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Moneycontrol.com India | Accounting Policy > Electrodes & Graphite > Accounting Policy followed by HEG - BSE: 509631, NSE: HEG
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HEG

BSE: 509631|NSE: HEG|ISIN: INE545A01016|SECTOR: Electrodes & Graphite
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Accounting Policy Year : Mar '18

1.1 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the reporting period and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Although these estimates are based upon management’s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

1.2 Revenue Recognition Sale of Goods

(i) Graphite Electrodes (Including other carbon products)

Revenue from the sale of goods is recognized when all the following conditions have been satisfied:

(a) The entity has transferred to the buyer the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods;

(b) The entity retains neither continuing managerial involvement to the degree usually associated with ownership nor effective control over the goods sold;

(c) The amount of revenue can be measured reliably;

(d) It is probable that the economic benefits associated with the transaction will flow to the entity;

(e) The costs incurred or to be incurred in respect of the transaction can be measured reliably. Revenue from sale of goods is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable, net of returns and allowances, trade discounts and volume rebates.

(f) In accordance with Ind AS 18 “Revenue Recognition” and Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013, Sales for the previous year ended 31 March 2017 and for the period 1 April to 30 June 2017 were reported gross of Excise Duty and net of VAT/CST. Excise Duty was reported as a separate expense line item. Consequent to the introduction of Goods and Services Tax (GST) with effect from 1 July 2017, VAT/CST, Excise Duty etc. have been subsumed into GST and accordingly the same is not recognised as part of sales as per the requirements of Ind AS 18.

(ii) Power

Revenue from power generation is recognized on transmission of electricity to SEB or third parties

(i) Power generated at the power plants is primarily consumed by the manufacturing units and excess power is sold to SEBs or third parties which are included in the sales as below:

- Power transferred to Graphite unit at MPEB rate.

- Excess power generated is sold to SEB’s at rate stipulated by SEB’s and/or third parties at market rate equivalent.

(ii) Inter-divisional sales comprising of sale of power from power plants to Graphite unit is reduced from revenue from operations in deriving net revenue.

Other Income

(i) Revenue in respect of Export Incentives is accounted on post export basis.

(ii) Entitlements to Renewal Energy Certificates owing to generation of power at tawa hydel plant are recognized when no significant uncertainty exists with regard to the amount to be realized and the ultimate collection thereof.

(iii) Revenue in respect of interest from customers is recognized when no significant uncertainty exists with regard to the amount to be realized and the ultimate collection thereof. Other Interest income is recognized using the effective interest rate (EIR).

(iv) Revenue in respect of other income is recognized when no significant uncertainty exists with regard to the amount to be realized and the ultimate collection thereof

Dividends

Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive payment is established.

1.3 Inventories

Inventories are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower except by products which are valued at net realizable value. The cost in respect of the various items of inventory is computed as under:

(i) In case of finished goods and work-in-progress, cost of inventories comprises of cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing them to their respective present location and condition.

(ii) In case of stores, spares and raw material at weighted average cost. The cost includes cost of purchase and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

(iii) Obsolete stocks are identified at each reporting date on the basis of technical evaluation and are charged off to revenue.

1.4 Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, Plant and Equipment are stated at Historical cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. Historical Cost includes its purchase price (net of CENVAT/ GST or any duty credits wherever applicable), after deducting trade discounts and rebates. It includes other costs directly attributable to bringing the asset to the location and condition necessary for it to be capable of operating in the manner intended by management and the borrowing costs for qualifying assets and the initial estimate of restoration cost if the recognition criteria are met.

When significant parts of plant and equipment are required to be replaced at intervals, the Company depreciates them separately based on their specific useful lives.

Subsequent expenditures relating to Property, Plant and Equipment is capitalized only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with these will flow to the company and the costs of the item can be measured reliably. Repairs and maintenance costs are charged to the statement of profit and loss when incurred.

An item of Property, Plant and Equipment and any significant part initially recognized is derecognised upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use. Any gain or loss arising on derecognition of the asset measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset is included in the income statement when the asset is derecognized.

1.5 Investment property

Investment Properties comprises freehold land and building (including property under construction) that are held for longterm rental yields and/or for capital appreciation. Investment properties are measured initially at cost, comprising the purchase price and directly attributable transaction cost. Subsequently investment property is carried at cost model, which is cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any in similar lines of Ind AS 16.

An investment property is derecognized on disposal or when the investment property is permanently withdrawn from use and no future economic benefits are expected from its disposal. Gains or losses arising on derecognition of investment property are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognised in profit or loss in the period of the retirement or disposal.

1.6 Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are recognized when it is probable that the expected future economic benefits that are attributable to the asset will flow to the entity; and the cost of the asset can be measured reliably.

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following Initial recognition, intangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment, if any.

The cost and related accumulated amortization are eliminated from financial statement upon disposal or retirement of the assets and the resulted gain or losses are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

Gains or losses arising from derecognition of an intangible asset are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

1.7 Depreciation

(A) Property, Plant and Equipments

Based on internal assessment and independent technical evaluation carried out by external valuer, The Management believes that the useful life of the assets as stated below best represents the life over which the management expects to use the assets. Hence the useful life for these assets is different from the useful lives as prescribed under Part C of Schedule II of the Companies Act 2013.

The method of depreciation and useful life considered on different assets is as below:

(i) Depreciation on all the assets at Hydel Power Plant at Tawa is provided on Straight line method. The useful life of assets determined is as below:

(ii) On the assets other than those mentioned at (i)above, depreciation is provided on following basis:

In case of Plant and machinery, depreciation is provided on Straight Line Method and in case of other assets on written down method. The useful life of assets determined is as below

(iii) Cost of acquisition and improvement of lease hold land is amortized over the lease period.

(iv) Assets costing upto ^ 5,000 are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

The residual values, useful lives and methods of depreciation of property, plant and equipment are reviewed at each financial year end and adjusted prospectively, if appropriate.

(B) Investment property

On assets classified as investment property, on written down value method, over the useful life prescribed in Schedule II.

1.8 Amortization Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are amortized over their respective individual useful lives on a straight line basis from date they are available. The estimated useful life is based on number of factors including effect of obsolesce and other economic factors.

Amortization method and useful lives of intangible assets are reviewed at each financial year end and adjusted prospectively, if appropriate.

1.9 Impairment of Non-Financial Assets

Intangible assets, Investment property and Property, Plant and Equipment are evaluated for recoverability whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amounts may not be recoverable. For the purpose of impairment testing, the recoverable amount (i.e. the higher of the fair value less cost to sell and the value-in-use) is determined on an individual asset basis unless the asset does not generate cash flows that are largely independent of those from other assets. In such cases, the recoverable amount is determined for the Cash Generating Unit (CGU) to which the asset belongs.

If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized in the statement of profit and loss is measured by the amount by which the carrying value of the assets exceeds the estimated recoverable amount of the asset.

An impairment loss is reversed in the statement of profit and loss if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount. The carrying amount of the asset is increased to its revised recoverable amount, provided that this amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of any accumulated amortization or depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years.

Impairment is reviewed periodically, including at each financial year end.

1.10 Foreign Exchange Transactions/Translation Functional Currency

The Financial statements are presented in INR, which is company’s functional currency.

Transactions in currencies other than the entity’s functional currency are recognized at the rates of exchange prevailing at the dates of the transactions. At the end of each reporting period, monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are translated at the rates prevailing at that date. Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on translating monetary items at rates different from those at which they were translated on initial recognition during the period or in previous financial statements are recognized in profit or loss in the period in which they arise.

Non monetary items denominated in foreign currency and measured at historical cost are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of transaction.

The exchange differences arising on reporting of long term foreign currency monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded, in so far as they relate to the acquisition of depreciable capital assets, are shown by addition to/deduction from the cost of the assets as per exemption provided under Ind AS-101.

1.11 Employee Benefits

A) Post Employment Benefits

Company operates the following post-employment scheme:

i) Defined Contribution Plans Provident Fund

The Company makes contribution to statutory Provident Fund in accordance with Employees Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 which is a defined contribution plan and contribution paid or payable is recognized as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

Superannuation

The Company makes contribution to Hindustan Electro Graphites Ltd Senior Executive Superannuation Fund Trust and contribution paid or payable is recognized as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

ii) Defined Benefit Plans Gratuity

The Company provides for gratuity a defined benefit retirement plan “The gratuity plan” covering eligible employees. The gratuity plan provides for lump sum payment to vested employee at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employee of an amount based on the salary of respective employees and the tenure of employment with the company.

Liability with regard to Gratuity Plan is determined by actuarial valuation, performed by an independent actuary at each Balance sheet date using the project unit credit method.

The company fully contributes all ascertained liabilities to the Hindustan Electro Graphites Staff Gratuity Fund Trust( The Trust), trustees administer contributions made to the Trust and contribution are invested in a scheme with Life Corporation of India, ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Company Ltd and Reliance Insurance Company Ltd as permitted by Indian Law

Gains and losses through re-measurements of the net defined benefit liability/ (asset) are recognized in other comprehensive income. The actual return of the portfolio of plan assets, in excess of the yields computed by applying the discount rate used to measure the defined benefit obligations is recognized in Other Comprehensive Income. The effects of any plan amendments are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

The company recognizes the net obligation in the balance sheet as an asset or liability

B) Other Long term Employee Benefits

The liabilities for earned leave which are not expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employee render the related services. They are therefore measured as the present value of expected future payments to be made in respect of service provided by employees upto the end of the period using project credit method. The benefits are discounted using the market yields at the end of the reporting period that have terms approximating to the terms of the related obligation. Remeasurement as a result of experience adjustment and changes in actuarial assumption are recognized in profit and loss.

1.12 Leases Where the Company is a lessee

(i) Leases under which the company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. When acquired, such assets are capitalized at fair value or present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease, whichever is lower.

(ii) Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

Where the Company is a lessor

Rental Income from operating leases is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the relevant lease, Costs including depreciation are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss. Initial direct costs incurred in negotiating and arranging an operating lease is recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.13 Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred income tax.

Current income tax

Current income tax for current and prior period is recognized at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities using tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date. Income tax expense is recognized in the statement of profit and loss except to the extent that it relates to the items recognized directly in equity and other comprehensive income.

Deferred Income Tax

Deferred Income Tax assets and liabilities are recognized using the balance sheet approach on temporary differences at the reporting date between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in financial statement.

Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are measured using tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date and are expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect of changes in tax rates on deferred income tax assets and liabilities is recognized as income or expense in the period that includes the enactment or the substantive enactment date.

A deferred income tax asset is recognized to the extent that it is probable that future taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences and tax losses can be utilized.

Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that related tax benefits will be realized to allow all or part of the deferred tax assets to be utilized. Unrecognized deferred tax assets are reassessed at each reporting date and are recognized to the extent that it has become probable that future taxable profits will allow deferred tax assets to be recovered.

The company offsets current tax assets and current tax liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right to set off the recognized amounts and where it intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

MAT credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the Minimum Alternative tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset. The said asset is created by way of a credit to the Statement of Profit and Loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement grouped with deferred tax assets (net) in the financial statement.

1.14 Government grants

The government grants are recognized only when there is reasonable assurance that the conditions attached to them shall be complied with, and the grants will be received.

Government grants related to assets are treated as deferred income and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss on a systematic and rational basis over the useful life of the asset.

Government grants related to revenue are recognized on a systematic basis in the statement of profit and loss over the periods necessary to match them with the related costs which they are intended to compensate.

1.15 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of items of Property plant and equipment that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are capitalized as part of the cost of the asset. All other borrowing costs are charged to the statement of profit and loss in the period in which they are incurred.

1.16 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities

Provisions are recognized when the company has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

As the timing of outflow of resources is uncertain, being dependent upon the outcome of the future proceedings, these provisions are not discounted to their present value.

A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

1.17 Earnings per Share

Basic earnings per equity share is computed by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to the equity holders of the company by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders is divided by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period after adjusting for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares if any.

1.18 Financial instruments

(i) Initial recognition

The company recognizes financial assets and financial liabilities when it becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument. All financial assets and liabilities are recognized at fair value on initial recognition except for trade receivable which is initially measured at transaction price. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets and financial liabilities that are not at fair value through profit or loss are added to the fair value on initial recognition.

(ii) Subsequent measurement

For the purpose of subsequent measurement financial assets are classified in three broad categories:-

A. Non-derivative financial instruments

(a) Financial assets carried at amortized cost

A financial asset is subsequently measured at amortized cost if it is held within a business model whose objective is to hold the asset in order to collect contractual cash flows and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

(b) Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income

A financial asset is subsequently measured at fair value through other comprehensive income if it is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding. The Company has made an irrevocable election for its investments which are classified as equity instruments to present the subsequent changes in fair value in other comprehensive income based on its business model. Further, in cases where the company has made an irrevocable election based on its business model, for its investments which are classified as equity instruments, the subsequent changes in fair value are recognized in other comprehensive income.

(c) Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss

A financial asset which is not classified in any of the above categories are subsequently measured at fair value through profit or loss.

(d) Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities are subsequently carried at amortized cost using the effective interest method, except for contingent consideration recognized in a business combination which is subsequently measured at fair value through profit and loss. For trade and other payables maturing within one year from the balance sheet date, the carrying amounts approximate fair value due to the short maturity of these instruments.

(e) Investment in Subsidiaries, Associates and Joint Ventures

Investment in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures is carried at cost in the separate financial statements.

B. Derivative financial instruments

The company holds derivative financial instruments such as foreign exchange forward and option contracts to mitigate the risk of changes in exchange rates on foreign currency exposures. The counterparty for these contracts is generally a bank.

(a) Financial assets or financial liabilities, at fair value through profit or loss.

This category has derivative financial assets or liabilities which are not designated as hedges. Although the company believes that these derivatives constitute hedges from an economic perspective, they may not qualify for hedge accounting under Ind AS 109, Financial Instruments. Any derivative that is either not designated a hedge, or is so designated but is ineffective as per Ind AS 109, is categorized as a financial asset or financial liability, at fair value through profit or loss.

(b) Cash flow hedge

Company designates certain foreign exchange forward contracts and option contracts as cash flow hedges to mitigate the risk of foreign exchange exposure on highly probable forecast cash transactions.

When a derivative is designated as a cash flow hedging instrument, the effective portion of changes in the fair value of the derivative is recognized in other comprehensive income and accumulated in the cash flow hedging reserve.

Any ineffective portion of changes in the fair value of the derivative is recognized immediately in the net profit in the statement of profit and loss. If the hedging instrument no longer meets the criteria for hedge accounting, then hedge accounting is discontinued prospectively. If the hedging instrument expires or is sold, terminated or exercised, the cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument recognized in cash flow hedging reserve till the period the hedge was effective remains in cash flow hedging reserve until the forecasted transaction occurs. The cumulative gain or loss previously recognized in the cash flow hedging reserve is transferred to the net profit in the statement of profit and loss upon the occurrence of the related forecasted transaction. If the forecasted transaction is no longer expected to occur, then the amount accumulated in cash flow hedging reserve is reclassified to net profit in the statement of profit and loss.

(iii) Impairment of Financial Assets

The company recognizes loss allowances using the expected credit loss (ECL) model for the financial assets which are not fair valued through profit or loss. Loss allowance for trade receivables with no significant financing component is measured at an amount equal to lifetime ECL. For all other financial assets, expected credit losses are measured at an amount equal to the 12-month ECL, unless there has been a significant increase in credit risk from initial recognition in which case those are measured at lifetime ECL. The amount of expected credit losses (or reversal) that is required to adjust the loss allowance at the reporting date to the amount that is required to be recognized is recognized as an impairment gain or loss in the statement of profit or loss.

(iv) Derecognition

A financial asset (or, a part of a financial asset) is primarily derecognized when:

(i) The contractual right to receive cash flows from the financial assets expire, or

(ii) The company transfers the financial assets or its right to receive cash flow from the financial assets and substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the asset to another party.

A financial liability (or, a part of financial liability) is derecognized when the obligation specified in the contract is discharged or cancelled or expires.

(v) Reclassification of financial assets

The company determines classification of financial assets and liabilities on initial recognition. After initial recognition, no reclassification is made for financial assets which are equity instruments and financial liabilities. For financial assets which are debt instruments, a reclassification is made only if there is a change in the business model for managing those assets. Changes to the business model are expected to be infrequent. The company’s senior management determines change in the business model as a result of external or internal changes which are significant to the Company’s operations. Such changes are evident to external parties. A change in the business model occurs when the company either begins or ceases to perform an activity that is significant to its operations. If the company reclassifies financial assets, it applies the reclassification prospectively from the reclassification date which is the first day of the immediately next reporting period following the change in business model. The company does not restate any previously recognized gains, losses (including impairment gains or losses) or interest.

C. Share capital

Ordinary shares

Ordinary shares are classified as equity. Incremental costs directly attributable to the issuance of new ordinary shares and share options are recognized as a deduction from equity, net of any tax effects.

1.19 Fair Value Measurement

The Company measures financial instruments such as derivatives and certain investments, at the fair value at each balance sheet date.

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The fair value measurement is based on the presumption that the transaction to sell the asset or transfer the liability takes place either:

(i) In the principal market for the asset or liability. Or

(ii) In the absence of a principal market, in the most advantageous market for the assets or liability.

The principal or the most advantageous market must be accessible by the Company.

The fair value of an asset or a liability is measured using the assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability, assuming that market participants act in their economic best interest.

A fair value measurement of a non-financial asset takes into account a market participant’s ability to generate economic benefits by using the assets in its highest and best use or by selling it to another market participant that would use the asset in its highest and best use.

The company uses valuation techniques that are appropriate in the circumstances and for which sufficient data are available to measure fair value, maximizing the use of relevant observable inputs and minimizing the use of unobservable inputs.

All assets and liabilities for which fair value is measured or disclosed in the financial statements are categorized within the fair value hierarchy, described as follows, based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement as whole:

Level 1 - Quoted (unadjusted) market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities

Level 2 - Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is directly or indirectly observable

Level 3 - Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is unobservable

For assets and liabilities that are recognized in the balance sheet on a recurring basis, the Company determines whether transfers have occurred between levels in the hierarchy by reassessing categorization (based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement as a whole) at the end of each reporting period.

For the purpose of fair value disclosures, the company has determined classes of assets and liabilities on the basis of the nature, characteristics and risks of the asset or liability and the level of the fair value hierarchy as explained above.

1.20 Cash flow statement

The cash flow statement is prepared in accordance with the Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) - 7 “Statement of Cash flows” using the indirect method for operating activities.

1.21 Cash and cash equivalents

The Cash and cash equivalent in the balance sheet comprise cash at banks and on hand and short-term deposits with a maturity period of three months or less from the balance sheet date, which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

1.22 Dividends

Final dividends on shares are recorded as a liability on the date of approval by the shareholders and interim dividends are recorded as a liability on the date of declaration by the Company’s Board of Directors.

Source : Dion Global Solutions Limited
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