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Report on the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements Opinion
We have audited the accompanying standalone financial statements of Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (“the Company”), which comprise the Balance Sheet as at March 31, 2022, the Statement of Profit and Loss (including Other Comprehensive Income), the Statement of Changes in Equity and the Statement of Cash Flows for the year then ended, and a summary of the significant accounting policies and other explanatory information (hereinafter referred to as “the Standalone financial statements) in which are incorporated the returns for the year ended on that date for 19 branches audited by us and 10 branches audited by the branch auditors of the company.
In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us, the aforesaid financial statements give the information required by the Companies Act, 2013 (“the Act) in the manner so required and give a true and fair view in conformity with the Indian Accounting Standards prescribed under section 133 of the Act read with the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules 2015, as amended, (“Ind AS) and other accounting principles generally accepted in India, of the state of affairs of the Company as at March 31, 2022, the profit and total comprehensive income, changes in equity and its cash flow for the year ended on that date.
We conducted our audit of the standalone financial statements in accordance with the Standards on Auditing (SAs) specified under section 143 (10) of the Companies Act, 2013. Our
responsibilities under those Standards are further described in the Auditor''s Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements section of our report. We are independent of the Company in accordance with the Code of Ethics issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the standalone financial statements under the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and the Rules thereunder, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements and the Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion on the standalone financial statements.
We draw attention to Notes 39 (b) & Additional disclosure of Note 3.1 (point no. 5) of the financial statements, which describes the impact of Change in accounting estimate on account of Contractual Obligation and Change of useful life of assets respectively. Our opinion is not modified in respect of this matter.
Key audit matters are those matters that in our professional judgement were of most significance in our audit of the financial statements of the current period. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the standalone financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters. We have determined the matters described below to be the key audit matters to be communicated in our report.
Key Audit Matter
Accuracy of recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosures of revenues and other related balances in respect of “Revenue from contracts with Customers under Ind AS 115.
The application of this revenue accounting standard involves certain key judgments relating to identification of distinct performance obligations, determination of transaction price of identified performance obligations, the appropriateness of the basis used to measure revenue recognized over a period, and disclosures including presentations of balances in the financial statements.
Estimated efforts is a critical estimate to determine revenue, as it requires consideration of progress of the contract, efforts incurred till date, efforts required to complete the remaining performance obligation.
Refer Note 40 to the standalone financial statements
Principal Audit Procedures
Our audit approach consisted testing of the design and
operating effectiveness of internal controls and procedures as
• Evaluated the effectiveness of controls over the preparation of information that are designed to ensure the completeness and accuracy.
• Selected a sample of existing continuing contracts and new contracts, and tested the operating effectiveness of the internal control, relating to identification of the distinct performance obligations and determination of transaction price.
• Tested the relevant information, accounting systems and change relating to contracts and related information used in recording and disclosing revenue in accordance with Ind AS 115.
• Reviewed a sample of contracts to identify possible delays in achieving milestones, which require change in estimated efforts to complete the remaining performance obligations.
• Performed analytical procedures and test of details for reasonableness and other related material items.
Assessment and recoverability of Trade Receivables and Contract Assets
The Company has trade receivables outstanding (net) of '' 6228.59 Crore and contract assets (net) of '' 26939.87 Crore at the end of March 31, 2022.
These balances are related to revenue recognized in line with Ind AS 115 “Revenue from contracts with customers for ongoing contracts and completed contracts. The assessment of its recoverability is a key audit matters in the audit due to its size, pending balance confirmation of letters sent and high level of management judgment
Refer Notes 6, 9, 40 to the standalone financial statements.
Principal Audit Procedures
We have assessed the Company''s internal process to recognize the revenue and review mechanism of trade receivables and contract assets. Our audit approach consisted testing of the design and operating effectiveness of internal controls and procedures as follows:
• Evaluated the process of invoicing, verifications, and reconciliations with customers.
• Obtained the list of project wise outstanding details and its review mechanism by the management.
• Reviewed the guidelines and policies of the Company on impairment of trade receivables and contract assets.
• Tested the accuracy of aging of trade receivables and contract assets at the year-end on sample basis.
• Performed analytical procedures and test of details for reasonableness, recoverability and other related material items.
Assessment of Contingent Liability
Principal Audit Procedures
There are a number of litigations pending before various forums
The audit procedures included but were not limited to:
against the Company and the management''s judgement is required for estimating the amount to be disclosed as contingent liability.
We determined the above area as a Key Audit Matter in view of associated uncertainty relating to the outcome of these matters which requires application of judgment in
• Obtaining a detailed understanding processes and controls of the Management with respect to claims or disputes
• Performing following procedures on samples selected:
• Understanding the matters by reading the correspondences, communications, minutes of the management meeting
interpretation of law. Accordingly, our audit was focused on analyzing the facts of subject matter under consideration and judgments/ interpretation of law involved.
• Making corroborative inquiries with appropriate level of the management personnel including status update, expectation of outcomes with the basis, and the future course of action contemplated by the Company, and perusing legal opinions, if any, obtained by the
(Refer Note 32 to the standalone financial statements)
• Obtaining direct confirmation from the legal attorneys of the company and considering their opinions /probability assessment of the outcomes.
• Evaluating the evidence supporting the judgement of the management about possible outcomes and the reasonableness of the estimates.
• Evaluating appropriateness of adequate disclosures in accordance with the applicable accounting standards.
The Company''s Board of Directors is responsible for the preparation of the other information. The other information comprises the information included in Management Discussion and Analysis, Board''s Report including Annexures to Board''s Report, Business Responsibility & Sustainability Report, Corporate Governance and Shareholder''s information, but does not include the standalone financial statements and our auditor''s report thereon.
Our opinion on the financial statements does not cover the other information and we do not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.
In connection with our audit of the standalone financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated.
If, based on the work we have performed, we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this other information, we are required to report that fact. We have nothing to report in this regard.
The Company''s Board of Directors is responsible for the matters stated in Section 134(5) of the Companies Act, 2013 (“the Act) with respect to the preparation of these financial statements that give a true and fair view of the financial position, financial performance, total comprehensive
income, changes in equity and cash flows of the Company in accordance with the Ind AS and other accounting principles generally accepted in India. This responsibility also includes maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Act for safeguarding the assets of the company and for preventing and detecting frauds and other irregularities; selection and application of appropriate accounting policies; making judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; and design, implementation and maintenance of adequate internal financial controls, that were operating effectively for ensuring the accuracy and completeness of the accounting records, relevant to the preparation and presentation of the financial statements that give a true and fair view and are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.
In preparing the standalone financial statements, Management of Company is responsible for assessing the Company''s ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless the Management of Company either intends to liquidate the Company or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so.
The Board of Directors are responsible for overseeing the Company''s financial reporting process.
Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor''s report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee
that an audit conducted in accordance with SAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these standalone financial statements.
As part of an audit in accordance with SAs, we exercise professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We also:
• Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.
• Obtain an understanding of internal financial controls relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances. Under section 143(3)(i) of the Companies Act, 2013, we are also responsible for expressing our opinion on whether the company has adequate internal financial controls system in place and the operating effectiveness of such controls.
• Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.
• Conclude on the appropriateness of management''s use of the going concern basis of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Company''s ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor''s report to the related disclosures in the financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor''s report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Company to cease to continue as a going concern.
• Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the standalone financial statements, including the disclosures, and whether the standalone financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.
Materiality is the magnitude of misstatements in the standalone financial statements that, individually or in aggregate, makes it probable that the economic decisions of a reasonably knowledgeable user of the financial statements may be influenced. We consider quantitative materiality and qualitative factors in (i) planning the scope of our audit work and in evaluating the results of our work; and (ii) to evaluate the effect of any identified misstatements in the financial statements.
We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.
We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.
From the matters communicated with those charged with governance, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the standalone financial statements of the current period and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditor''s report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter or when, in extremely rare circumstances, we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.
We did not audit the financial statements/information of 10 (Ten) branches included in the standalone financial statements of the Company whose financial statements/ financial information reflect total assets of '' 33573 Crore as at 31st March, 2022 and total revenue of '' 11630 Crore for the year ended on that date, as considered in the standalone financial statements. The financial statements/information of these branches have been audited by the branch auditors whose reports have been furnished to us, and our opinion in so far as it relates to the amounts and disclosures included in respect of these branches, is based solely on the report of such branch auditors.
Our opinion is not modified in respect of these matters.
(1) As required by the Companies (Auditor''s Report) Order, 2020 (“the Order) issued by the Central Government of India in terms of sub-section (11) of section 143 of the Act, we give in the “Annexure A a statement on the matters specified in paragraphs 3 and 4 of the Order, to the extent applicable.
(2) As required by Section 143 (3) of the Act, based on our audit we report that:
a. We have sought and obtained all the information and explanations, which to the best of our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purposes of our audit:
b. In our opinion, proper books of account as required by law have been kept by the company so far as it appears from our examination of those books and proper returns adequate for the purpose of our audit have been received from the branches not visited by us;
c. The reports on the accounts of the branch offices of the Company audited under Section 143(8) of the Act by branch auditors have been sent to us and have been properly dealt with by us in preparing this report;
d. The Balance Sheet, the Statement of Profit and Loss (including other comprehensive income), Statement of Changes in Equity and the Statement of Cash Flow dealt with by this Report are in agreement with the books of account;
e. In our opinion, the aforesaid financial statements comply with the Indian Accounting Standards prescribed under Section 133 of the Act, read with Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules 2015;
f. In terms of Notification no. G.S.R. 463 (E) dt. 0506-2015 issued by Ministry of Corporate Affairs, the Provision of Section 164(2) of the Companies Act, 2013 in respect of disqualification of directors are not applicable to the Company;
g. With respect to the adequacy of the internal financial controls over financial reporting of the Company and the operating effectiveness of such controls, refer to our separate Report in ''''Annexure B”;
h. With respect to the other matters to be included in the Auditor''s Report in accordance with Rule 11 of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules, 2014, in our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us:
i) The company has disclosed the impact of pending litigations on its financial position in its standalone financial statements. Refer Note 32 to the financial statements;
ii) The company has made provision, as required under the applicable law or accounting standards, for material foreseeable losses, if any, on longterm contracts including derivative contracts. Refer Note 39 to the financial statements;
iii) There has been no delay in transferring the amount, required to be transferred in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and the rules made thereunder, to the Investor Education and Protection Fund by the Company.
iv) Based on the representation received from Management, no funds have been advanced / received or loaned or invested by the company with the understanding that the intermediary shall lend or invest in other persons or entities identified in any manner whatsoever by or on behalf of the Company / funding party received by the company.
v) As stated in Note 31 to the financial statements, the Board of Directors of the company has proposed final dividend for the year which is subject to the approval of the members at the ensuing Annual General meeting. The dividend proposed is in accordance with section 123 of the Act to the extent it applies to the declaration of dividend.
(3) On the basis of such checks of the books and records of the Company, as we considered appropriate and according to the information and explanations given to us, we are enclosing our report in terms of Section 143(5) of the Act, on the directions and sub directions issued by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India in “Annexure C”