balance Sheet for the respective plans:

The Company makes annual contribution to Life Insurance Corporation (LIC). As LIC does not disclose the composition of its portfolio investments, break-down of plan investments by investment type is not available to disclose.

Significant actuarial assumptions for the determination of the defined obligation are discount rate and expected salary increase. The sensitivity analysis below have been determined based on reasonable possible changes of the respective assumptions occurring at the end of the year, while holding all other assumptions constant.

- If the discount rate is 50 basis points higher (lower), the defined benefit obligation would decrease by Rs. 87.87 lacs (increase by Rs. 95.02 lacs) [as at March 31, 2017: decrease by Rs. 64.94 lacs (increase by Rs. 69.95 lacs)] [as at April 1, 2016: decrease by Rs. 45.10 lacs (increase by Rs. 48.52 lacs)].

- If the expected salary growth increases (decreases) by 50 basis points, the defined benifit obligation would increase by Rs. 93.85 lacs (decrease by Rs. 87.65 lacs) [as at March 31, 2017: increase by Rs. 69.98 lacs (decrease by Rs. 65.55 lacs)] [as at April 1, 2016: increase by Rs. 48.76 lacs (decrease by Rs.45.71 lacs)]

Sensitivities due to change in mortality rate and change in withdrawal rate are not material and hence impact of such change is not calculated.

Sensitivity Analysis

The sensitivity analysis presented above may not be representative of the actual change in the defined benefit obligation as it is unlikely that the change in assumptions would occur in isolation of one another as some of the assumptions may be correlated.

Furthermore, in presenting the above sensitivity analysis, the present value of the defined benefit obligation has been calculated using the projected unit credit method at the end of reporting year, which is same as that applied in calculating the defined benefit obligation liability recognized in the balance sheet.

The Company expects to make a contribution of Rs. 221.52 lacs (as at March 31, 2017 Rs 165.80 lacs, as at April 1, 2016 Rs. 92.45 lacs) to the defined benefit plans during the next financial year.

5. Disclosure in respect of operating leases

Operating lease : Company as lessee

The Company has taken various residential properties under operating lease agreements. These are cancellable leases and are renewable by mutual consent on mutually agreed terms. There is no escalation clause in the lease agreement. There are no restrictions imposed by lease arrangements. There are no subleases.

6. Contingent liabilities, commitments and assets (to the extent not provided for) a. Capital and other commitments

At March 31 2018, the estimated amount of contracts remaining to be executed on capital account was Rs. 200.19 lacs (March 31, 2017: Rs. 59.47 lacs, April 1, 2016: Rs. 257.79 lacs)

The Company has other commitments, for purchase/sales orders which are issued after considering requirements per operating cycle for purchase /sale of goods and services, employee’s benefits including union agreement in normal course of business. The Company does not have any long term commitments or material non-cancellable contractual commitments/contracts, which might have material impact on the financial statements.

* The Company has filed subsidy claim amounting to Rs. 670 lacs equivalent to 20% of the land cost (including enhanced price) related to plant at Manesar with Haryana State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (HSIIDCL) on April 25, 2005 in accordance with the Notification No.2/I/22-IIB-II-99 issued by Industries Department of the State of Haryana, which was rejected by HSIIDCL on May 20, 2008 on certain grounds. The Company, thereafter, challenged the rejection by filing writ petition before High Court of Punjab & Haryana. on July 25, 2014 During the current year, the Company received a favorable order dated August 10, 2017 from High Court directing HSIIDCL to pass fresh orders by November 30, 2017 and pay the subsidy claim within eight weeks. No order is received from HSIIDCL confirming the subsidy claim. till date The Company is considering filing a writ petition to get HSIIDCL to comply with the High Court order

7. Related party disclosures under IND AS 24

(i) Names of related parties and related party relationship

(a) Key management personnel and their relatives

- Mr. Yogesh Chander Munjal - Chairman cum Managing Director

- Mr. Matsui Masanao- Non executive director

- Mr. Ashok Kumar Munjal- Non executive director

- Mr. Pankaj Munjal- Independent director

- Ms. Charu Munjal- Non executive director

- Mr. Vinod Kumar Agrawal- Independent director

- Mr. Nand Lal Dhameja- Independent director

- Mrs. Devi Singh- Independent director

- Mr. Surinder Kumar Mehta- Independent director

- Mrs. Nidhi Kapoor - Daughter of Mr. Yogesh Chander Munjal

- Mr. Isao Ito - Joint Managing Director- Upto September 30, 2016

- Mr. Shigeki Kobayashi - Joint Managing Director w.e.f. October 26, 2016

(b) Enterprise with significant influence over the Company

- Showa Corporation, Japan

(c) Enterprises owned or controlled by key management personnel and their relatives

- Dayanand Munjal Investments Private Limited

- Majestic Auto Limited

- Shivam Autotech Limited

(d) Additional related parties as per Companies Act 2013, with whom transactions have taken during the year Key managerial personnel

- Mr. Pankaj Gupta- Chief Financial Officer

- Mr. Saurabh Agrawal- Company Secretary

Enterprises in which Director is a member/partner

- Sunbeam Auto Private Limited

- Munjal Castings (Partnership firm)

8. Segment information

The Company primarily operates in the auto components segment. The Company operates as an ancilliary and manufactures auto components for the two-wheeler and four-wheeler industry, primary products being shock absorbers, struts and window balancers.

The board of directors of the Company, which has been identified as being the chief operating decision maker (CODM), evaluates the Company’s performance, allocates resources based on the analysis of the various performance indicators of the Company as a single unit. Therefore, there is no reportable segment for the Company as per the requirement of IND AS 108 “Operating Segments”.

Geographical Locations: The Geographical segments have been considered for disclosure as the secondary segment, under which the domestic segment includes sales to customers located in India and overseas segment includes sales to customer located outside India.

a) Domestic segment includes sales to customers located in India.

b) Overseas segment includes sales to customers located outside India.

c) There are no non-current assets located outside India.

d) The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for the Company. Revenue from operations have been allocated to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

Information about major customers

Included in revenue from operations (net of taxes) arising from domestic sales are revenues which arose from following customers which were 10% or more of the Company’s revenue:

No other single customers contributed 10% or more to the company’s revenue for both 2017-2018 and 2016-2017.

9. Financial instruments

10 Capital Management

The Company manages its capital to ensure that the Company will be able to continue as a going concern while maximising the return to stakeholders through efficient allocation of capital towards expansion of business, optimisation of working capital requirements and deployment of surplus funds into various investment options. The Company does not have debts and meets its capital requirement through equity.

The Company is not subject to any externally imposed capital requirements

The management of the Company reviews the capital structure of the Company on regular basis. As part of this review, the Board considers cost of capital and the risks associated with the movement in the working capital.

11 Fair value measurements

The Company uses the following hierarchy for determining and/or disclosing the fair value of financial instruments by valuation techniques:

The following is the basis of categorising the financial instruments measured at fair value into Level 1 to Level 3: Level 1: This level includes financial assets that are measured by reference to quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. This category consists of quoted debentures and open-ended mutual funds Level 2: This level includes financial assets and liabilities, measured using inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly (i.e., as prices) or indirectly (i.e., derived from prices). Level 3: This level includes financial assets and liabilities measured using inputs that are not based on observable market data (unobservable inputs). Fair values are determined in whole or in part, using a valuation model based on assumptions that are neither supported by prices from observ able current market transactions in the same instrument nor are they based on available market data.

Fair value of the Company’s financial assets that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis:

There are certain Company’s financial assets which are measured at fair value at the end of each reporting period. Following table gives information about how the fair values of these financial assets are determined:

The fair value of the financial assets and financial liabilities are included at the amount that would be received to sell an asset and paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between the market participants. The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair values:

- Investments traded in active markets are determined by reference to quotes from the financial institutions; for example: Net asset value (NAV) for investments in open-ended mutual funds declared by mutual fund house, quoted price of equity shares in the stock exchange etc.

- The fair value of debenture is based on direct market observable inputs.

- Trade receivables, cash & cash equivalents, other bank balances, loans, other current financial assets, trade payables and other current financial liabilities: Approximate their carrying amounts largely due to short-term maturities of these instruments.

- Management uses its best judgment in estimating the fair value of its financial instruments. However, there are inherent limitations in any estimation technique. Therefore, for substantially all financial instruments, the fair value estimates presented above are not necessarily indicative of all the amounts that the Company could have realized or paid in sale transactions as of respective dates. As such, the fair value of the financial instruments subsequent to the respective reporting dates may be different from the amounts reported at each year end.

12. Financial risk management objectives

The Company’s senior management monitors and manages the financial risks relating to the operations of the Company. These risks include market risk (including currency risk, interest rate risk and other price risk), credit risk and liquidity risk.

The Company seeks to minimise the effects of these risks by using diversification of investments, credit limit to exposures, etc., to hedge risk exposures. The use of financial instruments is governed by the Company’s policies on foreign exchange risk and the investment. The Company does not enter into or trade financial instruments, including derivative financial instruments, for speculative purposes.

Market risk

“Market risk is the risk of any loss in future earnings, in realizable fair values or in future cash flows that may result from a change in the price of a financial instrument. The Company’s activities expose it primarily to the financial risks of changes in foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates risk/ liquidity which impact returns on investments. The Company enters into derivative financial instruments to manage its exposure to foreign currency risk including import payables. Future specific market movements cannot be normally predicted with reasonable accuracy. Market risk exposures are measured using sensitivity analysis.

Foreign currency risk management

The Company undertakes transactions denominated in foreign currencies and consequently, exposures to exchange rate fluctuations arise. Exchange rate exposures are managed within approved policy parameters utilising forward foreign exchange contracts. The counter party for these contracts is generally a bank, however there are no outstanding forward exchange contracts at year end. The carrying amounts of the Company’s foreign currency denominated monetary assets and monetary liabilities at the end of the reporting period are as follows.

Foreign currency sensitivity

The following table details the Company’s sensitivity to a 5% increase and decrease in the Rs. against the relevant foreign currencies. ( )/(-)5% is the sensitivity rate used when reporting foreign currency risk internally to key management personnel and represents management’s assessment of the reasonably possible change in foreign exchange rates. The sensitivity analysis includes only outstanding foreign currency denominated monetary items and adjusts their translation at the period end for a 10% change in foreign currency rates. A positive number below indicates an increase in profit or equity where the Rs. strengthens ( )(-)5% against the relevant currency. For a 5% weakening of the Rs. against the relevant currency, there would be a comparable impact on the profit or equity, and the balances below would be positive or negative.

In management’s opinion, the sensitivity analysis is unrepresentative of the inherent foreign exchange risk because the exposure at the end of the reporting period does not reflect the exposure during the year/ in future years.

Credit risk management

Credit risk refers to the risk that a counterparty will default on its contractual obligations resulting in financial loss to the Company. The Company has adopted a policy of only dealing with creditworthy counterparties as a means of mitigating the risk of financial loss from defaults. The Company’s exposure and wherever appropriate, the credit ratings of its counterparties are continuously monitored and spread amongst various counterparties. Credit exposure is controlled by counterparty limits that are reviewed and approved by the management of the Company. Financial instruments that are subject to concentrations of credit risk, principally consist of balance with banks, investments in debt instruments/ bonds, trade receivables, loans and advances and derivative financial instruments. None of the financial instruments of the Company result in material concentrations of credit risks.

Balances with banks were not past due or impaired as at the year end. In other financial assets that are not past dues and not impaired, there were no indication of default in repayment as at the year end.

The age analysis of trade receivables as of the balance sheet date have been considered from the due date and disclosed in the note no. 9 above.

The Company has used a practical expedient by computing the expected loss allowance for financial assets based on historical credit loss experience and adjustments for forward looking information.

Other price risks including interest rate risk

The Company has deployed its surplus funds into various financial instruments including units of mutual funds, debentures, etc. The Company is exposed to NAV (net asset value) price risks arising from investments in these funds. The value of these investments is impacted by movements in interest rates , liquidity and credit quality of underlying securities.

NAV price sensitivity analysis

The sensitivity analyses below have been determined based on the exposureto NAV price risks at the end of the reporting period. If NAV prices had been 1% higher/lower:

- profit for the year ended March 31, 2018 would increase/decrease by Rs. 244.05 lacs (for the year ended March 31, 2017: increase/decrease by Rs. 170.94 lacs).

Liquidity risk

Liquidity risk represents the inability of the Company to meet its financial obligations within stipulated time. To mitigate this risk, the Company maintains sufficient liquidity by way of readily convertible instruments and working capital limits from banks.

13. The Company did not have any long-term contracts including derivative contracts for which there were any material foreseeable losses.

14. There has been no delay in transferring amounts, required to be transferred, to the Investor Education and Protection Fund. Unpaid dividend (refer note 16 (b)) does not include any amount outstanding as at March 31, 2018 which are required to be credited to Investor Education and Protection Fund.

15. The financial statements were approved for issue by the board of directors on May 30, 2018.

16. First-time adoption of Ind AS

The Company has prepared the opening balance sheet as per Ind AS as of April 1, 2016 (the transition date) by recognising all assets and liabilities whose recognition is required by Indian AS, not recognising items of assets or liabilities which are not permitted by Indian AS, by classifying items from previous GAAp as required under Ind AS in measurement of recognised assets and liabilities.

However, this principle is subject to optional exemptions availed by the Company as detailed below

Deemed cost-Previous GAAP carrying amount: (Property, Plant and Equipment and Intangible)

Ind AS 101 permits a first-time adopter to elect to continue with the carrying value for all of its property, plant and equipment as recognised in the financial statements as at the date of transition to Ind AS, measured as per the previous GAAP and use that as its deemed cost as at the date of transition after making necessary adjustments for de-commissioning liabilities. This exemption can also be used for intangible assets covered by Ind AS 38 Intangible Assets and investment property covered by Ind AS 40 Investment Properties.

Accordingly, the company has elected to measure all of its property, plant and equipment and intangible assets at their previous GAAP carrying value.

17 Cash flow Statements

There were no significant reconciliation items between cash flows prepared under Indian GAAP and those prepared under Ind AS.

Source : Dion Global Solutions Limited
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