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SENSEX NIFTY India | Notes to Account > Paper > Notes to Account from Balkrishna Paper Mills - BSE: 539251, NSE: BALKRISHNA

Balkrishna Paper Mills

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Notes to Accounts Year End : Mar '18

1 (a) General information

Balkrishna Paper Mills Limited (‘the Company’) is engaged in the business of manufacturing and selling of “Paper and Paper Boards” which are used mainly for packaging industry, catering to the needs of Pharmaceuticals, Cosmetics, Health Care products, readymade garments, Food Products, Match boxes and mainly for FMCG Segments.

The company is a public limited company incorporated and domiciled in India and has its registered office at A/7, Trade World, Kamala City, Senapati Bapat Marg, Lower Parel(West), Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Note no. 2

First time adoption of Ind AS

I. Transition to Ind AS

These are the company’s first financial statements prepared in accordance with Ind AS.

The accounting policies set out in note 1(b) have been applied in preparing the financial statements for the year ended 31st March 2018, the comparative information presented in these financial statements for the year ended 31st March 2017 and in the presentation of an opening Ind AS balance sheet at 1st April 2016 (the Company’s date of transition). In preparing its opening Ind AS balance sheet, the Company has adjusted the amount reported previously in financial statements prepared in accordance with the accounting standards notified under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and other relevant provisions of the Act (previous GAAP or Indian GAAP). An explanation of how the transition from previous GAAP to Ind AS has affected the company’s financial position and financial performance is set out in the following tables and notes.

II. Exemptions from retrospective application

Ind AS 101 allows first-time adopters certain exemptions from the retrospective application of certain requirements under Ind AS. The Company has applied the following exemptions:

a) Deemed cost for Property, Plant and Equipment (PPE) and Intangible assets

Ind AS 101 permits a first time adopters to continue with the carrying value for all its property, plant and equipment and intangible asset as recognised in the financial statements as at the date of transition to Ind AS, measured as per the previous GAAP and use that as its deemed cost as at the date of transition.

Accordingly, the company has elected to measure all of its PPE and intangible asset at their previous GAAP carrying values. The remaining voluntary exemptions as per Ind AS 101 - First time adoption either do not apply or are not relevant to the Company

III. Exceptions from full retrospective application:

a) Estimates

Upon an assessment of the estimates made under Indian GAAP, the Company has concluded that there was no necessity to revise such estimates under Ind AS, except where estimates were required by Ind AS and not required by Indian GAAP.

The company made estimate for following items in accrodance with Ind AS at the date of transition as these were not required under previous GAAP:

- Investment in mutual funds carried at FVTPL.

b) Classification and measurement of financial assets

The Company has classified and measured the financial assets (investment in mutual funds) on the basis of facts and circumstances that exist at the date of transition to Ind AS.

The remaining mandatory exceptions either do not apply or are not relevant to the Company.

IV. Reconciliations under Ind AS 101

(a) Reconciliation of Equity as at 31st March 2017

(f) Reconciliation of statement of Cash Flow :

There are no material adjustments to the statement of cash flow as reported under previous GAAP “

(g) Notes to the reconciliation:

1 Fair valuation of investments in mutual funds

Under previous GAAP, invesments in mutual funds were classified as current investments based on the intended holding period and realisability. Current investments were measured at lower of cost or market price as of each reporting date. Under Ind AS, these invesments are required to be measured at fair value. The resulting fair value changes of these investments have been recognised in retained earnings as at the date of transition and subsequently in the profit or loss for the year ended 31st March 2017.

2 Accounting for derivative and foreign exchange differences

a) Ind AS 109 requires all derivatives to be measured at fair value as per Ind AS 113 on the reporting date with both unrealised gains and losses being recognised in the statement of profit and loss for the period in which such changes arise, unless hedge accounting is applied. Accordingly the company has fair valued foreign currency forward contracts outstanding as at transition date and as at 31st March 2017 and recognised gain / loss in the retained earnings and statement of profit and loss respectively and corresponding effect is given to asset or liability for gain and loss respectively, as Derivative Asset and Derivative liability.

b) The company has also transalated all financial assets / financial liabilities denominated in foreign currency at the year end rates.

3 Interest bearing loans and borrowings

Under Indian GAAP, transaction costs incurred in connection with interest bearing loans and borrowings are amortised upfront and charged to profit or loss for the period. Under Ind-AS, transaction costs are included in the initial recognition amount of financial liability and charged to profit or loss using the effective interest method or amortised on straight line basis over the period of loan.

4 Other deferred tax adjustments

Indian GAAP requires deferred tax accounting using the income statement approach, which focuses on differences between taxable profits and accounting profits for the period. Ind AS 12 requires entities to account for deferred taxes using the balance sheet approach, which focuses on temporary differences between the carrying amount of an asset or liability in the balance sheet and its tax base. The application of Ind AS 12 approach has resulted in recognition of deferred tax on new temprorary differences which was not required under Indian GAAP.

5 Remeasurement of post employment benefit obligation

Under Ind AS,remeasurements i.e. acturial gains and losses and the return on plan assets, excluding amounts included in the net interest expense on the net defined benefit liability are recognised in other comprehensive income instead of profit and loss under the previous GAAP.

The company offsets tax assets and liabilities if and only if it has a legally enforceable right to set off current tax assets and current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to income taxes levied by the same tax authority.

Significant management judgement is required in determining provision for income tax, deferred income tax assets and liabilities and recoverability of deferred income tax assets. The recoverability of deferred income tax assets is based on estimates of taxable income in which the relevant entity operates and the period over which deferred income tax assets will be recovered.


Financial instruments - Fair values and risk management

A. Accounting classification and fair values

The following table shows the carrying amounts and fair values of financial assets and financial liabilities, including their levels in the fair value hierarchy. It does not include fair value information for financial assets and financial liabilities not measured at fair value if the carrying amount is a reasonable approximation of fair value.

Fair values for financial instruments carried at amortised cost approximates the carrying amount, accordingly the fair values of such financial assets and financial liabilities have not been disclosed separately.

B. Measurement of fair values

Ind AS 107, ‘Financial Instrument - Disclosure’ requires classification of the valuation method of financial instruments measured at fair value in the Balance Sheet, using a three level fair-value-hierarchy (which reflects the significance of inputs used in the measurements). The hierarchy gives the highest priority to un-adjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and lowest priority to un-observable inputs (Level 3 measurements). Fair value of derivative financial assets and liabilities are estimated by discounting expected future contractual cash flows using prevailing market interest rate curves. The three levels of the fair-value-hierarchy under Ind AS 107 are described below:

Level 1: Level 1 Heirarchy includes financial instruments measured using quoted prices.

Level 2: The fair value of financial instruments that are not traded in an active market are determined using valuation techniques which maximise the use of observable market data and rely as little as possible on entity specific estimates. If all significant inputs required to fair value an instrument are observable, the instrument is included in level 2.

Level 3: If one or more of the significant inputs are not based on observable market data, the instrument is included in level 3. Transfers between Levels

There have been no transfers between Levels during the reporting periods

The following tables show the valuation techniques used in measuring Level 2 fair values, as well as the significant unobservable inputs used.

Financial instruments measured at fair value

C. Financial risk management

The Company has exposure to the following risks arising from financial instruments:

- Credit risk ;

- Liquidity risk ; and

- Market risk

i. Risk management framework

The Company’s board of directors has overall responsibility for the establishment and oversight of the Company risk management framework. The board of directors is responsible for developing and monitoring the Company risk management policies.

The Company’s risk management policies are established to identify and analyse the risks faced by the Company, to set appropriate risk limits and controls and to monitor risks and adherence to limits. Risk management policies and systems are reviewed regularly to reflect changes in market conditions and the Company’s activities. The Company, through its training and management standards and procedures, aims to maintain a disciplined and constructive control environment in which all employees understand their roles and obligations.

The audit committee oversees how management monitors compliance with the company’s risk management policies and procedures, and reviews the adequacy of the risk management framework in relation to the risks faced by the Company. The audit committee is assisted in its oversight role by internal audit. Internal audit undertakes both regular and ad hoc reviews of risk management controls and procedures, the results of which are reported to the audit committee.

ii. Credit risk

Credit risk is the risk of financial loss to the Company if a customer or counterparty to a financial instrument fails to meet its contractual obligations, and arises principally from the Company’s receivables from customers, cash and cash equivalents, mutual funds, bonds etc.

The carrying amount of financial assets represents the maximum credit exposure.

Trade receivables

Around 25% of the sales are export sales. For major part of the sales, customer credit risk is managed by requiring domestic and export customers to pay advances before transfer of ownership, therefore substantially eliminating the Company’s credit risk in this respect.


The ageing of trade receivables that were not impaired was as follows:

Concentration of credit risk

At 31 March 2018, the carrying amount of the Company’s most significant customer is INR 1600.36 lakhs (31st March, 2017 : INR 1301.26 lakhs; 1st April, 2016 : INR 1700.70 lakhs)

Investment in mutual funds

The investment in mutual funds are entered into with credit worthy fund houses. The credit worthiness of these counter parties are evaluated by the management on an ongoing basis and is considered to be good. The Company does not expect any losses from non-performance by these counter-parties.


The derivatives are entered into with banks with good credit ratings.

Cash and cash equivalents

Credit risk from balances with banks is managed by the Company’s treasury department in accordance with the company’s policy.

iii. Liquidity risk

Liquidity risk is the risk that the Company will not be able to meet its financial obligations as they become due. The Company manages its liquidity risk by ensuring, as far as possible, that it will always have sufficient liquidity to meet its liabilities when due, under both normal and stressed conditions, without incurring unacceptable losses or risk to the Company’s reputation. The Company has obtained fund and non-fund based working capital lines from various banks. The Company also constantly monitors funding options available in the debt and capital markets with a view to maintaining financial flexibility.

As at 31st March, 2018, the Company had working capital of INR (3816.78) lakhs, including cash and cash equivalents of INR 9.51 lakhs.

As at 31st March, 2017, the Company had working capital of INR (5453.75) lakhs , including cash and cash equivalents of INR 11.10 lakhs.

As at 1st April, 2016 the Company had working capital of INR (2397.01) lakhs, including cash and cash equivalents of INR 359.55 lakhs and highly marketable current investments of INR 1217.62 lakhs.

Exposure to liquidity risk

The table below analyses the Company’s financial liabilities into relevant maturity groupings based on their contractual maturities for:

* all non derivative financial liabilities

* net and gross settled derivative financial instruments for which the contractual maturites are essential for the understanding of the timing of the cash flows.

iv. Market risk

Market risk is the risk of loss of future earnings, fair values or future cash flows that may result from adverse changes in market rates and prices (such as interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates ) or in the price of market risk-sensitive instruments as a result of such adverse changes in market rates and prices. Market risk is attributable to all market risk-sensitive financial instruments, all foreign currency receivables and payables and all short term and long-term debt. The Company is exposed to market risk primarily related to foreign exchange rate risk, interest rate risk and the market value of its investments. Thus, the Company’s exposure to market risk is a function of investing and borrowing activities and revenue generating and operating activities in foreign currencies.

a) Currency risk

The company is exposed to currency risk to the extent that there is a mismatch between the currencies in which sales, purchase, other expenses and borrowings are denominated and the functional currency of the company. The functional currency of the company is Indian Rupees (INR). The currencies in which these transactions are primarily denominated is USD.

The Company generally hedges its estimated foreign currency exposure in respect of its forecast sales over the following 12 months and borrowings (ECB). The Company uses forward exchange contracts to hedge its currency risk. Such contracts are generally designated as cash flow hedges.

Further the company hedge its interest rate on External Commercial Borrowings by way of interest rate swap.

The Company, as per its risk management policy, uses foreign currency forward contract primarily to hedge foreign exchange. The Company does not use derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

Following is the derivative financial instruments to hedge the foreign exchange rate risk as at 31st March, 2018:

Exposure to currency risk

The summary quantitative data about the Company’s exposure to currency risk as reported to the management of the Company is as follows:

Sensitivity analysis

The strenghtening / weakening of the respective foreign currencies with respect to functional currency of company would result in increase or decrease in profit or loss and equity as shown in table below. This analysis assumes that all other variables, in particular interest rates, remain constant. The following analysis has been worked out based on the exposures as of the date of statements of financial position.

b) Interest rate risk

Interest rate risk is the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in interest rates.

For details of the Company’s short-term and long term loans and borrowings, including interest rate profiles, refer to Note 46 of these financial statements.

Interest rate sensitivity - fixed rate instruments

The company’s fixed rate borrowings are carried at amortised cost. They are therefore not subject to interest rate risk as defined in IND AS 107, since neither the carrying amount nor the future cash flow will fluctuate because of a change in market interest rates.

Interest rate sensitivity - variable rate instruments

A reasonably possible change of 100 basis points in interest rates at the reporting date would have increased / decreased equity and profit or loss by amounts shown below. This analysis assumes that all other variables, in particular, foreign currency exchange rates, remain constant. This calculation also assumes that the change occurs at the balance sheet date and has been calculated based on risk exposures outstanding as at that date. The period end balances are not necessarily representative of the average debt outstanding during the period.

Offsetting financial assets and financial liabilities

The following table presents the recognised financial instruments that are offset, or subject to enforceable master netting arrangements and other similar agreements but not offset, as at 31st March 2018, 31st March 2017 and 1st April 2016. The column ‘net amount’ shows the impact on the company’s balance sheet if all set-off rights were exercised.

Note no. 4 Capital Management

The Company’s policy is to maintain a strong capital base so as to maintain investors, creditors and market confidence and to sustain future development of the business.

The Company monitors capital using a ratio of ‘net debt’ to ‘equity’. For this purpose, net debt is defined as total debt, comprising loans and borrowings less cash and cash equivalents and current investments.

The Company’s net debt to equity ratio as at 31st March 2018, 31st March 2017 and 1st April 2016 was as follows.

Note No.5 Earning Per Share (EPS):

Basic EPS and Diluted EPS amounts are calculated by dividing the profit for the year attributable to equity holders of the company by the weighted average number of Equity shares outstanding during the year.

Note No.6

Related Party Disclosures *

(Where transactions have taken place)

I Related Party Relationships

a) Key Management Personnel (KMP)

Shri Anurag P. Poddar - Chairman & Managing Director , Shri Ankit P. Poddar - Executive Director, Shri Shrutisheel Jhanwar -Whole-time Director & CFO and Shri. Ompraksh Singh - Company Secretary.

b) Other Related Parties -(Enterprises-KMP having significant influence/owned by major shareholders) Siyaram Silk Mills Ltd.,

S P Finance & Trading Ltd., Sanchana Trading & Finance Ltd., SPG Power Ltd. , SPG Infrastructure Ltd., Vishal Furnishing Ltd., Wavelink Commercial P Ltd.,MMI Foods

In the financial year 2016-17 an amount of Rs. 252.39 Lakhs was received as surrender of keyman insurance policy from KMP Terms and conditions of transactions with related parties

* All the related party transactions were made on terms equivalent to those that prevail in an arm’s length transactions.

* Parties identified by the Management and relied upon by the auditors.

No amount in respect of related parties have been written off/back or are provided for.

Leases - Finance leases as lessee:

The company has entered into long-term leasing arrangements for land with government authorities which are in the nature of finance lease. These arrangements do not involve any material recurring payments, hence other disclosures are not given.


a) As at 31st March,2018, there are no Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, as defined in the Micro, Small, Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006, to whom the Company owes dues on account of principal amount together with interest and accordingly no additional disclosures have been made.

b) The above information regarding Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises has been determined to the extent such parties have been identified on the basis of information available with the Company. This has been relied upon by the auditors.


Employee Benefit obligations

(A) Defined Contribution Plan

The Company has various schemes for long-term benefits such as provident fund and superannuation. In case of funded schemes, the funds are recognised by the Income tax authorities and administered through trustees /appropriate authorities. The Company’s defined contribution plans are superannuation and employees’ pension scheme (under the provisions of the Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952) since the Company has no further obligation beyond making the contributions. The liability of the Company on the exempt Provident Fund managed by the trustees is restricted to the interest shortfall if any.

(B) Defined Benefit Plan

In accordance with the provisions of the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the Company has a defined benefit plan which provides for gratuity payments. The plan provides a lump sum gratuity payment to eligible employees at retirement or termination of their employment. The amounts are based on the respective employee’s last drawn salary and the years of employment with the Company. Liabilities in respect of the gratuity plan are determined by an actuarial valuation, based upon which the Company makes annual contributions to the Group Gratuity cum Life Assurance Schemes administered by the LIC of India, a funded defined benefit plan for qualifying employees. Trustees adminster the contributions made by the Company to the gratuity scheme.

The most recent actuarial valuation of the defined benefit obligation along with the fair valuation of the plan assets in relation to the gratuity scheme was carried out as at March 31, 2018. The present value of the defined benefit obligations and the related current service cost and past service cost, were measured using the Projected Unit Credit Method.

Based on the actuarial valuation obtained in this respect, the following table sets out the details of the employee benefit obligation and the plan assets as at balance sheet date:

(vi) Sensitivity analysis

Reasonably possible changes at the reporting date to one of the relevant actuarial assumptions, holding other assumptions constant, would have affected the defined benefit obligation by the amounts shown below.

The above sensitivity analyses have been calculated to show the movement in defined benefit obligation in isolation and assuming there are no other changes in market conditions at the reporting date. In practice, generally it does not occur. When we change one variable, it affects to others. In calculating the sensitivity, project unit credit method at the end of the reporting period has been applied.

Other long-term employee benefits:

Compensated absences are payable to employees at the rate of daily basic salary for each day of accumulated leave partially at the year end and partially on death or on resignation or upon retirement. The charge towards compensated absences for the year ended 31st March, 2018 based on actuarial valuation using the projected accrued benefit method is INR (1.17) lakhs (31st March 2017 : INR 3.58 lakhs).


Previous year’s figures have been regrouped/reclassified wherever necessary to correspond with the current year’s classification/ disclosure.

Source : Dion Global Solutions Limited
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