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Birla Cable

BSE: 500060|NSE: BIRLACABLE|ISIN: INE800A01015|SECTOR: Cables - Telephone
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Accounting Policy Year : Mar '18

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

(a) Property, Plant and Equipment (PPE)

PPE are stated at cost, net of recoverable taxes, trade discount and rebates less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Such cost includes purchase price, borrowing cost and any cost directly attributable to bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use.

Subsequent costs are included in the asset’s carrying amount or recognised as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. The carrying amount of any component accounted for as a separate asset is derecognised when replaced. Spare parts in the nature of PPE are capitalised and depreciated over their remaining useful life.

Gains or losses arising from derecognition of PPE are measured as the difference between the net disposable proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss when the asset is derecognised.

(b) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets (mainly comprise of license fees and associated implementation costs incurred for Computer Software) are measured initially at cost only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company and the cost can be measured reliably. After initial recognition, an intangible asset is carried at its cost, less accumulated amortisation and accumulated impairment losses, if any.

(c) Depreciation/Amortisation

Depreciation on PPE is provided on straight line method at the rates determined based on the useful lives of respective assets as prescribed in the Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 and/or useful life reviewed and assessed by the Company based on technical evaluation of relevant class of assets, as detailed below:

Depreciation on fixed assets added/disposed-off/discarded during the year is provided on pro-rata basis with respect to the month of addition/disposal/discarding.

Intangible Asset is measured at cost and amortised so as to reflect the pattern in which the assets economic benefits are consumed. The useful life of Intangible Asset has been estimated as five years.

Depreciation method, useful lives and residual values are reviewed at each financial year end and adjusted, if considered appropriate.

(d) Impairment of Non-Financial Assets

Assessment is done at each balance sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an asset (PPE and Intangible) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, an estimate of the recoverable amount of the asset/cash generating unit (CGU) is made. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset’s or cash generating unit’s net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. For the purpose of assessing impairment, the recoverable amount is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets. The smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets, is considered as a cash generating unit (CGU). An asset or CGU whose carrying value exceeds its recoverable amount is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount. Assessment is also done at each reporting date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased.

(e) Government Grants and Subsidies

Grants and subsidies (including industrial investment promotion incentives linked to fixed capital investment in Plant and Equipment, etc.) from the Government(s) are recognised when there is reasonable assurance that the conditions attached to them will be complied and grants/subsidy will be received. Government subsidies/incentives inextricably based upon and linked to fixed capital investments in Plant and Equipment for setting up a new industrial undertaking or for substantial expansion/ technological upgradation/diversification of an existing industrial undertaking where no repayment is stipulated are recognised in the Balance Sheet as deferred subsidy and credited in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a systematic basis over the remaining useful life of the related Plant and Equipment.

Export benefits availed as per prevalent schemes are accrued each year in which the goods are exported and when no significant uncertainty exists regarding their ultimate collection.

(f) Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

Cost comprise all costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated cost of completion and estimated cost necessary to make the sale.

(g) Fair Value Measurement

The Company measures financial instruments such as investments and derivatives at fair value at each Balance Sheet date.

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The fair value measurement is based on the presumption that the transaction to sell the asset or transfer the liability takes place either:

(i) In the principal market for the asset or liability, or

(ii) In the absence of a principal market, in the most advantageous market for the asset or liability to which the Company has access at that date.

All assets and liabilities for which fair value is measured or disclosed in the standalone financial statements are categorised within the fair value hierarchy, described as follows, based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement as a whole:

Level 1- Quoted (unadjusted) market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;

Level 2- Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is directly or indirectly observable;

Level 3- Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is unobservable.

For the purpose of fair value disclosure, the Company has determined classes of assets and liabilities on the basis of nature, characteristics and risks of the assets or liabilities and the level of the fair value hierarchy as explained above. Management determines the policies and procedures for both recurring fair value measurement, such as derivative instruments and unquoted financial assets and for non-recurring measurement, such as assets held for disposal.

(h) Financial Instruments

A financial instrument is any contract that gives rise to a financial asset of one entity and a financial liability or equity instrument of another entity.

(i) Financial Asset

Initial Recognition and Measurement

All financial assets are initially recognised at fair value. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets and liabilities, which are not fair value through profit and loss, are adjusted to the fair value on initial recognition.

Subsequent Measurement

Financial Assets Other than Equity Instruments

- Financial Assets carried at Amortised Cost:

A financial asset is subsequently measured at amortized cost if it is held within a business model whose objective is to hold the asset in order to collect contractual cash flows and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on principal outstanding. Interest income from these financial assets is included in other income using the effective interest rate (“EIR”) method.

- Financial Assets at Fair value through Other Comprehensive Income (FVOCI):

A financial asset is subsequently measured at fair value through Other Comprehensive Income if it is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on principal outstanding. They are subsequently measured at each reporting date at fair value, with all fair value movements recognised in Other Comprehensive Income (OCI). On de-recognition of the asset, cumulative gain or loss previously recognised in Other Comprehensive Income is reclassified from the OCI to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

- Financial Asset at Fair Value through Profit or Loss (FVTPL):

A financial asset which is not classified in any of the above categories are subsequently fair valued through profit and loss.

- Equity Instruments

All equity investments are measured at fair value. Equity Instruments, which are held for trading are classified as Fair value through Profit and Loss. For equity investments other than held for trading, the company has exercised irrevocable option to recognise in ‘Other Comprehensive Income’ (“OCI”). The Company makes such election on an instrument-by-instrument basis for those investments which are strategic and are not intended for sale. If the Company decides to classify an equity instrument as at FVTOCI, then all fair value changes on the instrument, excluding dividends, are recognised in the OCI. Gain/(Loss) on sale of such investments are transferred from OCI to Retained Earnings. Derecognition of Financial Instruments

The Company derecognises Financial Asset when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the financial asset expire or it transfers the financial asset and the transfer qualifies for derecognition under Ind AS-109.

Impairment of Financial Assets

The Company assesses at each date of Balance Sheet whether a financial asset or a group of financial assets is impaired. Ind AS-109 requires expected credit losses to be measured through a loss allowance. The Company determines expected credit losses after taking into account the past history of recovery, risk of defaults of the counterparty, existing market condition, etc. The impairment methodology applicable depends on whether there has been a significant increase in credit risks since initial recognition.

(ii) Financial Liabilities

Recognition and Initial Measurement

Financial liabilities are classified, at initial recognition, as at fair value through profit or loss, loans and borrowings, payables or as derivatives, as appropriate. All financial liabilities are recognised initially at fair value and, in the case of loans and borrowings and payables, net of directly attributable transaction costs.

Subsequent Measurement

Financial liabilities are measured subsequently at amortised cost or FVTPL. A financial liability is classified as FVTPL if it is classified as held-for-trading, or it is a derivative or it is designated as such on initial recognition. Financial liabilities at FVTPL are measured at fair value and net gains and losses, including any interest expense, are recognised in profit or loss. Other financial liabilities are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method. Interest expense and foreign exchange gains and losses are recognised in profit or loss. Any gain or loss on derecognition is also recognised in profit or loss.

Derecognition

A financial liability is derecognised when the obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expires.

Offsetting Financial Instruments

Financial assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount reported in the Balance Sheet when there is a legally enforceable right to offset the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis or realise the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

Derivative Financial Instruments

The Company enters into derivative financial instruments viz. foreign exchange forward contracts and interest rate swaps and to manage its exposure to interest rate and foreign exchange rate risks. Derivatives are initially recognised at fair value at the date the derivative contracts are entered into and are subsequently re-measured to their fair value at the end of each reporting period. The resulting gain or loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss immediately.

(i) Income Taxes

Tax expense comprises current income tax and deferred tax. Current income tax expense is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the taxation authorities in accordance with the governing provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date.

Deferred tax is provided using the Balance Sheet method on temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes at the reporting date. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the year when the asset is realised or the liability is settled, based on tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date.

Deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences, the carry forward of unused tax credits and unused tax losses can be utilised.

Income tax (Current and Deferred) relating to items recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss except to the extent it relates to the items recognised directly in equity or other comprehensive income

Current tax assets and Current tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set of the recognised amounts and where it intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realise the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

(j) Revenue Recognition

Revenue from Sale of Goods

Revenue is recognised to the extent it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. Revenue is measured at the price charged (consideration received or receivable) to the customer and are recorded net of returns, claims, rebates and other pricing allowances,trade discounts, volume discounts and taxes and duties collected on behalf of the Government except as provided in Note No. 33. Revenue is recognised on transfer of significant risks and rewards incidental to ownership to the customer which generally coincides with despatch of goods to customer. Revenue to the extent of Price Variation disputes, if any, which are subjected to resolution through arbitration is recognised based on interim relief granted by a court or arbitral tribunal and/or after its receipt upon execution of the final award in favour of the Company, as the case may be.

Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis. Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.

(k) Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction, production or development of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are added to the cost of those assets, until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred. Transaction cost in respect of long term borrowing are amortised over the tenure of respective loans using Effective Interest Rate (EIR) method.

(l) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

The Company recognises a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and reliable estimates can be made of the amount of obligation. A disclosure of contingent liability is made when there is possible obligation or a present obligation that will probably not require outflow of resources or where a reliable estimate of the obligation cannot be made. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation and likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Contingent assets are not recognised but disclosed in the financial statements, where economic inflow is probable.

(m) Employee Benefits

Defined Contribution Plan

The Company makes regular contributions to recognised Provident Fund/Family Pension Fund and also to duly constituted and approved Superannuation Fund, which are recognised as expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss during the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Defined Benefit Scheme

Gratuity, Pension and Compensated Absences benefits, payable as per Company’s schemes are considered as defined benefit schemes and are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on the basis of actuarial valuation carried out at the end of each financial year by independent actuaries using Projected Unit Credit Method. For the purpose of presentation of defined benefit plans, the allocation between short term and long term provisions is made as determined by the independent actuaries. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Other Comprehensive Income.

Ex-gratia or other amount disbursed on account of selective employees separation scheme or otherwise are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred/determined.

(n) Operating Leases

Leases, where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership over the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term except where the lease payments are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation.

(o) Foreign Currency Translations

Transactions in foreign currencies are initially recorded in the functional currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the functional currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction. Foreign currency monetary items are translated using the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date.

Exchange differences arising on settlement or translation of monetary items are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss except exchange differences arising on those long term foreign currency monetary items, related to acquisition of depreciable capital assets being carried forward from previous GAAP, which are adjusted to cost of such assets and depreciated over their balance life pursuant to the option in Notification No.G.S.R 914(E) dated 29th December, 2011 issued by Ministry of Corporate Affairs. Non Monetary Foreign Currency items are stated at cost.

(p) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders of the company by the weighted average number of the equity shares outstanding during the year.

(q) Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and Cash Equivalent in the Cash Flow Statement comprises cash on hand, demand deposits with banks and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition.

1.1 Recent accounting pronouncements

(a) Ind AS-115 Revenue from Customers

On March 28, 2018 Ministry of Corporate Affairs (“MCA”) has notified the Ind AS-115, Revenue from Contract with Customers. The core principle of the new standard is that an entity should recognise revenue when the control of goods or services underlying the particular performance obligation is transferred to customers. Further the new standard requires enhanced disclosures about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainties of revenue and cash flows arising from the underlying terms and conditions of the contract between the entity and customer. An entity may choose to apply the new standard to its historical transactions and retrospectively adjust each comparative period. Alternatively, an entity can recognise the cumulative effect of applying the new standard at the date of initial application and make no adjustments to its comparative information (Catch up Transition Method). The chosen transition option can have a significant effect on revenue trends in the financial statements. A change in the timing of revenue recognition may require a corresponding change in the timing of recognition of related costs. The standard is effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1st April, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the requirements of Ind AS 115, and has not yet determined the impact on the financial statements.

(b) Appendix B to Ind AS-21, Foreign Currency Transactions and Advance Consideration

On March 28, 2018 MCA has notified the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2018 containing Appendix B to Ind AS 21, foreign currency transaction and advance consideration which clarifies the date of the transaction for the purpose of determining the exchange rate to use an initial recognition of the related asset, liability, expense or income, when an entity has received or paid advance consideration in a foreign currency. The amendment will come into force from 1st April, 2018. The Company has evaluated the effect of this on the financial statements and impact is not material.

Source : Dion Global Solutions Limited
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