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SENSEX NIFTY India | Accounting Policy > Dyes & Pigments > Accounting Policy followed by Bodal Chemicals - BSE: 524370, NSE: BODALCHEM

Bodal Chemicals

BSE: 524370|NSE: BODALCHEM|ISIN: INE338D01028|SECTOR: Dyes & Pigments
Jun 18, 16:00
-1.95 (-1.41%)
VOLUME 28,851
Jun 18, 15:58
-1.15 (-0.83%)
VOLUME 143,568
Mar 16
Accounting Policy Year : Mar '17

1.1 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

a) Basis of Accounting

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared on an accrual basis under historical cost convention and in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (‘Indian GAAP’) to comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act 2013 (“the 2013 Act”), as applicable. The accounting policies adopted in the presentation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known/materialise.

c) Current / Non Current Classification

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or noncurrent as per the Company’s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of products and the time between acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current/noncurrent classification of assets and liabilities.

1.2 Tangible and Intangible Assets

a) Tangible Fixed Assets

Tangible Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of recoverable taxes, trade discounts and rebates, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any The cost of Tangible Assets comprises its purchase price, borrowing cost and any cost directly attributable to bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Expenses directly attributable to new manufacturing facility during its construction period are capitalized Subsequent expenditures related to an item of Tangible Fixed Asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Losses arising from the retirement of, and gains or losses arising from disposal of tangible assets which are carried at cost are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Depreciation on tangible fixed assets of the company is provided using Written Down Value Method on pro-rata basis at rates and in manner specified in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 except based on technical analysis carried out by the management, remaining useful life in respect of certain plant & machineries situated at Unit-II, Unit-Ill & Unit-V is considered as 5 years.

b) Intangible Assets

The intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for the acquisition of such assets and are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment loss, if any

Intangible assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over their technically assessed useful lives, as mentioned below:

c) Capital Work in Progress & Capital Advances

Cost of Assets not ready for intended use, as on the balance sheet date, is shown as capital work in progress. Advances given towards acquisition of fixed assets outstanding at each balance sheet date are disclosed as Long Term Loans & Advances.

d) Impairment of Assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal / external factors. An asset is impaired when the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is charged to the statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. An impairment loss recognised in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been change in the estimate of the recoverable amount.

1.3 Investments

Investments are classified into current and non-current investments. Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date of acquisition are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as non-current investments.

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost or fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investments.

Non-current investments are stated at cost. A provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.4 Inventories

(a) Raw materials, work-in-progress, finished goods, packing materials, stores, spares, components, consumables and stock-in-trade are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value after providing for obsolescence, if any. The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an item-by item basis.

(b) In determining the cost of raw materials, packing materials, stock-in-trade, stores, spares, components and consumables, First-in-First-Out (FIFO) method is used. Cost of inventory comprises all costs of purchase, duties, taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities) and all other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

(c) Cost of finished goods and work-in-progress includes the cost of raw materials, packing materials, an appropriate share of fixed and variable production overheads, excise duty as applicable and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

(d) Materials in transit are valued at cost-to-date.

1.5 Transactions in Foreign Currency:

a) Initial recognition:

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

b) Measurement of foreign currency items at the Balance Sheet date:

Foreign currency monetary items of the Company are restated at the closing exchange rates. Non-monetary items are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising out of these translations are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

c) Forward exchange contracts:

The Company enters into forward exchange contracts to hedge against its foreign currency exposures relating to the underlying transactions and firm commitments. The Company does not enter into any derivative instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contract is amortized and recognized as an expense/ income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which the exchange rates change. Any Profit or Loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is also recognized as income or expense for the period.

1.6 Revenue Recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. The amount recognised as sale is exclusive of sales tax/VAT and is net of returns & discounts. Sales are stated gross of excise duty as well as net of excise duty; excise duty being the amount included in the amount of gross turnover. The excise duty related to the difference between the closing stock and opening stock is recognised separately as part of changes in inventories of finished goods, work in progress and stock in trade.

Export Incentives are recognised when the right to receive credit as per the terms of Incentives is established in respect of the exports made and when there is no significant uncertainty regarding the ultimate collection of the relevant export proceeds.

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.

Interest income is recognised on the time proportion basis.

1.7 Trade Receivables

Trade receivables are stated after writing off debts considered as bad. Adequate provision is made for debts considered doubtful.

1.8 Employee Benefits

a) Short Term Employees Benefit

Employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of receiving employee services are classified as short-term employee benefits. These benefits include salaries and wages, bonus, short term compensated absences, ex-gratia, etc. The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits to be paid in exchange for employee services is recognised as an expense as the related service is rendered by employees.

b) Post Employment Benefit Defined Contribution Plans :

A defined contribution plan is a post-employment benefit plan under which an entity pays specified contributions to a separate entity and has no obligation to pay any further amounts. The Company makes specified monthly contributions towards employee provident fund to Government administered provident fund scheme and Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) which are a defined contribution plan. The Company’s contribution is recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss during the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Defined Benefit Plans :

The Company’s gratuity benefit scheme is a defined benefit plan. The Company’s net obligation in respect of a defined benefit plan is calculated by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods; that benefit is discounted to determine its present value. Any unrecognized past service costs and the fair value of any plan assets are deducted. The calculation of the Company’s obligation under the plan is performed annually by a qualified actuary using the projected unit credit method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under defined benefit plan, are based on the market yields on Government securities as at the Balance sheet date.

The Company recognizes all actuarial gains and losses arising from defined benefit plans immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss. All expenses related to defined benefit plans are recognised in employee benefits expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The Company recognizes gains and losses on the curtailment or settlement of a defined benefit plan when the curtailment or settlement occurs.

The Company has funded its gratuity liability with Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) and Star Union Dai-ichi under the Group Gratuity Cash Accumulation Plan and SUD Life Group Gratuity Scheme respectively

c) Compensated Absences

Accumulated leave, which is expected to be utilized within the next 12 months, is treated as short-term employee benefit. The Company measures the expected cost of such absences as the additional amount that it expects to pay as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at the reporting date.

1.9 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, are added to the cost of those assets, upto the date when the assets are ready for their intended use. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur

1.10Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognised if, as a result of a past event, the Company has a present obligation that can be estimated reliably and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation. Provisions are recognised at the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the balance sheet date. The provisions are measured on an undiscounted basis.

A contingent liability exists when there is a possible but not probable obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources, or a present obligation whose amount cannot be estimated reliably. Contingent liabilities do not warrant provisions, but are disclosed unless the possibility of outflow of resources is remote. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements. However, contingent assets are assessed continually and if it is virtually certain that an inflow of economic benefits will arise, the asset and related income are recognised in the period in which the change occurs.

1.11 Taxes on Income

Income tax expenses comprise current and deferred taxes. Current tax is determined on income for the year chargeable to tax in accordance with the applicable tax rates and the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 and other applicable tax laws and after considering credit for Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) available under the said Act. MAT paid in accordance with the tax laws which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustments to future tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company resulting in payment of normal income tax.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversing in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences other than unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income to realise the assets. Deferred tax asset pertaining to unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognised only to the extent there is a virtual certainty of its realisation.

1.12 Governments Grants/Subsidy

Government Grants is recognized when there is a reasonable assurance that the company will comply with the conditions attached to them and grants will be received.

Grant related to depreciable assets is shown as a deduction from the gross value of the asset concerned in arriving at its book value. The grant is thus recognised in the profit and loss statement over the useful life of a depreciable asset by way of a reduced depreciation charge.

When the grant or subsidy relates to an expense item, it is recognized as income over the periods necessary to match them on a systematic basis to the costs, which it is intended to compensate.

1.13 Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, if any

1.14 Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into known amount of cash that are subject to an insignificant risk of change in value and having original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase, to be cash equivalents.

1.15 Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

1.16 Proposed Dividend

Dividend recommended by the Board of Directors is provided for in the accounts, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

1.17 Segment Reporting

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for the Company. The Company’s primary segment is identified as business segment based on nature of products, risks, returns and the internal business reporting system and secondary segment is identified based on the geographical location of the customers.

Source : Dion Global Solutions Limited
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