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SENSEX NIFTY India | Notes to Account > Media & Entertainment > Notes to Account from KSS - BSE: 532081, NSE: KSERASERA


BSE: 532081|NSE: KSERASERA|ISIN: INE216D01026|SECTOR: Media & Entertainment
Aug 09, 16:00
VOLUME 100,538
Oct 15, 15:54
VOLUME 2,656,641
Mar 16
Notes to Accounts Year End : Mar '18


KSS Limited (BSE Scrip Code: 532071; NSE Scrip Code KSERASERA) in a global player within the Indian media and entertainment.

KSS Limited (''K Sera Sera Limited'' or ''the Company'') along with its wholly owned subsidiaries K Sera Sera Miniplex Limited (KSS Miniplex), K Sera Sera Digital Cinema Limited (KSS Digital), K Sera Sera Box Office Private Limited (KSS Box Office) Birla Gold and Precious Metals Ltd, Birla Jewels Ltd., and step down subsidiaries Cherish Gold Private Limited , KSS Speed Technology Private Limited, is the most diversified media company. The Company through its subsidiaries and step- down subsidiaries is into the business of Miniplexes, Digital Cinema, Online Trading in Gold & Jewellery, Project Consultancy and General Trading (UAE).


In accordance with the notification issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, the Company has adopted Indian Accounting Standards (“Ind AS”) notified under The Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 and The Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) amendment Rules 2016, as amended with effect from April 1, 2017. The financial statements of the Company have been prepared and presented in accordance with Ind AS. Previous year numbers in the financial statements have been restated to Ind AS. In accordance with Ind AS 101 First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standards, the Company has presented a reconciliation from the presentation of financial statements under Accounting Standards notified under The Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (“Previous GAAP”) to Ind AS of Shareholders’ equity as at March 31, 2017 and April 1, 2016 and of the comprehensive net income for the year ended March 31, 2017. (refer note 37 for reconciliations and effects of transition).

These financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost basis, except for certain financial instruments which are measured at fair value at the end of each reporting period, as explained further in the accounting policies below.

Certain financial assets like investment in equity shares are measured at fair value,

Assets held for sale which form part of disposal group are measured at cost or fair value less cost to sale which ever is lower.

The standalone financial statements are presented in INR (‘^’) and all the values are rounded off to the nearest lakhs (INR100,000) except when otherwise indicated.

The Company has only one class of equity shares having per value of Rs 1/- per share. Each holder of equity shares having par value of Rs 1/- per equity share is entitled to one vote per equity share. n the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution wil l be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

Company issued 2,300 (Two Thousand three Hundred sixty seven) Optionally Convertible Redeemable Bond of Rs 1,00,000/- each. out of them 800 OCRBs converted into 56,48,873 fully paid equity shares alloted in Financial Year 2014-15. And remaining 1500 (One Thousand Five Hundred) Optionally Convertible Redeemable Bond not converted till the reporting date.

Fair value hierarchy

Level 1 - Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2 - Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly (i.e. as prices) or indirectly (i.e. derived from prices).

Level 3 - Inputs for the assets or liabilities that are not based on observable market data (unobservable inputs).

(*) The fair value of these investment in equity shares are calculated based on discounted cash flow approach for un-quoted market instruments which are classified as level III fair value hierarchy.

(A) The carrying value of these accounts are considered to be the same as their fair value, due to their short term nature. Accordingly, these are classified as level 3 of fair value hierarchy.

3. Financial risk management

The Company has exposure to following risks arising from financial instruments

- credit risk

- market risk

- liquidity risk

(a) Risk management framework

The Company''s board of directors has overall responsibility for the establishment and oversight of the Company''s risk management framework. The Company''s risk management policies are established to identify and analyse the risks faced by the Company, to set appropriate risk limits and controls and to monitor risks and adherence to limits. Risk management policies and systems are reviewed regularly to reflect changes in market conditions and the Company’s activities.

(b) Credit risk

Credit risk is the risk that counter party will not meet its obligations under a financial instruments or customer contract leading to a financial loss. The Company is exposed to credit risk from its operating activities (primarily trade receivables) from its financing activities including deposits with banks and investment in quoted and un-quoted equity instruments.

i) Trade and other receivables:

Credit risk is managed by each business unit subject to the Company’s established policy, procedures and control relating to customer credit risk management. Outstanding customer receivables are regularly monitored.

The impairment analysis is performed at each reporting date on an individual basis for major customers. In addition, a large number of minor receivables are grouped into homogeneous groups and assessed for impairment collectively. The maximum exposure to credit risk at the reporting date is the carrying value of each class of financial assets. The Company does not hold collateral as security.

Expected credit loss (ECL) assessment for corporate customers as at 1 April 2016, 31 March 2017 and 31 March 2018

The Company allocates each exposure to a credit risk grade based on a variety of data that is determined to be predictive of the risk of loss (including but not limited to past payment history, security by way of deposits, external ratings, audited financial statements, management accounts and cash flow projections and available press information about customers) and applying experienced credit judgement

ii) Other financial assets and deposits with banks:

Credit risk on cash and cash equivalent is limited as (including bank balances, fixed deposits and margin money with banks) the Company generally transacts with banks with high credit ratings assigned by international and domestic credit rating agencies.

(c) Market Risk Equity price risk

The Company is exposed to equity price risk from investments in equity securities measured at fair value through profit and loss. The Management monitors the proportion of equity securities in its investment portfolio based on market indices and based on company performance for un-quoted equity instruments. Material investments within the portfolio are managed on an individual basis and all buy and sell decisions are approved by the Board of Directors. Further, major investments in un-quoted equity instruments are strategic in nature and hence invested for long-term purpose.

Interest rate risk

Interest rate risk is the risk that the future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in market interest rates. The Company’s exposure to the risk of changes in market interest rates relates primarily to its short term borrowings in nature of working capital loans, which carry floating interest rates. Accordingly, the Company’s risk of changes in interest rates relates primarily to the Company’s debt obligations with floating interest rates.

(d) Liquidity Risk

Liquidity is the risk that the Company will encounter difficulty in meeting the obligations associated with its financial liabilities that are settled by delivering cash or another financial asset. The Company’s approach to managing the liquidity is to ensure, as far as possible, that it will have sufficient liquidity to meet its liabilities when they are due, under both normal and stressed conditions, without incurring unacceptable losses or risking damage to the Company’s reputation.

The Company’s principal sources of liquidity are cash and cash equivalents and the cash flow that is generated from operations. The Company believes that the cash and cash equivalents is sufficient to meet its current requirements. Accordingly no liquidity risk is perceived.

4. Capital management

The Company’s objective is to maintain a strong capital base to ensure sustained growth in business and to maximise the shareholders value. The Capital Management focusses to maintain an optimal structure that balances growth and maximizes shareholder value.

5. First-time adoption of Ind AS

These financial statements, for the year ended March 31, 2018, have been prepared in accordance with Ind AS. For the year ended March 31, 2017, the Company prepared its financial statements in accordance with accounting standards notified under section 133 of the Companies Act 2013, read together with paragraph 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (‘Indian GAAP’ or ‘ Previous GAAP’).

Accordingly, the Company has prepared financial statements which comply with Ind AS applicable for year ending on March 31, 2018 together with the comparative period data, as described in the summary of significant accounting policies. In preparing these financial statements, the Company’s opening balance sheet was prepared as at April 1, 2016, the Company’s date of transition to Ind AS. This note explains the principal adjustments made by the Company in restating its Indian GAAP financial statements, including the balance sheet as at April 1, 2016 and the financial statements as at and for the year ended March 31, 2017.

Optional exemptions availed and mandatory exceptions

In preparing these financial statements, the Company has applied the below mentioned optional exemptions and mandatory exceptions.

A. Optional exemptions availed (i) Investment in subsidiary

As per Ind AS 101, a Company may elect to:

As permitted by Ind AS 101, the Company has elected to continue with the carrying values under previous GAAP for investment in subsidiary as deemed cost.

B. Mandatory exceptions

(i) Estimates

As per Ind AS 101, an entity’s estimates in accordance with Ind AS at the date of transition to Ind AS at the end of the comparative period presented in the entity’s first Ind AS financial statements, as the case may be, should be consistent with estimates made for the same date in accordance with the previous GAAP unless there is objective evidence that those estimates were in error. However, the estimates should be adjusted to reflect any differences in accounting policies.

As per Ind AS 101, where application of Ind AS requires an entity to make certain estimates that were not required under previous GAAP, those estimates should be made to reflect conditions that existed at the date of transition (for preparing opening Ind AS balance sheet) or at the end of the comparative period (for presenting comparative information as per Ind AS)

The Company’s estimates under Ind AS are consistent with the above requirement. Key estimates considered in preparation of the financial statements that were not required under the previous GAAP are listed below:

- Fair valuation of financial instruments carried at FVTPL

- Impairment of financial assets based on the expected credit loss model

(ii) Derecognition of financial assets and liabilities

As per Ind AS 101, an entity should apply the derecognition requirements in Ind AS 109, Financial Instruments, prospectively for transactions occuring on or the after the date of transition to Ind AS. However, an entity may apply the derecognition requirements retrospectively from a date chosen by it if the information needed to apply Ind AS 109 to financial assets and financial liabilities derecognised as a result of past transactions was obtained at the time of initially accounting for those transactions.

(iii) Classification and measurement of financial assets

Ind AS 101 requires an entity to assess classification of financial assets on the basis of facts and circumstances existing as on the date of transition.

Further, the standard permits measurement of financial assets accounted at amortised cost based on facts and circumstances existing at the date of transition if retrospective application is impracticable.

Accordingly, the Company has determined the classification of financial assets based on facts and circumstances that exist on the date of transition. Measurement of the financial assets accounted at amortized cost and fair value through profit and loss have been done retrospectively except where the _same is impracticable._

* The previous GAAP figures have been reclassified to reconfirm to Ind AS presentation requirements for the purpose of this note

E. Reconciliation of Cash flow for the year ended 31 March 2017

There were no reconciliation items between cash flows prepared under Indian GAAP and those prepared under Ind AS.


1) The Company has considered waiver of customs duty as government grant related to asset acquisition. As per the terms and conditions of the scheme, the grant received is to compensate the import cost of assets subject to an export obligation as prescribed in the EPCG Scheme; recognition of grant in the statement of profit and loss has been linked to fulfilment of associated export obligations. Accordingly, corresponding export obligation created.

2) As per the requirements of Ind AS 109, the Company has measured all equity investments other than subsidiary, associate and joint ventures at fair value thorough profit and loss. As per Indian GAAP, the same was recorded at cost.

3) The Company has provided expected credit loss as per requirements of Ind AS 109.

6. Contingent liabilities

a. A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

The Maharashtra Government had issued a notification on August 30, 2005, as per which entities leasing copyrights of cinematographic films are required to pay value added tax (VAT) @ 4% retrospectively wef. May 1, 2000. Subsequently, upon the representation of “The Cinematograph Exhibitor’s Association of India’ (“The Association’), the levy of the said tax was waived for the period May 1, 2000 to March 31, 2005. The revised notification extending similar relief up to the period commencing from April 1, 2005 is being pursued by the association. The Company, in line with the view taken by the Industry, is of the opinion that VAT is not applicable to the activities carried by the Company and has also taken a legal opinion in this regard. The Company has also not received any demand notice from the VAT authorities. As a matter of prudence, the Company has made ad hoc payments of Rs 15.00 Lacs under protest, and 16.70 lacs against the demand which is disclosed under ‘Loans and Advances’.

Demand of Rs 1035.05 Lacs including the interest and penalty under MVAT. In line with film industry consensus, the Company is of the opinion that there are no grounds for levying VAT Based on legal Opinion obtained; the company is of the view that said demand contesting. Hence, no provision has been considered by the management in these financial statements. Our opinion is not qualified in respect of this matter

Having regard to the above facts, the Company does not expect any liability on this account. In line with film industry consensus, the Company is of the opinion that there are no grounds for levying VAT on film distribution activity and hence no provision is made in the books of accounts for these years. The same is disclosed as contingent liability under Notes to Accounts.

b. The company, having IEC number 0306007649, export rights of several films produced by them and/or for which, the distribution rights were purchased/ acquired by them in the past. By exporting distribution rights of the films in the territories abroad, KSS did import of various capital goods including 400 digital cinematographic projectors under EPCG Scheme - concessional rate of duty 3% with the proper compliances. Under EPCG Scheme company have to export eight times (Approx. 4,500.00 lacs) of duty saved within eight years, but till date company did not export under the said obligation. Company imports various digital cinema equipments under the 9(nine) licenses and duty saved 550.81 Lacs and expiry of said license between September 2018 to August 2019.

Demand of Rs 734.06 Lacs excluding interest and penalty under section 142 of the Custom Act 1962. Custom department freeze/attached the various assets and bank accounts against the said recovery. Based on legal Opinion obtained, the company is of the view that said demand contesting. Hence, no provision has been considered by the management in these financial statements. Our opinion is not qualified in respect of this matter. The security deposit (Custom) Rs 190.10 Lacs shown total cost of the assets and account freeze by the custom department, against the Recovery of Government dues under section 142 of the Custom Act 1962 Rs 734.06 Lacs excluding interest and penalties. Custom department freeze/attached the various assets and bank account of KSS Group against the said recovery.

c. The Company has cases pending at the Securities Exchange Board of India. The departments are yet to pass final order hence the liability for the same is currently unascertainable.

Source : Dion Global Solutions Limited
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