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Coral Laboratories

BSE: 524506|ISIN: INE683E01017|SECTOR: Pharmaceuticals
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Dec 12, 15:40
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Coral Laboratories is not listed on NSE
Mar 16
Accounting Policy Year : Mar '18

Note 1A. Significant Accounting Policies

The principal accounting policies applied in the preparation of the financial statements are set out below. These policies have been consistently applied to all the years presented, unless otherwise stated.

(a) Basis of preparation and presentation of financial statements

The accounting policies are applied consistently to all the periods presented in the financial statements, including the preparation of the opening Ind AS Balance Sheet as at April 1, 2016 being the date of transition to Ind AS.

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the historical cost convention except for the following:

- certain financial assets that are measured at fair value;

- defined benefit plans - plan assets measured at fair value; and

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the company''s normal operating cycle (twelve months)and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013.

(b) Foreign currency transactions

(i) Functional and presentation currency

Items included in the financial statements of the Company are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which each entity operates ( functional currency). The financial statements are presented in Indian Rupees (INR), which is the functional currency of the company.

(ii) Transactions and Balances

Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency at the exchange rates on the date of transaction. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from settlement of such transactions and from translation of monetary assets and liabilities at the year-end exchange rates are generally recognized in the profit and loss.

(c) Property, Plant and Equipment

(i) Recognition and measurement:

Property, plant and equipment are carried at historical cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment loss, if any. Historical Cost includes taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation. Elements of cost also include the initial estimate of the costs of restoring the site of leased premises, referred to as ‘site restoration'', the obligation for which the Company incurs when the premises are taken on lease. Subsequent expenditure are capitalized only if it is probable that the future economic benefits associated with the expenditure will flow to the entity. Direct cost as well as related incidental expenses incurred on acquisition of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use or not put to use as on the balance sheet date are stated as capital work in progress. Assets under construction are not yet depreciated. There is no revaluation of fixed assets carried out during the year.

(ii) Depreciation:

Depreciation is provided on the straight line method on the basis of the rates determined based on the estimated useful lives of the assets which are higher than the rates prescribed under Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013, in order to refect the actual usage of the assets.

The residual values, useful lives and methods of depreciation of property, plant and equipment are reviewed at each financial year end and adjusted prospectively, if appropriate.

An asset''s carrying amount is written down immediately to its recoverable amount if the asset''s carrying amount is greater than its estimated recoverable amount.

Depreciation on additions during the year is charged from the month in which the assets are capitalized and for deletions up to the month prior to the month in which the asset is disposed off.

Gains and losses on disposals are determined by comparing the sale proceeds with the carrying amount and are recognised within the statement of profit and loss. Repairs and maintenance cost are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

Transition to Ind AS

On transition to Ind AS, the Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all its Property, plant and equipment recognised as at April 1, 2016 measured as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as the deemed cost of the Property, plant and equipment.

(d) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are amortised over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight line basis, but not exceeding the period given here under:

On transition to Ind AS, the Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all its Intangible assets recognised as at April 1, 2016 measured as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as the deemed cost of the Intangible assets.

(e) Impairment of non-financial assets

Intangible assets that have an indefinite useful life or intangible assets not ready to use are not subject to amortisation and are tested annually for impairment. Assets that are subject to depreciation / amortisation are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognised for the amount by which the asset''s carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s fair value less costs of disposal and value in use. For the purposes of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are largely independent cash inflows (cash-generating units). Non-fnancial assets other than goodwill that suffered impairment are reviewed for possible reversal of the impairment at the end of each reporting period.

(f) Financial Instruments Financial assets

The Company classifies its financial assets in the following measurement categories:

a. Those to be measured subsequently at fair value (either through other comprehensive income, or through profit or loss),

b. and those measured at amortised cost.

The classification depends on the entity''s business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual terms of the cash flows.

For assets measured at fair value, gains and losses will either be recorded in the Statement of Profit and Loss or other comprehensive income. For investments in debt instruments, this will depend on the business model in which the investment is held. For investments in equity instruments, this will depend on whether the company has made an irrevocable election at the time of initial recognition to account for the equity investment at fair value through other comprehensive income.

Initial recognition:

At initial recognition, the company measures a financial asset at its fair value plus, in the case of a financial asset not at fair value through profit or loss, transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset. Transaction costs of financial assets carried at fair value through profit or loss are expensed in profit or loss.

Subsequent measurement:

The Company classifies its financial assets in the following categories:

i) Financial assets at amortized cost- Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows where those cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest are measured at amortised cost.

They are presented as current assets, except for those maturing later than 12 months after the reporting date which are presented as non-current assets. Financial assets are measured initially at fair value plus transaction costs and subsequently carried at amortised cost using the effective interest method, less any impairment loss.

ii) Fair value through other comprehensive income (FVTOCI) - Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows and for selling the financial assets, where the assets'' cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest, are measured at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVTOCI). Movements in the carrying amount are taken through OCI, except for the recognition of impairment gains or losses and interest revenue which are recognised in profit and loss. When the financial asset is derecognised, the cumulative gain or loss previously recognised in OCI is reclassified from equity to profit or loss and recognised in other gains/ (losses). Interest income from these financial assets is included in other income using the effective interest rate method.

iii) Financial assets at FVTPL- Financial assets that do not meet the criteria for amortised cost or fair value through other comprehensive income (FVTOCI) are measured at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL), with fair value gain and losses recognized in Profit and loss account.

iv) Impairment of financial assets - The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is objective evidence that a financial asset or a group of financial assets is impaired. A financial asset or a group of financial assets is impaired and impairment losses are incurred only if there is objective evidence of impairment as a result of one or more events that occurred after the initial recognition of the asset (a ‘loss event'') and that loss event (or events) has an impact on the estimated future cash flows of the financial asset or group of financial assets that can be reliably estimated.

Financial liabilities Initial recognition and measurement

Financial liabilities are recognised when the company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

Financial liabilities are initially measured at the amortised cost unless at initial recognition, they are classified as fair value through profit and loss

Subsequent measurement:

Financial liability are subsequently measured at amortised cost using effective interest method. For trade and other payable maturing within one year from the balance sheet date, the carrying value approximates fair value due to shortmaturity of these investments

(g) Inventories

i) Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost of inventories comprises, cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other cost incurred in bringing them to their present location and conditions and excise duty paid/ payable on such goods.

ii) The company has a policy of writing off 20% of Stores and Spares purchased during the year in Daman and Dehradoon Plant.

iii) The company has identified slow moving stock for more than 3 years old and it is valued at Cost or Net Realizable value whichever is lower.

(h) Employee Benefits Short Term Employee Benefits

All employee benefits payable within twelve months of rendering the service are recognised in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Long Term Employee Benefits

(i) Defined Contribution Plans

Provident Fund: Contribution towards provident fund for certain employees is made to the regulatory authorities, where the Company has no further obligations. Such benefits are classified as Defined Contribution Schemes as the Company does not carry any further obligations, apart from the contributions made on a monthly basis.

(ii) Defined Benefit Plans

Gratuity: The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit plan (the “Gratuity Plan”) covering eligible employees in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year, carried out by an independent actuary and contributed to employees Gratuity Fund.

The present value of the defined benefit obligation is determined by discounting the estimated future cash outflows by reference to market yields at the end of the reporting period on government bonds that have terms approximating the terms of the related obligation.

Remeasurements, comprising of actuarial gains and losses, the effect of the asset ceiling, excluding amounts included in net interest on the net defined benefit liability and the return on plan assets (excluding amounts included in net interest on the net defined benefit liability), are recognised immediately in the balance sheet with a corresponding debit or credit to retained earnings through OCI in the period in which they occur. Remeasurements are not reclassified to profit or loss in subsequent periods.

Net interest is calculated by applying the discount rate to the net defined benefit liability or asset.

(I) Provisions

Provisions are recognized when the Company has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation, and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

The amount recognized as a provision is the best estimate of the consideration required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period, taking into account the risks and uncertainties surrounding the obligation.

These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflects the current best estimates. If the effect of time value of money is material, provisions are discounted. The discount rate used to determine the present value is a pre- tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the liability. The increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognised as interest expense.

(j) Income Tax

i) Current Income Tax:

The income tax expense or credit for the period is the tax payable on the current period''s taxable income based on the applicable income tax rate adjusted by changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities attributable to temporary differences and to unused tax losses, if any.

The current income tax charge is calculated on the basis of the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the end of the reporting period. Management periodically evaluates positions taken in tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulation is subject to interpretation. It establishes provisions where appropriate on the basis of amounts expected to be paid to the tax authorities.

ii) Deferred Tax:

Deferred tax is provided using the balance sheet approach on temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes at the reporting date.

Deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences, and the carry forward of unused tax credits and unused tax losses can be utilised.

The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the tax are those that are enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets and liabilities. Current tax assets and tax liabilities are offset where the entity has a legally enforceable right to offset and intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realise the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

Current and deferred tax is recognised in profit or loss, except to the extent that it relates to items recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity. In this case, the tax is also recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, respectively.

(k) Revenue recognition Sale of goods and services

Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable, and represents amounts net of discounts / rebates, returns, other customer incentives and value added taxes. The company recognises revenue when the amount of revenue can be reliably measured; when it is probable that future economic benefits will flow to the entity; and when specific criteria have been met for each of the company''s activities. The company bases its estimate of return on historical results, taking into consideration the type of customer, the type of transaction and the specifics of each arrangement.

Interest income

Interest income is recognised using the effective interest method. When a loan and receivable is impaired, the company reduces the carrying amount to its recoverable amount, being the estimated future cash flow discounted at the original effective interest rate of the instrument, and continues unwinding the discount as interest income. Interest income on impaired loan and receivables is recognised using the original effective interest rate.

Investment income

Incomes from investments are accounted on an accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted when right to receive dividend is established.

Other income

Incomes from Export incentive such as duty drawback and sale of License are booked on cash basis.

(l) Cash and Cash Equivalents

For the purpose of the statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents consist of cash at bank, cash in hand and book overdraft. In the balance sheet, book overdraft is shown within other current financial liabilities as they are not considered an integral part of company''s cash management.

(m) Earnings per share

The Company presents basic and diluted earnings per share data for its ordinary shares. Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the profit or loss attributable to ordinary shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is determined by adjusting the profit or loss attributable to ordinary shareholders and the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding, adjusted for own shares held, for the effects of all dilutive potential ordinary shares.

(n) Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Contingent liabilities exist when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company, or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required or the amount cannot be reliably estimated. Contingent liabilities are appropriately disclosed unless the possibility of an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits is remote.

A contingent asset is disclosed, where an inflow of economic benefits is probable. A contingent assets is not recognised unless the recovery is virtually certain.

(o) Rounding of amounts

All amounts disclosed in the financial statements and notes have been rounded off to the nearest lakhs as per the requirement of Schedule III, unless otherwise stated.

Note 2B: Critical accounting judgment, estimates and assumptions

The preparation of the financial statements requires management to exercise judgment and to make estimates and assumptions. These estimates and associated assumptions are based on historical experiences and various other factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates. The estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revision to accounting estimates are recognised in the period in which the estimate is revised if the revision affect only that period, or in the period of the revision and future periods if the revision affects both current and future period.

The areas involving critical estimates or judgements are:

(a) Useful lives of Property plant and equipment and Intangible assets

Depreciation and amortisation is based on management estimates of the future useful lives of the property, plant and equipment and intangible assets. Estimates may change due to technological developments, competition, changes in market conditions and other factors and may result in changes in the estimated useful life and in the depreciation and amortisation charges.

(b) Taxation

The Company reviews the carrying amount of deferred tax assets at the end of each reporting period for its recoverability against probable future profits.

(c) Employee Benefits

The present value of the gratuity obligations depends on a number of factors that are determined on an actuarial basis using a various assumptions. One of the critical assumptions used in determining the net cost (income) for these obligations include the discount rate. Any changes in these assumptions will impact the carrying amount of pension obligations.

(d) Provisions

Provisions are based on management''s best estimate of the liabilities based on the facts known at the balance sheet date.

Source : Dion Global Solutions Limited
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