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Report on the Audit of the Standalone financial statements
1 We have audited the accompanying standalone financial statements of Cholamandalam Investment and Finance Company Limited (the Company), which comprise the Standalone Balance Sheet as at March 31, 2022, and the Standalone Statement of Profit and Loss (including Other Comprehensive Income), the Statement of Changes in Equity and the Standalone Cash Flow Statement for the year then ended, and notes to the standalone financial statements, including a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory information.
2. In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us, the aforesaid standalone financial statements give the information required by the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act) in the manner so required and give a true and fair view in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India, of the state of affairs of the Company as at March 31, 2022, and total comprehensive income (comprising of profit and other comprehensive income), changes in equity and its cash flows for the year then ended.
3. We conducted our audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing (SAs) specified under Section 143(10) of the Act. Our responsibilities under those Standards are further described in the Auditor''s Responsibilities for the Audit of the Standalone financial statements section of our report. We are independent of the Company in accordance with the Code of Ethics issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the standalone financial statements under the provisions of the Act and the Rules thereunder, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements and the Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.
4. Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgment, were of most significance in our audit of the standalone financial statements of the current period. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the standalone financial statements as a whole and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters.
Key audit matters
How our audit addressed the key audit matter
Assessment of impairment loss allowance based on expected credit loss (ECL) on Loans (Refer Note 9 of the standalone financial statements)
The loan balances towards vehicle finance, home loans, loans against property, and other loans aggregating to INR 76,47,789 lakhs and the associated impairment allowances aggregating to INR 2,32,868 lakhs are significant to the standalone financial statements and involves judgement around the determination of the impairment allowance in line with the requirements of the Ind AS 109 Financial Instruments.
Impairment allowances represent management''s estimate of the losses incurred within the loan portfolios at the balance sheet date and are inherently judgmental. Impairment, based on ECL model, is calculated using main variables, viz. ''Staging, ''Exposure At Default, ''Probability of Default'' and ''Loss Given Default'' as specified under Ind AS 109.
The audit procedures performed by us to assess appropriateness of the impairment allowance based on ECL on loans included the following:
• We understood and evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of the key controls put in place by the management over:
i. the assumptions used in the calculation of ECL and its various aspects such as determination of Probability of Default, Loss Given Default, Exposure At Default, Staging of Loans, etc.;
ii. the completeness and accuracy of source data used by the Management in the ECL computation; and
iii. ECL computations for their reasonableness.
• We, along with the assistance of the auditor''s our expert, verified the appropriateness of methodology and models used by the Company and reasonableness of the assumptions used within the computation process to estimate the impairment provision.
Key audit matters
How our audit addressed the key audit matter
Quantitative factors like days past due, behaviour of the portfolio, historical losses incurred on defaults and macro-economic data points identified by the Management''s expert and qualitative factors like nature of the underlying loan, deterioration in credit quality, correlation of macro- economic variables to determine expected losses, uncertainty over realisability of security, judgement in relation to management overlays and related Reserve Bank of India (RBI) guidelines, to the extent applicable, etc. have been taken into account in the ECL computation.
Given the inherent judgmental nature and the complexity of model involved, we determined this to be a Key Audit Matter.
• We test-checked the completeness and accuracy of source data used.
• We recomputed the impairment provision for a sample of loans across the loan portfolio to verify the arithmetical accuracy and compliance with the requirements of Ind AS 109.
• We evaluated the reasonableness of the judgement involved in management overlays that form part of the impairment provision, and the related approvals.
We evaluated the adequacy of presentation and disclosures in relation to impairment loss allowance in the Standalone Financial Statements.
Assessment of Direct tax and Indirect tax litigations and related disclosure of contingent liabilities (Refer to Note 38 (a) of the Standalone Financial Statements)
As at March 31, 2022, the Company has exposure towards litigations relating to various tax matters as set out in the aforesaid Notes.
Significant management judgement is required to assess matters relating to direct tax and indirect tax litigations, to determine the probability of occurrence of material outflow of economic resources and whether a provision should be recognised or a disclosure should be made. The management judgement is also supported with legal advice in certain cases as considered appropriate.
As the ultimate outcome of the matters are uncertain and the positions taken by the management are based on the application of their best judgement, related legal advice including those relating to interpretation of laws/regulations, it is considered to be a Key Audit Matter.
Our audit procedures included the following:
• We understood, assessed and tested the design and operating effectiveness of key controls surrounding assessment of litigations relating to direct and indirect tax laws and regulations ;
• We inquired with management the recent developments and the status of the material litigations which were reviewed and noted by the Audit Committee;
• We performed our assessment on a test check basis on the underlying calculations supporting the contingent liabilities related to litigations disclosed in the Standalone Financial Statements;
• We used auditor''s expert to gain an understanding and to evaluate the disputed tax matters;
• We considered external legal opinions, where relevant, obtained by management and examined by the auditor''s expert;
• We obtained the listings from the management and got it reconfirmed from management''s consultants;
• We evaluated the adequacy of presentation and disclosures in relation to litigations in the Standalone Financial Statements.
Audit in an Information Technology (IT) enabled environment - including considerations on exceptions identified in IT Environment
The IT environment of the entity involves a few independent and inter- dependent IT systems used in the operations of the entity for processing and recording of the business transactions. As a result, there is a high degree of reliance and dependency on such IT systems for the financial reporting process of the entity.
Appropriate IT general controls and IT application controls are required to ensure that such IT systems can process the data as required, completely, accurately, and consistently for reliable financial reporting.
We have identified certain key IT applications and the related IT infrastructure (herein after referred to as In-scope IT systems), which have an impact on the financial reporting process and the
Our audit procedures with respect to this matter included the following:
In assessing the controls over the IT systems, we have involved our Technology Assurance specialists to obtain an understanding of the IT environment, IT infrastructure and IT systems.
With respect to the In-scope IT systems identified as relevant to the audit of the financial statements and financial reporting process of the entity, we have evaluated and tested relevant IT general controls or relied upon service auditor''s report, where applicable.
On such In-scope IT systems, we have covered the key IT general controls with respect to the following domains:
• Program change management, which includes that program changes are moved to the production environment as per defined procedures and relevant segregation of environment is ensured.
Key audit matters
How our audit addressed the key audit matter
related controls as a key audit matter because of the increased level of automation; a few systems being used by the entity for processing financial transactions; and the complexity of the IT architecture; and its impact on the financial records and financial reporting process of the entity.
• User access management, which includes user access provisioning, de- provisioning, access review, password management, sensitive access rights and segregation of duties to ensure that privileged access to applications, operating system and databases in the production environment were granted only to authorized personnel.
• Other areas that were assessed under the IT control environment included backup management, business continuity and disaster recovery, incident management, batch processing and monitoring.
We have also evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of key IT application controls within key business processes, which included testing automated calculations, automated accounting procedures, system interfaces, system reconciliation controls and key system generated reports, as applicable.
Where control deficiencies have been identified, we have tested compensating controls or performed alternative audit procedures, where necessary.
5. The Company''s Board of Directors is responsible for the other information. The other information comprises the information included in the Annual Report (Financial Highlights, Board''s report, Management Discussion and Analysis and Report on Corporate Governance), but does not include the standalone financial statements and our auditor''s report thereon.
Our opinion on the standalone financial statements does not cover the other information and we do not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.
In connection with our audit of the standalone financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the standalone financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated. If, based on the work we have performed, we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this other information, we are required to report that fact.
We have nothing to report in this regard.
6. The Company''s Board of Directors is responsible for the matters stated in Section 134(5) of the Act with respect to the preparation of these standalone financial statements that give a true and fair view of the financial position, financial performance, changes in equity and cash flows of the Company in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India, including the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Act. This responsibility also includes maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Act for safeguarding of the assets of the Company and for preventing and detecting frauds and other irregularities; selection and application of appropriate accounting policies; making judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; and design, implementation and maintenance of adequate internal financial controls, that were operating effectively for ensuring the accuracy and completeness of the accounting records, relevant to the preparation and presentation of the standalone financial statements that give a true and fair view and are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.
7. In preparing the standalone financial statements, management is responsible for assessing the Company''s ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless management either intends to liquidate the Company or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so. Those Board of Directors are also responsible for overseeing the Company''s financial reporting process.
8. Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the standalone financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor''s report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with SAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these standalone financial statements.
9. As part of an audit in accordance with SAs, we exercise professional judgment and maintain professional scepticism throughout the audit. We also:
• Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the standalone financial statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.
• Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances. Under Section 143(3)(i) of the Act, we are also responsible for expressing our opinion on whether the company has adequate internal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements in place and the operating effectiveness of such controls.
• Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.
• Conclude on the appropriateness of management''s use of the going concern basis of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Company''s ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor''s report to the related disclosures in the standalone financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor''s report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Company to cease to continue as a going concern.
• Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the standalone financial statements, including the disclosures, and whether the financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.
10. We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.
11. We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.
12. From the matters communicated with those charged with governance, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the standalone financial statements of the current period and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditor''s report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter or when, in extremely rare circumstances, we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.
13. The standalone financial statements of the Company for the year ended March 31,2021, were audited by another firm of chartered accountants under the Companies Act, 1956/ Act who, vide their report dated May 07, 2021, expressed an unmodified opinion on those standalone financial statements.
Our opinion is not modified in respect of above matter.
Report on other legal and regulatory requirements
14. As required by the Companies (Auditor''s Report) Order, 2020 (the Order), issued by the Central Government of India in terms of sub-section (11) of Section 143 of the Act, we give in the Annexure B a statement on the matters specified in paragraphs 3 and 4 of the Order, to the extent applicable.
15. As required by Section 143(3) of the Act, we report that:
(a) We have sought and obtained all the information and explanations which to the best of our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purposes of our audit.
(b) In our opinion, proper books of account as required by law have been kept by the Company so far as it appears from our examination of those books
(c) The Balance Sheet, the Statement of Profit and Loss (including other comprehensive income), the Statement of Changes in Equity and the Statement of Cash Flows dealt with by this Report are in agreement with the books of account.
(d) In our opinion, the aforesaid standalone financial statements comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Act.
(e) On the basis of the written representations received from the directors as on March 31, 2022 taken on record by the Board of Directors, none of the directors is disqualified as on March 31,2022 from being appointed as a director in terms of Section 164(2) of the Act.
(f) With respect to the adequacy of the internal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements of the Company and the operating effectiveness of such controls, refer to our separate Report in Annexure A.
(g) With respect to the other matters to be included in the Auditor''s Report in accordance with Rule 11 of the Companies (Audit
and Auditors) Rules, 2014 (as amended), in our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us:
i. The Company has disclosed the impact of pending litigations on its financial position in its standalone financial statements - Refer Note 38(a) to the standalone financial statements;
ii. The Company has made provision, as required under the applicable law or accounting standards, for material foreseeable losses, if any, on long-term contracts including derivative contracts - Refer Note 7 and Note 9 to the standalone financial statements;
iii. There has been no delay in transferring amounts, required to be transferred, to the Investor Education and Protection Fund by the Company during the year.
iv. (a) The management has represented that, to the best of its knowledge and belief, no funds have been advanced or loaned
or invested (either from borrowed funds or share premium or any other sources or kind of funds) by the Company to or in any other person(s) or entity(ies), including foreign entities (Intermediaries), with the understanding, whether recorded in writing or otherwise, that the Intermediary shall, whether, directly or indirectly, lend or invest in other persons or entities identified in any manner whatsoever by or on behalf of the Company (Ultimate Beneficiaries) or provide any guarantee, security or the like on behalf of the Ultimate Beneficiaries (Refer Note 50A Part II - Other Disclosures to the standalone financial statements);
(b) The management has represented that, to the best of its knowledge and belief, no funds have been received by the Company from any person(s) or entity(ies), including foreign entities (Funding Parties), with the understanding, whether recorded in writing or otherwise, that the Company shall, whether, directly or indirectly, lend or invest in other persons or entities identified in any manner whatsoever by or on behalf of the Funding Party (Ultimate Beneficiaries) or provide any guarantee, security or the like on behalf of the Ultimate Beneficiaries (Refer Note 50A Part II - Other Disclosures to the standalone financial statements); and
(c) Based on such audit procedures that we considered reasonable and appropriate in the circumstances, nothing has come to our notice that has caused us to believe that the representations under sub-clause (a) and (b) contain any material misstatement.
v. The dividend declared and paid during the year by the Company is in compliance with Section 123 of the Act.
16. The Company has paid/ provided for managerial remuneration in accordance with the requisite approvals mandated by the provisions
of Section 197 read with Schedule V to the Act.
For Sundaram and Srinivasan For Price Waterhouse LLP
Chartered Accountants Chartered Accountants
Firm Registration No. : 004207S Firm Registration No. : 301112E /E300264
S. Usha A. J. Shaikh
Membership No. : 211785 Membership No. : 203637
UDIN : 22211785AIKTFO9980 UDIN : 22203637AIKXQO1770
Place : Chennai Place : Chennai
Date : May 5, 2022 Date : May 5, 2022